Ford Orion

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Ford Orion
Ford Orion front 20071031.jpg
Manufacturer Ford Europe
Production July 1983–September 1993
Assembly Halewood, UK
Saarlouis, Germany[1]
Almussafes, Valencia, Spain[2]
General Pacheco, Buenos Aires
Valencia, Venezuela
Body and chassis
Class Small family car (C)
Body style 4-door saloon
Related Ford Escort
Ford Verona
Engine 1296 cc OHV "Valencia/HCS" Straight-4
1296 cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1596 cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1753 cc OHC "Endura-D" Straight-4 Diesel
Transmission Ford BC4 4-speed manual
Ford BC5 5-speed manual
Ford ATX 3-speed automatic
Predecessor Ford Escort (1968-1980)
Ford Cortina
Successor Ford Escort Saloon (1993)

The Ford Orion is a small family car that was built by the automaker Ford Europe from 1983 to 1993. A total of 3,534,239 Orions were sold throughout the car's 10-year life.

The Ford Orion was based on the Ford Escort, but instead of the Ford Escort's hatchback, the Ford Orion had a separate boot, making it a saloon. Visually the Ford Orion's notch-back rear end and greater rear overhang make it readily distinguishable from its sibling.


Orion Mark I (1983-1986)[edit]

Ford Orion GL Mark I

In the early 1980s, Ford's model line-up and image was changing. The company's older saloon line-up was replaced mainly by hatchbacks, starting with the Escort MK3 in 1980 and the new Sierra (which replaced the Cortina) in 1982. By 1985, even the top-of-the-range Granada would offer a hatchback bodystyle, with no saloon available until 1990, while a booted version of the Sierra debuted early in 1987.

The Orion was designed to fill the market demand for a traditional four-door saloon, which had been absent from the Escort range since the end of MK2 production in 1980, and also in larger cars by the demise of the Cortina in 1982. The Orion looked similar to a contemporary Escort at the front apart from the different grille design, but the rear of the Orion had a long flat boot (making the car a three-box saloon design) rather than a hatchback or estate body like the Escort. Although the Orion's length was similar to that of the contemporary Ford Sierra (then only available as a hatchback) it had rear legroom and a larger boot. This concept was similar to the Volkswagen Jetta, the saloon version of the Golf hatchback which had been on sale since 1979.

Ford initially offered the Orion in only GL and Ghia trim levels, missing out on the very lowest specification levels available on the Escort, as well as the basic 1100cc engine. Only 1300 cc and 1600 cc CVH engine options were available (though with both carburettor and fuel injection options on the 1.6 Ghia). A lower specification L model was introduced in 1984 as was the option of a 1.6 diesel engine on L and GL models.

The Orion Ghia 1.6i standard features included central locking, sunroof, sport front seats, electric windows, rear head restraints, tachometer and an information binnacle informing the driver when the vehicle needed maintenance. All of these features were rare equipment on a small family car in the 1980s, giving the Orion upmarket pretensions.

The Orion 1.6i shared an engine with the Escort XR3i and offered similar performance and handling without the insurance unfriendly tag that the XR badge started to command in the late 1980s due to its popularity with car thieves.[citation needed] The 1.6i was topped by a luxury limited edition called the 1600E in 1989, the 1600E name harking back to the Mark II Ford Cortina 1600E as both were considered to be well-equipped saloon cars with decent performance for the working person. The Orion 1600E was available in black, white and metallic grey and had RS alloys, wood cappings on the dashboard and doors, and grey leather seats. Only 1,600 were made, of which 1,000 had leather trim.

With the facelift in 1986, Ford brought the styling and engineering of the Orion closer to the Escort's and lower-specification models crept into the range along with equipment levels being brought together between the two cars, and helped Orion sales increase further.

The success of the Orion across Europe, particularly in Britain (where it was among the top 10 selling cars every year from 1984 to 1990), was followed by several other manufacturers launching saloon versions of their popular hatchbacks. By 1986, General Motors had launched a saloon version of its Opel Kadett/Vauxhall Astra hatchback, which was sold as the Vauxhall Belmont on the British market. Austin Rover, on the other hand, made use of a Honda design for its new Rover 200 Series saloon, which was launched in 1984 and gave buyers a booted alternative to the Maestro hatchback. The Orion was launched around the same time as the Fiat Regata, saloon and estate versions of the Ritmo (Strada in Britain).

The Orion was a strong seller in Britain, peaking as the seventh best selling car in 1987 and 1988.

Orion Mark II (1986-1992)[edit]

Ford Orion Mark II

March 1986 saw the Orion getting the same facelift as the rest of the Escort range. The Mark II brought the option of anti-lock-brakes (ABS) and a heated front windscreen to the range. The CVH engines were upgraded and were now 'lean burn units' and various models in the range could run on unleaded fuel without modifications to the cylinder head or to the fuel system. Improved locks were fitted across the range, and a number of other improvements were carried out including new suspension and gearbox mounts, updated interior and trim changes, improved soundproofing and revised steering and suspension settings. Trim levels now included the previously deleted L, Biscane (special edition) Lx, Equipe (special edition) GL, GLS (special edition), Ghia, Ghia Injection and 1600E (special edition).

Orion Mark III (1990-1993)[edit]

The third generation Orion was launched in September 1990, but received the similar criticism from the motoring media that the fifth generation Escort endured for its lack of design flair as well as the disappointing refinement of some of its engines — particularly the 1.3 and 1.4-litre CVH petrol units.[3] As with the Escort, the arrival of the Zetec 16 Valve engines and suspension changes in 1992 improved the Orion's dynamic qualities.[3] The Mk3 was identified at the front by clear indicator lenses and by a chrome bar that ran through the radiator grill. The range topping Orion Ghia Si (sports injection) had 130 bhp (97 kW) out of its 1.8L DOHC Zetec unit, making this the fastest production model Orion that Ford produced through the car's 10 year life, with a top speed of 126mph. A facelift to the Escort and Orion in September 1992 also saw many major improvements.[4]

This version of the Orion was not quite as popular as the pre-1990 versions, just missing out on a place in the top 10 best selling cars in Britain in 1991 and 1992.

Ford Orion 1.4 Ghia Mark III in Radiant Red
Brazilian built 1994 Ford Verona/Orion.

Trim levels were:

  • L (1992–1993), 1.8 diesel
  • LX (1990–1993), 1.3, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8 16v petrol, 1.8 diesel
  • GLX (1990–1991), 1.3, 1.4, 1.6 petrol (dropped after 1991)
  • Ghia (1990–1993), 1.3, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8 16v petrol, 1.8 diesel
  • Ghia Si (1992), 1.8 16v petrol, only available 92J /92K plate versions.

In September 1993, Ford deleted the Orion nametag, and the Escort nameplate was used on all bodystyles.[3] This was a move that Vauxhall had previously done with its Belmont in 1991. The Escort saloon was discontinued in 1998, after the launch of the Focus saloon.


  1. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  2. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  3. ^ a b c "Used Car Survey: Ford Escort" (PDF). The AA. March 2000. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Ford Escort/Orion (16v)" (PDF). The AA. August 1992. Retrieved 12 April 2015.