Ford Ranger (T6)

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Ford Ranger (T6)
Ford Ranger 2.2 TDCi Limited Doppelkabine (III) – Frontansicht, 6. April 2012, Velbert.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Ford
Production 2011–present
2018–present (North America)[1]
Model years 2011-present
Assembly Rayong, Thailand (AAT)
Silverton, South Africa
Buenos Aires, Argentina (Ford Argentina)
Wayne, Michigan, United States (Michigan Assembly Plant)
Hai Duong, Vietnam (Ford Vietnam)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size pickup truck
Body style Two-door single cab
Four-door extended cab
Four-door double cab
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive
Related Mazda BT-50
JMC Yuhu
Troller T4
Ford Everest
Powertrain
Engine 2.3-liter EcoBoost I4 (petrol)
2.5-liter Duratec 25 I4 (petrol)
2.0-liter EcoBlue I4 (diesel)
2.2-liter Duratorq I4 (diesel)
3.2-liter Duratorq I5 (diesel)
Transmission 5/6-speed manual
6/10-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 3,226 mm (127.0 in), Everest 112.2
Length 5,359 mm (211.0 in), Everest 192.6
Width 1,849 mm (72.8 in), Everest 73.3
Height 1,815 mm (71.5 in) Everest 72.3
Kerb weight 1,866–1,968 kg (4,114–4,339 lb) [2]
Chronology
Predecessor Ford Ranger (Argentina & US)
Ford Ranger (Mazda BT-50)
Ford Courier (Brazil)
Ford F-250 Super Duty (Brazil)
Ford Transit (Brazil)
Ford F150 (some configurations) (US) (2019)
Ford Explorer Sport Trac (US)

The current generation of the Ford Ranger (codenamed T6) is a range of midsize pickup trucks that is manufactured and sold by Ford Motor Company worldwide. Designed and engineered by Ford of Australia,[3] the Ranger T6 consolidates previous versions of the Ford Ranger sold worldwide, including the Ford Ranger designed sold in the Americas[4] and the Mazda-derived Ford Ranger sold in Latin America, Europe, and Asia-Pacific regions. First unveiled at the Australian International Motor Show in Sydney in October 2010, the Ranger T6 has been produced since the summer of 2011.

Initially excluded from North American sale, the Ford Ranger T6 has been released for sale in the United States and Canada for the 2019 model year. As with the previous Ford Ranger, the mid-size truck is slotted below the Ford F-150 in the Ford truck range.

The Ranger T6 forms the basis for several sport-utility vehicles, including the Ford Everest mid-size sport-utility vehicle, the Troller T4 off-road vehicle, and the 2020 Ford Bronco. Mazda markets a badge-engineered version of the Ranger as the second generation of the Mazda BT-50 pickup truck.

First produced by the AutoAlliance facility in Rayong, Thailand, the Ranger is also currently produced in Argentina, Nigeria, and South Africa.[5] For North American specification vehicles, production will be sourced from the Michigan Assembly Plant in Wayne, Michigan.

Overview[edit]

Following its 2006-2011 predecessor in the mid-size segment, the Ford Ranger T6 is produced in three body styles worldwide. A two-door (single-cab) is standard, with a cargo capacity of 43 cubic feet (1.21 m3). A cargo capacity of 64 cubic feet (1.82 m3) is offered with a four-door extended cab (SuperCab in North America), or a four-door crew cab (SuperCrew in North America). Along with the standard pickup truck, the Ranger is also offered as a chassis cab, effectively taking the place of the Ford Falcon cab-chassis.

All four-door Rangers have the same ground clearance, whether two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive; two-door versions are offered with a "Hi-Rider" option in two-wheel drive configuration, giving them the same ground clearance as 4x4 versions. Hi-Rider versions (including the Wildtrak) have water-fording clearance of 31 in (800 mm), while standard-height Rangers have clearance of 24 in (600 mm). The Ranger T6 has a rated towing capacity of 7,700 lb (3,500 kg); versions with the 2.2L Duratorq diesel have a payload capacity of 2,939 lb (1,333 kg).

In 2015, the Ford Ranger T6 underwent a mid-cycle redesign, with the front fascia adopting elements of Ford Kinetic Design.[6] In place of the rectangular three-bar grille, the Ranger adopted a slightly oval grille with a single center bar, allowing further differentiation between the Ranger and the mechanically similar Ford Everest SUV.

Trim levels[edit]

The global Ranger T6 follows traditional Ford truck trim level nomenclature, offering XL, XLT, and XLS trim levels. Based on its four-wheel drive versions, Ford offers the Ford Ranger FX4 and the Ford Ranger Wildtrak, with model-specific exteriors. The North American version of the Ranger T6 shares the same nomenclature, with XL, XLT, and Lariat (in place of XLS); the FX4 is offered as an option package for 4x4 vehicles.

Wildtrak[edit]

In certain global markets, including Australia, Ford released the Ford Ranger Wildtrak as a special edition of the Ranger. Based on the four-wheel drive crew-cab, the Wildtrak was equipped with a 3.2L Duratorq diesel engine with a manual or automatic transmission. To visually distinguish the model, the Wildtrak was equipped with a model-specific grille (painted dark grey), model-specific 18-inch wheels, and other exterior and interior trim. Marketed in a colour exclusive to the trim (Pride Orange), the Wildtrak was also offered in several other colours.

Powertrain[edit]

Ford Ranger T6 powertrain overview
Engine Production Configuration Fuel Output Transmission
EcoBoost 2.3L (Mazda LF) begins 2019 2.3 L (138 cu in) DOHC 16V I4

turbo, direct injection

Petrol/gasoline TBA 10-speed automatic
Duratec 25 (Mazda L5-VE) 2011-present 2.5 L (151.8 cu in) DOHC 16V I4 164 hp (122 kW), 167 lb⋅ft (226 N⋅m) 5-speed manual
Duratorq TDCi (ZSD-422)[7] 2011-present 2.2 L (133.3 cu in) DOHC 16V I4

turbo, intercooled, Direct injection

Diesel 118 hp (88 kW), 210 lb⋅ft (285 N⋅m)

123 hp (92 kW), 240 lb⋅ft (330 N⋅m)

150 hp (110 kW), 277 lb⋅ft (375 N⋅m)

6-speed manual

6-speed automatic

Duratorq TDCi (P5AT)[7] 2011-present 3.2 L (195.2 cu in) DOHC 20V I5

turbo, intercooled

197 hp (147 kW), 350 lb⋅ft (470 N⋅m)
EcoBlue 2.0 turbo begins 2019 2.0 L (121.7 cu in) DOHC 16V I4

turbo

180 PS (130 kW; 180 hp), 310 lb⋅ft (420 N⋅m) 10-speed automatic
EcoBlue 2.0 bi-turbo begins 2019 2.0 L (121.7 cu in) DOHC 16V I4

bi-turbo

213 PS (157 kW; 210 hp), 370 lb⋅ft (500 N⋅m) 10-speed automatic

Raptor[edit]

Ford Ranger Raptor display in Surin, Thailand.

Unveiled by Ford in Thailand in 2018, the Ford Ranger Raptor is an upcoming 2019 production model.[8] Similar to the larger F-150 Raptor, the Ranger Raptor is a high-performance truck optimized for off-road driving. Marking the debut of the 210hp 2.0L EcoBlue bi-turbo diesel engine in the Ranger paired to a 10-speed automatic transmission, the Raptor is equipped with permanent four-wheel drive and upgraded chassis and suspension.[8] As with the F-150 and SVT Raptor, the grille of the Ranger Raptor replaces the Ford Blue Oval with "FORD" in block letters.

Safety[edit]

The Ranger T6 is equipped with six airbags (seven, in EU-market models). Along with dual front and side airbags, the Ranger is equipped with curtain airbags; European versions are equipped with a driver-side knee airbag. Along with standard anti-lock brakes, the Ranger is equipped with emergency brake assist. The twin-piston 11.9 in (302 mm) by 1.3 in (32 mm) front brake rotors are joined by 10.6 in (270 mm) by 2.2 in (55 mm) rear drums (on two-wheel drive Rangers) and 11.6 in (295 mm) by 2.2 in (55 mm) rear drums (on Hi-Rider and all 4x4 Rangers).

Australia XLT and WildTrak variants have the optional Tech Pack for $800. This includes Adaptive Cruise Control, Lane Keeping Aid, Land Departure Warning, Automatic High Beams, Front windscreen mounted camera and a radar placed on in the front right side of the grille.

Variants[edit]

Ford Everest[edit]

Ford revealed the concept for the next-generation Ford Everest in August 2013. The Everest SUV features Kinetic Design cues similar to the EcoSport, Kuga/Escape, and Edge.[9] The vehicle is offered in both rear-wheel drive and four-wheel drive, mated either to the 2.2-L or 3.2-L Duratorq, depending on the market.

Presently, no plans exist to offer the Everest outside of the Asia-Pacific and South African markets; in North America, the Everest overlaps with the Explorer, Expedition, and Flex in size and cost as well as seating, cargo, and towing capacity.[10][11] However, in the Philippines, the Everest is sold alongside the Explorer and Expedition Max.[12] In China, the Ford Everest is manufactured by Jiangling Motors, at Jiangling's Nanchang factory.[13] In India, Ford markets the Everest as the Ford Endeavour. The military version is marketed Arquus Trapper

Ford Bronco (2020)[edit]

Alongside the North American revival of the Ford Ranger, Ford is reintroducing the Ford Bronco SUV.[14] Scheduled for the 2020 model year[15], the Bronco will be a mid-size SUV based on the Ranger and slotted below the standard-length Expedition and above the Explorer in the Ford model line. While mechanically derived from the Ranger T6, Ford chief technical officer Raj Nair stated that the 2020 Bronco would be its own unique vehicle and would not be an adaptation of the existing Ford Everest SUV.[16]

JMC Yuhu[edit]

JMC Yuhu

Jiangling Motors (the automotive joint-venture affiliate of Ford in China) has assembled the JMC Yuhu since August 2015.[17] A mid-size pickup based upon a proprietary platform, the exterior of the Yuhu is derived loosely upon both the Ranger and the Mazda BT-50.

JMC Yusheng S350[edit]

JMC Yusheng S350

Jiangling Motors (the automotive joint-venture affiliate of Ford in China) has assembled the JMC Yusheng S350 since August 2010. As a mid-size crossover based on the Ford Everest, the exterior of the Yusheng S350 is similar to the Ford crossover. [18]

Mazda BT-50[edit]

Developed in tandem with the Ford Ranger T6, the Mazda BT-50 is mechanically identical to the Ranger, using the 2.2L and 3.2L Duratorq diesels (as the rebranded MZ-CD engines). In the reverse of Mazda truck tradition in global markets, the second-generation BT-50 was developed by Ford. As the BT-50 was styled using the work of a separate design team, the two vehicles share almost no common body panels, with the exception of the roof stamping and the window glass.

While the global Ford Ranger is entering production for the United States and Canada for the 2019 model year, Mazda North America has no current plans to market any version of the Mazda BT50 in North America. .

Troller T4[edit]

Troller T4 (pre-redesign)

The Troller T4 is an off-road vehicle produced in Brazil by Ford subsidiary Troller Veículos Especiais S/A that has been produced since 2004. Using a similar body and chassis configuration as the Jeep Wrangler and Land Rover, in 2014, Troller modernized the T4, replacing the entire chassis with a version of the Ranger frame shortened to fit the T4 body.

North American sales and production[edit]

Following its launch, the Ford Ranger T6 was marketed worldwide, with the exception of the United States and Canada. In the early 2010s, Ford shifted its design attention in North America towards increasing the fuel economy of full-size pickup trucks, with the shift towards direct-injection and turbocharged engines and aluminum-intensive body design for the F-Series pickup trucks.

Conversely, while the Ranger was not marketed in North America at all, the American-designed Ford F-150/Super Duty trucks were not sold widely in global markets (with exceptions being Mexico, Chile, the Caribbean, the Cayman Islands, Suriname, Ecuador, Peru, and GCC countries of the Middle East[19][20]). Along with the lack of demand for larger vehicles, taxes on engine displacement, and fuel economy concerns, the F-Series trucks also lack factory right-hand drive capability.[21]

Initial exclusion[edit]

Following the discontinuation of retail sales of the Ford Ranger compact pickup truck produced in North America after the 2011 model year, several factors would lead Ford to decide against launching North American sales of the globally-produced Ranger T6 as a replacement. While developed for truck markets worldwide, none of the engines of the Ranger were common to American-market Ford vehicles, which meant the challenge of adapting to the emissions standards of the United States and Canada (one later met, as Ford certified the 3.2L Duratorq diesel, as sales of the Ford Transit commenced for the 2015 model year). In addition, as the US and Canada are not ECE-compliant, global-market vehicles intended for sale in North America typically are required to undergo modifications to meet safety and emissions standards for the United States and Canada.

While safety and emissions adaptations for the Ranger would have likely been challenges that Ford could have been able to plan for in a potential product launch, the largest hurdle was related to its production in Thailand, Argentina, and South Africa. If imported into North America, the Ranger T6 would have been subject to the 25% "chicken tax", imposed on imported light trucks. Along with the potentially massive tariff, the largest factor that precluded the initial sale of the Ranger T6 was its own design. Closer in size to the Ford Explorer Sport Trac than the discontinued Ranger, the Ranger T6 had entered the mid-size truck segment. In a similar decision, at the same time, Ford ended development of a separate mid-sized pickup based on the F-Series (considered a potential F-100 revival).[22][23]

Market return[edit]

At the end of 2015, North American production of the Ranger T6 came to light, as Ford Motor Company and the UAW union signed an agreement for the Michigan Assembly Plant in Wayne, Michigan. As part of a $700 million factory retooling, Ford would replace production of the Ford Focus and Ford C-Max at Michigan Assembly with the Ford Ranger, scheduled for calendar 2018, and a Ford Bronco variant scheduled for a 2020 release.[24][15]

At the 2017 North American International Auto Show, Ford confirmed the return of the Ranger and Bronco for North America, with the unveiling of the production 2019 Ford Ranger T6 in North American specification at the 2018 North American International Auto Show, going on sale at the end of 2018.[25]

North American production (2019- )[edit]

The North American-market Ford Ranger was unveiled at the 2018 North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) in Detroit, Michigan. Coinciding with the unveiling, Ford announced that the Ranger would be made available for order in late summer 2018, with deliveries beginning in early 2019. To adapt to North American specifications, Ford made several changes to the Ranger T6. To accommodate US crash standards and to increase its payload, the frame rails were redesigned, becoming fully boxed. The front fascia and bumper were redesigned slightly, replacing the integrated plastic bumper with a steel bumper mounted separately from the bodywork. The tailgate was modified to allow locking capability (shared with the F-Series), gaining an integrated spoiler.

The two-door standard-cab Ranger is not sold in North America, with only the four-door SuperCab (2+2 doors) and SuperCrew (4 doors) offered; both versions are five-passenger vehicles (front bucket seats, three-passenger rear bench seat). While the Ranger is available with several different engine and transmission options in other markets, all 2019 examples sold in North America will be powered by the 2.3L EcoBoost twin-turbocharged inline-four gasoline engine mated to a 10-speed automatic transmission. While offered in both rear-wheel and part-time four-wheel drive, all Rangers in North America are produced using the "HiRider" chassis of the 4x4 Ranger T6. As of the 2019 model year, neither the Ranger Raptor nor the Ranger Wildtrak are announced variants for the United States or Canada.

In August of 2018, Ford opened the order banks for the 2019 Ranger, also announcing pricing, and launching the "Build-and-Price" tool on their website. The 2019 Ford Ranger will be available in three trim levels: base XL, mid-range XLT, and range-topping Lariat. [26]

Starting at $24,300, the base XL trim includes features such as sixteen-inch (16") silver-painted steel wheels, an A/M-F/M stereo with auxiliary audio input and USB port, and a four-speaker audio system, cloth seating surfaces, and power windows and door locks. Options include aluminum-alloy wheels, a six-speaker audio system, and carpeted flooring with floor mats.

Starting at $27,940, the mid-level XLT trim adds more convenience features to the base XL trim, such as an A/M-F/M stereo with single-disc CD/MP3 player, auxiliary audio input and USB port, a FordPass 4G LTE internet connection, seventeen-inch (17") aluminum-alloy wheels, keyless entry, carpeted flooring with floor mats, Ford SYNC with Bluetooth hands-free phone and wireless audio streaming capabilities, and a six-speaker audio system. Options include a SYNC 3 infotainment system with Apple CarPlay and Android Auto capabilities and GPS navigation, SiriusXM Satellite Radio and Travel Link, remote start and a leather-wrapped steering wheel.

Starting at $32,210, the range-topping Lariat trim adds luxury features to the mid-level XLT trim, such as the SYNC 3 infotainment system with GPS navigation, SiriusXM Satellite Radio and Travel Link, and Apple CarPlay and Android Auto capabilities, polished aluminum-alloy wheels, a leather-wrapped steering wheel, additional chrome exterior accents, keyless access with push-button ignition, luxury leather-trimmed seating surfaces, and LED front headlamps. Options include remote start, a Bang & Olufsen B&O Play premium amplified audio system, and rain-sensing windshield wipers.

There are several different appearance packages available for each 2019 Ranger trim level. The base XL trim offers the STX Appearance Package, which adds options such as aluminum-alloy wheels, Ford SYNC, and a six-speaker audio system. Mid-level XLT and range-topping Lariat trims offer two different appearance packages: either the Sport Appearance Package, which adds features such as upgraded aluminum-alloy wheels and darkened exterior accents, and the Chrome Appearance Package, which adds features such as polished aluminum-alloy wheels, and additional chrome exterior accents. An FX-4 Off-Road Package is available on all 4X4-equipped models, adding features such as side pickup box FX-4 Off-Road decals, an off-road suspension package, and on/off-road tires.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lasco, Jay (25 Feb 2018). "First 2019 Ford Ranger Rolls Off The Line In Michigan". The Lasco Press. Retrieved 22 March 2018. 
  2. ^ "Ranger specifications". ford.co.id. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Dowling, Joshua; Sainsbury, Michael (1 Oct 2016). "Meet the factory workers in Thailand that will take our jobs once Australia's car manufacturing industry closes". The Daily Telegraph (Sydney Australia). News Corp. Australia. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Levine, Mike. "First Look: All-New 2011 Ford Ranger "T6" Global Pickup Truck". PickupTrucks.com. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  5. ^ Kong, Benson. "New Global Ford Ranger Unveiled, Still Not Planned for U.S." Truck Trend. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  6. ^ "New Ford ranger". 
  7. ^ a b Ford.com.Au – Ranger Power & Performance Specifications per Australian Design Rule 81/02 combined cycle
  8. ^ a b https://paultan.org/2018/02/12/first-look-2018-ford-ranger-raptor-in-thailand/
  9. ^ Vijayenthiran, Viknesh. "2015 Ford Edge Previewed By 2013 L.A. Auto Show Concept". Motor Authority. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Glon, Ronan. "Ford previews Australia-bound Everest SUV". Left Lane News. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  11. ^ Turkus, Brandon. "Ford Australia debuts Ranger-based Everest SUV concept". AutoBlog. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "Ford Philippines--SUVs". Ford Philippines. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "JMC manufacturers the Ford Everest for the Chinese market". Chinaautoweb.com. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  14. ^ Ford NAIAS 2017: Official Press Conference Livestream
  15. ^ a b "Ford plans to build Ranger at Michigan Assembly" from Detroit News (August 25, 2015)
  16. ^ Halas, John. "Ford Boss Raj Nair Says New Bronco Will Be 'Completely Unique' From Everest, But Will Share Chassis". Carscoops. Retrieved 14 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "Jiangling Ford Starts Rolling Out the Everest SUV in Nanchang". Chinaautoweb.com. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  18. ^ "JMC's first passenger car". chinaautoweb.com. Retrieved 19 November 2015. 
  19. ^ Ford Middle East All Vehicles (English)
  20. ^ Ford Mexico Trucks (Spanish)
  21. ^ Bowman, Zach. "U.S.-spec Ford Ranger to officially end production in 2011, Ford explains why". Autoblog. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  22. ^ WSJ.com – Ford Plans New F-150 with Aluminum Body – Michael Ramsey, 27 July 2012 AM
  23. ^ Harley, Michael. "Ford F-100 put on hold". Autoblog. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  24. ^ Priddle, Alisa; Snavely, Brent. "How Ford will spend $9B on plants, secure 8,500 jobs". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 18 December 2015. 
  25. ^ https://media.ford.com/content/fordmedia/fna/us/en/news/2018/01/14/an-american-favorite-reinvented--new-ford-ranger-brings-built-fo.html
  26. ^ https://shop.ford.com/build/ranger/#/select/Config%5B%7CFord%7CRanger%7C2019%7C1%7C1.%7C100A.R4E.....CAB.RETAIL.99H.RWD.44U.XL.%5D

External links[edit]

Ranger[edit]

Everest/Endeavour[edit]