Fordwich

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Fordwich
Town Hall, Fordwich, Kent.jpg
Fordwich Town Hall
Fordwich is located in Kent
Fordwich
Fordwich
Location within Kent
Area1.81 km2 (0.70 sq mi)
Population381 (civil parish 2011)[1]
• Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTR179597
• London65.8 miles
Civil parish
  • Fordwich
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCANTERBURY
Postcode districtCT2
Dialling code01227
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°17′42″N 1°07′34″E / 51.295°N 1.126°E / 51.295; 1.126Coordinates: 51°17′42″N 1°07′34″E / 51.295°N 1.126°E / 51.295; 1.126

Fordwich /ˈfɔːrdwɪ/ is a remnant market town and a civil parish in east Kent, England, on the River Stour, northeast of Canterbury.

It is the smallest community by population in Britain with a town council.[2] Its population increased by 30 between 2001 and 2011.[1]

History[edit]

Fordwich is listed in the 1086 Domesday Book as a small village.[3] The town grew in the Middle Ages as a port for boats on their way upriver to Canterbury. All of the Caen stone used by the Normans to rebuild Canterbury Cathedral in the 12th and 13th centuries was landed at Fordwich. It later became a limb of the Cinque Ports. It lost its status as a town in 1880 when it no longer had a Mayor and Corporation. However, in a reorganisation in 1972, Fordwich was again made a town. Fordwich Town Hall was rebuilt in or shortly before 1544.[4]

The ancient Church of St Mary the Virgin, now redundant but open to the public, and in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust, contains part of a carved sarcophagus reputed to have contained the remains of St Augustine of Canterbury.[5] The 16th-century building next the Town Hall, now known as Watergate House, was the family home of John and Gregory Blaxland, early 19th-century pioneers of Australia.[6]

Culture and community[edit]

Bridge over the Stour

There are two pubs in the town, the George & Dragon and Fordwich Arms. Fordwich gained angling and fishing repute from Izaak Walton for its "Fordidge trout", one of the largest types found.[7]

Cottage dated 1650

See also[edit]

  • Broughton in Furness with as few as 529 residents
  • Stockbridge in Hampshire, with a population of 592
  • Manningtree in Essex, another claimant for smallest town in England, with 700 people in 20 hectares
  • Llanwrtyd Wells in Wales, another claimant for smallest town in Britain, has a population of 850

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density Archived 20 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 14 October 2016
  2. ^ Matthews, Peter (1992), The Guinness Book of Records, 1993, Guinness World Records Limited, ISBN 978-0-85112-978-5
  3. ^ Open Domesday Online: Fordwich Archived 14 January 2019 at the Wayback Machine, accessed January 2019.
  4. ^ Archaeologia Cantiana. Vol. 112. Kent Archaeological Society. 1994. p. 116.
  5. ^ St Mary's Church, Fordwich, Kent: A walk round guide (PDF), Churches Conservation Trust, archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2012, retrieved 2 April 2011
  6. ^ "A picture-perfect retreat from the world, in an ideal spot in England's smallest town". Country Life. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  7. ^ Izaak Walton (1653). "Chapter 4 Observations of the nature and breeding of the Trout, and how to fish for him. And the Milk-maids Song.". The Compleat Angler. ISBN 978-1500247553.

External links[edit]