List of former foreign enclaves in China

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The following is a list of former foreign enclaves in China.

Country Foreign Enclave Location (modern name) Year Established Year Dissolved Note
(International) Shanghai International Settlement Shanghai 1863 1945 Merger of British and American concessions
(International) Beijing Legation Quarter Beijing 1861 1945
(International) Gulangyu Island Xiamen 1903 1945
Austria-Hungary Austro-Hungarian concession in Tianjin Tianjin 1902 1917
Belgium Belgian concession in Tianjin Tianjin 1902 1931
 France Kwang-Chou-Wan leased territory Zhanjiang 1898 1946
 France French Concession Shanghai 1849 1946
 France French Concession in Shamian Island, Guangzhou Guangzhou 1861 1946
 France French Concession in Hankou Hankou 1896 1946
 France French concession in Tianjin Tianjin 1861 1946
 France French Railway, Kunming Kunming 1904 1940 After the French, WWII saw a significant influx of American troops.
German Empire Germany Kiautschou Bay leased territory Qingdao 1898 1914
German Empire Germany German concession in Hankou Hankou 1895 1917
German Empire Germany German concession in Tianjin Tianjin 1895 1917
Kingdom of Italy Italy Italian concession in Tianjin Tianjin 1901 1947
Empire of Japan Japan Kwantung Leased Territory/South Manchuria Railway Zone Dalian 1905 1945 Obtained from Russia
Empire of Japan Japan Kiautschou Bay leased territory Qingdao 1914 1922 Obtained from Germany
Empire of Japan Japan Japanese concession in Tianjin Tianjin 1898 1943
Empire of Japan Japan Japanese concession in Hankou Hankou 1898 1943
Empire of Japan Japan Japanese concession in Chongqing Chongqing 1897 1943
Empire of Japan Japan Japanese concession in Suzhou Suzhou 1897 1943
Empire of Japan Japan Japanese concession in Hangzhou Hangzhou 1897 1943
Empire of Japan Japan Japanese concession in Shashi Shashi 1898 1943
Portugal Macau Macau 1557 1999
Russian Empire Russia Russian Dalian Dalian 1898 1905
Russian Empire Russia Russian concession in Tianjin Tianjin 1900 1924
Russian Empire Russia Russian concession in Hankou Hankou 1896 1924
Russian Empire Russia Chinese Eastern Railway, Harbin Harbin 1896 1952
British Empire United Kingdom Hong Kong Hong Kong 1841 1997
British Empire United Kingdom Weihaiwei leased territory Weihai 1898 1930 Liugong Island remained under British control as a separate territory until 1940
British Empire United Kingdom Liugong Island Weihai 1930 1940 Formerly part of Weihaiwei leased territory since 1898
British Empire United Kingdom British concession in Tianjin Tianjin 1860 1943
British Empire United Kingdom British concession in Hankou Hankou 1861 1927
British Empire United Kingdom British concession in Jiujiang Jiujiang 1861 1927
British Empire United Kingdom British concession in Zhenjiang Zhenjiang 1861 1929
British Empire United Kingdom British concession in Shamian Island, Guangzhou Guangzhou 1861 1945
British Empire United Kingdom British concession in Amoy Xiamen 1852 1930
British Empire United Kingdom British concession in Shanghai Shanghai 1846 1863 Merged to form Shanghai International Settlement
British Empire United Kingdom Trading warehouses at Tengchong (Tengyue) Yunnan Late 19th/early 20th century. Still standing, with bullet holes. British diplomat Augustus Margary murdered here 1875. Consulate built 1921.
 United States American concession in Shanghai Shanghai 1848 1863 Merged to form Shanghai International Settlement
 United States American concession in Tianjin Tianjin 1860 1902 Merged to form British concession in Tianjin

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