Fordyce, Arkansas

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Fordyce, Arkansas
The historic Fordyce Home Accident Insurance Company building in downtown Fordyce, 2007
The historic Fordyce Home Accident Insurance Company building in downtown Fordyce, 2007
Location of Fordyce in Dallas County, Arkansas.
Location of Fordyce in Dallas County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 33°48′53″N 92°24′52″W / 33.81472°N 92.41444°W / 33.81472; -92.41444Coordinates: 33°48′53″N 92°24′52″W / 33.81472°N 92.41444°W / 33.81472; -92.41444
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyDallas
Area
 • Total6.81 sq mi (17.65 km2)
 • Land6.81 sq mi (17.65 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
285 ft (87 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,396
 • Density498.39/sq mi (192.42/km2)
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
ZIP Code
71742
Area code870
FIPS code05-24220
GNIS feature ID0049160

Fordyce is a small town in Dallas County, Arkansas, United States. Its population has been decreasing since the 1980's when the town reached an all time high of 5,175.[2] The population in 2020 was 3,396 [3] down from 4,300 at the 2010 census,[4] and from 4,799 in 2000.

The city is the county seat,[5] home to the 1911 Dallas County Courthouse.

Within Fordyce there are 19 sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Fordyce Home Accident Insurance Company. The town was named for Samuel W. Fordyce.[6]

Geography[edit]

Fordyce is located in southeastern Dallas County, with the city's southern border following the Calhoun County line. U.S. Routes 79 and 167 bypass the city center to the north and west, while Arkansas Highway 8 passes through the downtown area. US 79 leads northeast 42 miles (68 km) to Pine Bluff and southwest 31 miles (50 km) to Camden, while US 167 leads north 35 miles (56 km) to Sheridan and south 51 miles (82 km) to El Dorado. AR 8 leads southeast 26 miles (42 km) to Warren and northwest 49 miles (79 km) to Arkadelphia.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Fordyce has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.5 km2), all land.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890980
19001,71074.5%
19102,79463.4%
19202,9967.2%
19303,2067.0%
19403,4297.0%
19503,7549.5%
19603,8903.6%
19704,83724.3%
19805,1757.0%
19904,729−8.6%
20004,7991.5%
20104,300−10.4%
20203,396−21.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2014 Estimate[8]

2020 census[edit]

Fordyce racial composition[9]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,242 36.57%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,879 55.33%
Native American 5 0.15%
Asian 5 0.15%
Other/Mixed 147 4.33%
Hispanic or Latino 118 3.47%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,396 people, 1,398 households, and 808 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,300 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 53.3% Black, 42.0% White, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race and 1.1% from two or more races. 2.6% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 4,799 people, 1,737 households, and 1,186 families living in the city. The population density was 727.8 inhabitants per square mile (281.0/km2). There were 2,024 housing units at an average density of 307 square miles (800 km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.61% White, 49.66% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.75% from other races, and 0.38% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,737 households, out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,297, and the median income for a family was $30,120. Males had a median income of $24,971 versus $15,553 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,118. About 16.2% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The town was once segregated with separate public schools, the one for white children was the Fordyce Grammar School and the school for black children was the J. E. Wallace Elementary School.[2] Public education is provided by the Fordyce School District. The city and surrounding area is served by and elementary, middle and Fordyce High School. The school's athletic teams are the Redbugs.

Notable people[edit]

The town of Fordyce and Dallas County have the highest number of inductees into the Arkansas Sports Hall of Fame in the state.[11]

Industry[edit]

Top employers:[13]

  • Georgia Pacific Corporation - Plywood Plant (355 employees as of 2008)
  • Millcreek of Arkansas (270 employees as of 2008)
  • Fordyce School District (197 employees as of 2008)
  • Fordyce Picture Frames (160 employees as of 2008)
  • International Paper Company (158 employees as of 2008)
  • Georgia Pacific Corporation - OSB Plant (130 employees as of 2008)
  • Dallas County Nursing Home (95 employees as of 2008)
  • First Step, Incorporated (50 employees as of 2008)
  • Transitech, Incorporated (50 employees as of 2008)
  • Lyon Folder Company (35 employees as of 2008)

History[edit]

Before European settlement the area was inhabited by the Caddo people, whose artifacts are occasionally found.[2] The land that became Fordyce was partially cleared prior to 1850 by W. W. Killabrew, an early settler.[2] In the 1870's the land was owned by an African American named Henry Atkinson who sold it to Dr. Algernon Sidney Holderness for $118, who built the very first sawmill in town.[2]

Samuel Wesley Fordyce

The town of the town of Fordyce was named for Samuel Wesley Fordyce. Little construction took place until 1881 when four railroad lines were constructed in the Dallas County, one of which was surveyed by Samuel Fordyce.[11] The St. Louis Southwestern Railway Company was completed in 1883[14] under Fordyce's management, which he operated for sixteen years.[15] The rail line called the Cotton Belt Line passed thru the town of Fordyce until 1940 when the rail lines were abandoned, and trucks on the roads replaced the trains.[11]

By 1890 Fordyce was the largest town in the county and on April 8, 1908 it became incorporated [2] and the seat of Dallas County.[11][2]

The Fordyce Lumber Co. was formed in February 1892 by Charles Warner Gates, John Wenzel Watzek and Edward Savage Crossett. Within four years of starting the Fordyce Lumber Co., the partners began the Crossett Lumber Co. in 1899. The city of Crossett is named after Edward Savage Crossett. On March 10, 1907, the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (CRI&PR) connected the town of Crossett to Fordyce. The (CRI&PR) allowed timber and lumber to move between the sawmills in Crossett to Fordyce that were owned by Charles Warner Gates, John Wenzel Watzek and Edward Savage Crossett.[16]

The first high school football team in the state of Arkansas was started in Fordyce in 1904.[11]

On July 5, 1975 The Rolling Stones band members Keith Richards and Ron Wood were arrested in Fordyce for reckless driving, carrying an illegal weapon- a hunting knife, and less than two grams of cocaine said to belong to a passenger in the car. They drank soda pop at the City Hall and called the British Embassy while a crowd gathered outside, but were released some hours later after paying $162.50 in bail and then they forfeited bond- not appearing on their court date. 31 years later in 2006 Richards was pardoned for the incident by the governor at the time Mike Huckabee.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Encyclopedia of Arkansas". Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved June 17, 2022.
  3. ^ "2020 Decennial Census : Fordyce city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fordyce city". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 9, 2015.[dead link]
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2015-05-09. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ Samuel Wesley Fordyce in The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Arkansas Tourism Official Site: Fordyce". State of Arkansas. Retrieved June 17, 2022.
  12. ^ "Cory Carr Stats | Basketball-Reference.com".
  13. ^ "Fordyce, Arkansas: Top Employers". Archived from the original on 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
  14. ^ [1] Samuel Wesley Fordyce (1840–1919)
  15. ^ Copied from Wikipedia, see that article for references and history
  16. ^ [2]| Good as gold, the timber industry celebrates a birthday at Crossett and Fordyce|Kim Harper| Journal Publishing, Inc. | Arkansas Business (Vol. 9, Issue 13)| 1992
  17. ^ "Encyclopedia of Arkansas". Encyclopedia of Arkansas: Arrest of the Rolling Stones. State of Arkansas. Retrieved June 17, 2022.

External links[edit]