Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010

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Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010
State Emblem of India
Parliament of India
  • An Act to consolidate the law to regulate the acceptance and utilisation of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality by certain individuals or associations or companies and to prohibit acceptance and utilisation of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality for any activities detrimental to the national interest and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Passed byRajya Sabha
Passed19 August 2010
Passed byLok Sabha
Passed27 August 2010
Assented to26 September 2010
Commenced1 May 2011
Legislative history
First chamber: Rajya Sabha
Introduced18 December 2006
Committee reportDepartment-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs One hundred and thirty fourth report on The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Bill, 2006
Amended by
The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Act, 2020
Status: Amended

The Foreign Contribution (regulation) Act, 2010 is an act of the Parliament of India, by the 42nd Act of 2010. It is a consolidating act whose scope is to regulate the acceptance and utilisation of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality by certain individuals or associations or companies and to prohibit acceptance and utilisation of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality for any activities detrimental to the national interest and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.[1] It is designed to correct shortfalls in the predecessor act of 1976. The bill received presidential assent on 26 September 2010.


Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Act, 2020[edit]

The Minister of Home Affairs, Amit Shah introduced the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2020, which made several changes to the existing Act, including making it mandatory for office bearers of any non-governmental organisation (NGO) to provide their Aadhaar numbers. It also gives the government the power to hold a "summary enquiry" to prevent an organization from using foreign funds. These changes were intended to increase transparency regarding the use of foreign money for non-governmental organisations.[2][3]

The Bill was unanimously passed by the Lok Sabha on 21 September 2020. The Rajya Sabha unanimously passed the bill on 23 September 2020.

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Act, 2022[edit]

The Centre has also omitted provision ‘b’ in rule 13, which dealt with declaring foreign funds including details of donors, amount received, and date of receipt every quarter on its website. Now only once a year the organizations in FCRA can file the audited balance sheet in the website of the Ministry or also on their own website.[4]


A number of NGOs receiving foreign funding are seen by the India's central government as involved in anti-development activism and hence posing a negative impact on the economic growth by two to three per cent. An Intelligence Bureau report titled 'Impact of NGOs on Development,’ claims the NGOs and their international donors are also planning to target many fresh economic development projects.[5]

Home ministry has cancelled some more registrations including top 8 national educational institutions such as –Jawaharlal Nehru University, IIT-Kanpur and Jamia Milia Islamia saying that these institutes are not maintaining proper FCRA account.[6] So, unless their registrations are restored, these institutions cannot receive contributions from abroad.Later the FCRA status of Jamia Milia Islamia was restored in September 2012 following the submission of its report to the government.[7] The Ministry of Home Affairs has since clarified that Jamia is exempt from all provisions of the FCRA and therefore there is no bar on Jamia to receive/spend foreign contributions.[8]

The Union Home Ministry has cancelled renewal of Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) licences of Greenpeace India and two NGOs run by activist Teesta Setalvad who is an Indian civil rights activist and journalist. Greenpeace has been charged with obstructing development activities in India by the Government of India in 2013 (Under congress led UPA government) after intelligence Bureau inputs. Greenpeace India is charged with undertaking protests against thermal power, nuclear power, coal and aluminium mining across the India. GreenPeace has also been charged with promoting Solar energy equipment of US based Zemlin Surface Optical Corporation especially in Bihar.[9] Greenpeace India admitted to anchoring local protests against coal mines and participating in seminars where foreign funding is sought for protests but clarified that the source of funding does not lessen the seriousness of harm to the environment.[10] According to IB (Intelligence Bureau) report, Greenpeace poses threat to national economic security, growing exponentially in reach, impact, volunteers and media influence.[11]

Teesta Setalvad is the secretary of Citizens for Justice and Peace (CJP), an organisation which lays its agenda as fighting for justice for the victims of communal violence in the state of Gujarat in 2002. CJP is a co-petitioner seeking a criminal trial of Narendra Modi, the then Chief Minister of Gujarat and the current Prime minister of India, and sixty-two other politicians and government officials for complicity in the Gujarat violence of 2002 and whose names did not figure in any of the FIRs /charge sheets that formed the subject matter of the various Session Trials regarding the riots at that point of time. However, the actions against Greenpeace were initiated in 2013 based on a report issued by IB during UPA rule led by Congress party which is an arch political rival of Narendra Modi.

In September 2015, Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) cancelled the FCRA registration of Greenpeace India, making impossible any foreign donation to Greenpeace India. The measure was said to have been executed on the grounds of "prejudicially affecting the public interest and economic interest of the state".[12]

Recently, another NGO Compassion International had to shut down India operations after the government refused permission to accept foreign funding.[13] Earlier, Compassion International was put on the "watch list" by the Home Ministry amid reports by security agencies that it was funding unregistered Indian NGOs which were accused of encouraging religious conversions. The Obama administration as well as the Trump administration pursued the case in the highest level amid the risk of a diplomatic tussle.[14]

At the 2017 "peer review" by the UN Human Rights Council held at Geneva, Indian government faced tough questioning by fellow nations. The attack on the FCRA act came from nearly a dozen countries, mostly from Europe. The charge was led by the U.S. and Germany, who called the Act and the government's actions "arbitrary".[15]

On September 29, 2020, human rights watchdog Amnesty International declared that it was wrapping up its Indian operations and shutting offices due to a 'complete freeze' on its finances by the Narendra Modi-led National Democratic Alliance government after the FCRA was amended earlier that month.[16]

FCRA Bribery Scams[edit]

CBI has initiated a raid against FCRA officials and NGOs involved in series of scams to facilitate clearances of files and also those who demand money upon receiving foreign funds. While the Home Ministry[17] plans to overhaul the entire FCRA division, CBI has started questioning multiple officers with suspicion that there could be many within the Home Ministry involved in these scams carried out by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. [1] [2]

See also[edit]


  • The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010. Universal Law Publishing.
  • Commercial's Law Relating to Foreign Contributions in India: Based on New the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010. Commercial Law Publishers (India). 2011.
  1. ^ "The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010" (PDF).
  2. ^ "LS passes Bill making Aadhaar mandatory for NGOs to receive foreign funds".
  3. ^ "Lok Sabha passes bill to amend Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act | India News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  4. ^ "Govt amends FCRA rules, allows kin to freely send ₹10 lakh". Hindustan Times. 3 July 2022. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  5. ^ PTI. "NGOs stance on development projects to hit growth: IB". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  6. ^ Menon, Sreelatha (8 October 2012). "New FCRA rules leave NGOs fuming". Business Standard India. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Jamia can receive and spend foreign funds". 21 September 2012.
  8. ^ "Jamia Millia Islamia University FCRA Registration Restored".
  9. ^ "12 Foreign Nationals behind stir against power". Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Foreign NGOs giving a push to protestors?". 25 October 2012. Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  11. ^ "IB report to PMO: Greenpeace is a threat to national economic security". 11 June 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  12. ^ Singh, Vijaita. "Greenpeace India's registration cancelled". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  13. ^ Singh, Suhasini Haidar, Vijaita. "Compassion International to shut down India operations". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 May 2017.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ Safi, Michael (3 February 2017). "Christian charity set to withdraw from India after funding blocked". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  15. ^ Haidar, Suhasini. "U.S., Germany slam India for new funding norms". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  16. ^ "Amnesty International India Halts Its Work on Upholding Human Rights in India Due to Reprisal from Government of India - Amnesty International India". Archived from the original on 24 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  17. ^ "Home ministry plans overhaul of FCRA division". Hindustan Times. 13 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.

External links[edit]