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The Ford Ranger is a nameplate that has been used on three distinct model lines of vehicles sold by the Ford Motor Company. Originally, the name was used by the short-lived Edsel Ranger car, then it later referred to a version of the Ford F-Series pickup truck sold in North America between model year 1965 and 1981 that denoted a styling package. Ford repurposed the name "Ranger" in 1982 for the 1983 model year for a compact pickup truck sold in North America and later parts of South America. Since 1998, Ford has offered a separate model of Ranger sold internationally.
Americas (1983–2012 model years)
Ford designed and engineered the North American version of the Ranger, which commenced manufacture in January 1982 for the 1983 model year and ended production in December 2011. For the 1995 model year, Ford exported the North American model to select Latin and South American countries; however, as demand increased, Ford began producing the model at its Argentinian plant. During the 1994 through 2010 model years, Mazda badge engineered this model as the North American "B-Series" replacing the "international" version of the Mazda B-Series that had previously been retailed in North America. During its 29-year production run, the Ranger received several updates: notably, the 1989 model year facelift, the introduction of the second-generation model for 1993, a 1998 model year facelift of the same, and several smaller second-generation cosmetic changes in the 2001, 2004, and 2006 model years. The Latin and South American version was re-skinned in 2009 for the 2010 model year, receiving all-new exterior sheet metal while retaining the existing body structure. On December 22, 2011, the last USA-built Ranger rolled off the St. Paul, Minnesota assembly line.
For markets outside of North America, Ford badge engineered the Japanese-built Mazda B-Series as the Courier starting in 1971, renaming it the Ranger in 1998; the Courier nameplate was retained in Australasia until 2006. The Courier was also sold in North America prior to the 1983 model year. Second-generation models from 2006 to 2011 were also designed by Mazda, being rebadged versions of the successor to the B-Series, the BT-50. Third-generation models, as produced since 2011, were designed and engineered by Ford Australia, with Mazda offering a derivative version of the Ford as the second generation BT-50. The Mazda truck is also the basis for the Ford Everest SUV and therefore, the Ranger and the Everest share a number of features.
1998–2002Main article: Mazda B-Series
2002–2006Main article: Mazda B-Series
2006–2009Main article: Mazda BT-50
2009–2011Main article: Mazda BT-50
2011–presentMain article: Ford Ranger (T6)
- Max, Josh (19 December 2011). "Ford Ranger, other cars, cease production in 2012". http://www.nydailynews.com/. NEW YORK DAILY NEWS. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Ford Ranger".
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