Fordingbridge

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Fordingbridge
Church of St Mary the Virgin, Fordingbridge - geograph.org.uk - 1116433.jpg
Church of St Mary the Virgin, Fordingbridge
Fordingbridge is located in Hampshire
Fordingbridge
Fordingbridge
Location within Hampshire
Population5,998 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSU148142
Civil parish
  • Fordingbridge
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townFORDINGBRIDGE
Postcode districtSP6
Dialling code01425
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°55′39″N 1°47′24″W / 50.9275°N 1.7901°W / 50.9275; -1.7901Coordinates: 50°55′39″N 1°47′24″W / 50.9275°N 1.7901°W / 50.9275; -1.7901

Fordingbridge is a town and broader civil parish with a population of 6,000 on the River Avon in the New Forest District of Hampshire, England, near the Dorset and Wiltshire borders and on the edge of the New Forest, famed for its late medieval seven-arch bridge.[2]

It is 81 miles (130 km) southwest of London, and 10 miles (16 km) south of the city of Salisbury. Fordingbridge is a former market town. The Avon Valley Path passes through the town. The town excluding linear settlement Sandleheath (included in its headline population with other outlying houses, totalling 1,526 residents) has a density of 30.2 persons per hectare (7820 per sq. mi.).[3] Since 1982 Fordingbridge has been twinned with Vimoutiers in Normandy, France.

Overview[edit]

The Great Bridge, from which the town received its present name, is a major feature of the town. It has seven arches and can be seen from the town's large riverside park and recreation ground. The park contains a children's play area, secluded memorial gardens, and large sports playing field. A bronze statue of the painter and former resident Augustus John stands on the banks of the Avon near the Great Bridge. St. Mary's Church, which has some typical Norman characteristics, is located in the south of the town. The church has a memorial to James Alexander Seton, last British person killed in a duel in England.[4]

Statue of Augustus John
Town Hall

Known as the northern gateway to the New Forest, Fordingbridge is popular with tourists, with various campsites, pubs and restaurants, and other tourist facilities locally. The Fordingbridge Museum, with many local and forest history exhibits, and the Visitor Information Centre are located within King's Yard, Salisbury Street. The town's high street is well known for its pubs, cafes and local shops, and the town also has its own Cinema, within the buildings of an old pottery. Rockbourne Roman Villa is in the nearby village of Rockbourne which sits 3 miles (5 km) northwest of Fordingbridge. The village of Breamore is 3 miles north of Fordingbridge and is home to Elizabethan country house, Breamore House.

Fordingbridge Hospital is a small community hospital built within the grounds of a Victorian workhouse. Most of the older buildings have been redeveloped into private housing, however, the Hospital site still houses an inpatient ward, as well as limited outpatients services. Fordingbridge Doctors Surgery is on the same site in Bartons Road. Fordingbridge Hospital was used as a COVID-19 vaccination centre from 2020.

The local comprehensive school is The Burgate School And Sixth Form Centre, in Burgate, a small hamlet to the north of the town.

Fordingbridge is home to Fordingbridge Turks FC, one of the oldest football clubs in England, established circa 1868. The Turks name seems to derive from wishing to emulate the determination shown by Ottoman forces at Siege of Plevna.[5] Fordingbridge Turks FC play their matches at the recreation ground. 'The Rec' is also home to Fordingbridge Rugby Club.

Geography[edit]

The parish of Fordingbridge contains the hamlets of Burgate to the north, Cripplestyle to the east, Bickton to the south, and Ashford to the west. Burgate and Bickton are settlements dating back to the time of the Domesday Book, and Bickton was in male heads of households greater than Fordingbridge in 1086.[6] Criddlestyle is an ancient manor, also known as East Mill, with a history dating back to the 14th century.[7] The largest hamlet today is Ashford, which was the location of an ancient watermill,[7] and was also the location of Fordingbridge railway station until it was closed in 1964. Also near to Fordingbridge is the hamlet of Tinkers Cross approximately 1.1 miles (1.8 km) northwest from the town centre.

The villages of Sandleheath, Damerham, Rockbourne, Whitsbury, Breamore, Woodgreen, Godshill and Hyde all sit within the 5 miles of Fordingbridge and are all within the county of Hampshire. Alderholt is southwest of Fordingbridge and is part of Dorset.

Fordingbridge is north of Ringwood and Bournemouth, south of Downton and Salisbury which are all linked by the A338 road.

History[edit]

Fordingbridge is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 under the name Forde.[8] The manor was held by a certain Robert from "Robert the son of Gerald".[8] Prior to 1066 it had been held by Alwy from King Edward.[8] At the beginning of the 13th century Fordingbridge was held by Hugh de Linguire, who, dying around 1231, left a niece and heir Alice, wife of William de la Falaise.[7] From that date Fordingbridge followed the same descent as Rowner.[7]

The manor was held by Elias de la Falaise at his death in 1254, and his brother William died in possession of the manor in the same year.[9] Before 1277 the property had escheated to the Crown by the felony of William de la Falaise, grandson of William, and was granted in that year to Sir William le Brune, chamberlain to the king.[9] The manor then stayed solidly in the Brune family until the death of Charles Brune in 1769, when the family became extinct in the male line.[9] By his will his estates eventually devolved onto his grand-nephew the Rev. Charles Prideaux-Brune of Prideaux Place, Padstow, Cornwall, and the manor then remained in the possession of the Prideaux-Brune family.[9]

The lord of the manor had a market before 1273: it was held weekly first on Saturday and then on Friday until the middle of the 19th century, when it was discontinued.[7] A fair was held on 9 September.[7] From the 13th to the 15th century Fordingbridge was governed by a bailiff, and then in later centuries by a constable chosen yearly at the court leet of the manor of Lower Burgate.[7] The constable was the chief officer until 1878, when government by Local District Council was established.[7] A fire in the town on 23rd May 1702 destroyed 43 dwelling houses,[10] which were never rebuilt.[7] The Town Hall, built in 1879, is almost in the centre of the town.[7]

Fordingbridge Railway Station

Cloth was made here in the 16th century, and in the 19th century there were factories for the manufacture of sailcloth and canvas and the spinning of flax.[7] By 1900 the chief industries of the town were the manufacture of sailcloth and canvas and the making of bricks and tiles, and there were various flour mills, an iron foundry, and the Neave's food works.[7]

Fordingbridge railway station was opened in 1866 but closed in 1964. It was originally just outside the town, on the road leading to Sandleheath. Today, the road is still called Station Road; however, the spot where the station once stood is now occupied by a large mill and industrial park. The site is next to the recently reopened 'Railway Hotel'. The Station connected the town with Salisbury to the north and Poole to the south, as part of the Salisbury and Dorset Junction Railway.

The Great Bridge[edit]

The Great Bridge, viewed from the southwest
The seven-arched bridge over the River Avon

The first bridge at Fordingbridge was built before 1252, when the bailiff and men of the town received a grant of pontage for one year towards its repairs.[7] Several similar grants followed, the last being dated in 1452.[7] The bridge is 40 metres long and consists of seven stone arches, and it is the one of the two bridges with seven arches in the UK.[11] The bridge brought much traffic through the town.[7] At the east end of the bridge was a Saint John the Baptist Hospital (hospitalry) for poor travellers.[12] It was founded 1272, and dissolved 1546;[12] some foundation walls remain, but no other remains.[12]

A custom which survived until 1840 obliged the lord of Fordingbridge during one summer month known as "fence month" to keep the bridge guarded and arrest anyone found taking venison from the New Forest.[7] Significant alterations were made in 1841 when both sides were widened, adding 45 cm to the width of the bridge.[11] The original arches are still visible, being smaller in span than the 19th-century additions.[11] A reinforced concrete footpath on one side was added in 1901 to widen the bridge.[11]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Town population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : New Forest Retrieved 27 July 2010
  3. ^ https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/reports/localarea?compare=1119883825
  4. ^ Ross, David. "Fordingbridge, St Mary's Church". Britain Express. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  5. ^ Gannaway, Norman (1993). Fordingbridge Turks Football Club,1868–1993. p. 8.
  6. ^ Bickton, NFDC Archived 22 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Victoria County History of Hampshire: Fordingbridge
  8. ^ a b c Domesday Map – Fordingbridge
  9. ^ a b c d Victoria County History of Hampshire: Rowner
  10. ^ Fordingbridge on fire by N.R. Webb - Hampshire Family Historian pages 111 to 112, Volume 15, issue 2, 1988
  11. ^ a b c d Salisbury and Fordingbridge Ancient Bridge, www.engineering-timelines.com
  12. ^ a b c Hampshire Treasures Volume 5 (New Forest) Page 141 Archived 9 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "BBC Inside Out". BBC. 2 October 2006. Retrieved 17 March 2007.

External links[edit]