List of countries by external debt

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This is a list of countries by external debt, which is the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods or services, where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms) it could actually be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it.

List of countries by external debt
Rank Country/Region External debt
US dollars
Date Per capita
US dollars
% of GDP
1  United States 18,152,809,942,589 31 December 2016[1] 56,000 97
2  United Kingdom 7,554,815,500,000 31 December 2016[2] 119,000 314
3  France 5,104,831,200,000 31 December 2016[3] 75,800 210
4  Germany 5,002,093,100,000 31 December 2016[4] 61,700 148
5  Netherlands 3,945,974,400,000 31 December 2016[5] 234,000 525
6  Luxembourg 3,932,580,200,000 31 December 2016[6] 6,733,000 6,731
7  Japan 3,645,534,000,000 31 December 2016[7] 26,400 74
8  Italy 2,265,430,500,000 31 December 2016[8] 37,900 126
9  Ireland 2,235,142,300,000 31 December 2016[9] 471,000 780
10  Spain 2,032,000,000,000 31 December 2016[10] 44,100 167
11  Canada 1,754,375,600,000 31 December 2016[11] 46,800 116
12   Switzerland 1,719,445,000,000 31 December 2016[12] 204,000 265
13  Australia 1,603,542,800,000 31 December 2016[13] 59,000 126
14  China 1,420,657,200,000 31 December 2016[14] 1,000 13
 Hong Kong 1,329,506,400,000 31 December 2016[15] 180,000 414
15  Singapore 1,316,296,100,000 31 December 2016[16] 227,000 453
16  Belgium 1,203,060,800,000 31 December 2016[17] 105,000 254
17  Sweden 853,689,600,000 31 December 2016[18] 86,200 177
18  Brazil 671,647,290,000 31 December 2016[19] 3,200 38
19  Austria 630,428,500,000 31 December 2016[20] 74,200 167
20  Norway 625,999,000,000 31 December 2016[21] 117,000 169
21  Russia 529,651,000,000 31 March 2017 est.[22] 3,700 40
22  Denmark 485,100,200,000 31 December 2016[23] 85,900 163
23  Greece 466,130,000,000 31 December 2016[24] 42,800 246
24  India 456,066,000,000 31 December 2016[25] 340 24
25  Finland 452,747,200,000 31 December 2016[26] 81,700 196
26  Portugal 429,970,800,000 31 December 2016[27] 41,900 216
27  Mexico 412,033,600,000 31 December 2016[28] 3,200 38
28  Turkey 404,182,300,000 31 December 2016[29] 5,000 47
29  South Korea 380,949,000,000 31 December 2016[30] 7,500 27
30  Poland 335,941,000,000 31 December 2016[31] 8,700 70
31  Indonesia 321,703,590,000 28 February 2017[32] 1,200 34
32  United Arab Emirates 220,400,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[33] 23,500 59
33  Malaysia 210,396,900,000 31 December 2016[34] 6,800 74
34  Saudi Arabia 200,900,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[35] 6,100 31
35  Argentina 192,461,700,000 31 December 2016[36] 4,400 36
36  New Zealand 185,781,900,000 31 December 2016[37] 40,300 100
 Taiwan 172,238,000,000 31 December 2016[38] 7,400 33
 Puerto Rico 167,400,000,000 31 January 2015 est. 47,800 164
37  Chile 165,101,000,000 28 February 2017[39] 9,000 66
38  Kazakhstan 163,757,700,000 31 December 2016[40] 9,100 122
39  Qatar 159,200,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[41] 68,100 102
40  Hungary 147,261,000,000 31 December 2016[42] 15,000 121
41  South Africa 142,833,000,000 31 December 2016[43] 2,600 48
42  Czech Republic 137,606,000,000 31 December 2016[44] 13,000 70
43  Thailand 131,362,470,000 31 March 2017[45] 2,000 33
44  Colombia 121,097,200,000 31 January 2017[46] 2,500 43
45  Cyprus 115,253,900,000 31 December 2016[47] 97,200 597
46  Ukraine 113,483,000,000 31 December 2016[48] 2,600 122
47  Venezuela 110,878,000,000 30 September 2015[49] 3,500 23
48  Romania 98,781,500,000 28 February 2017[50] 5,100 55
49  Malta 93,771,100,000 31 December 2016[51] 223,000 879
50  Israel 89,438,400,000 31 December 2016[52] 10,700 28
51  Slovakia 79,504,800,000 31 December 2016[53] 14,600 91
52  Philippines 74,762,900,000 31 December 2016[54] 720 25
53  Peru 74,651,200,000 31 December 2016[55] 2,300 38
54  Pakistan 74,126,100,000 31 December 2016[56] 380 26
55  Iraq 68,010,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[57] 1,800 44
56  Egypt 67,322,600,000 31 December 2016[58] 700 38
57  Morocco 48,211,500,000 31 December 2016[59] 1,400 44
58  Vietnam 48,052,700,000 31 December 2014[60] 500 26
59  Kuwait 47,890,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[61] 11,700 43
60  Sri Lanka 46,585,700,000 31 December 2016[62] 2,200 59
61  Slovenia 45,917,500,000 28 February 2017[63] 22,200 109
62  Croatia 45,124,800,000 31 January 2017[64] 10,700 87
63  Sudan 45,000,000,000 31 December 2015[65] 1,100 47
64  Latvia 39,728,800,000 31 December 2016[66] 20,400 147
65  Angola 37,700,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[67] 1,400 41
66  Belarus 37,567,400,000 31 December 2016[68] 4,000 22
67  Lithuania 35,971,200,000 31 December 2016[69] 12,700 86
68  Ecuador 34,616,500,000 28 February 2017[70] 2,100 35
69  Bulgaria 34,231,500,000 28 February 2017[71] 4,900 70
70  Serbia 28,667,000,000 31 December 2016[72] 3,300 78
71  Lebanon 27,796,000,000 31 December 2016[73] 4,600 54
72  Jordan 27,159,700,000 31 December 2016[74] 3,400 30
73  Cuba 26,320,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[75] 2,300 34
74  Uruguay 26,149,200,000 31 December 2016[76] 7,600 50
75  Dominican Republic 26,050,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[77] 2,400 36
76  Bangladesh 25,963,000,000 30 June 2016[78] 160 12
77  Tunisia 25,124,700,000 31 December 2012[79] 2,200 56
78  Iceland 24,988,000,000 31 December 2016[80] 74,700 117
79  Costa Rica 24,910,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[81] 5,100 43
80  Mongolia 23,784,800,000 30 September 2016[82] 7,800 186
81  Ethiopia 22,490,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[83] 220 32
82  Papua New Guinea 22,040,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[84] 2,800 111
83  Trinidad & Tobago 21,532,100,000 31 December 2016 [85] 15,700 76
84  Ghana 21,170,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[86] 700 50
85  Bahrain 21,160,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[87] 14,900 66
86  Oman 20,850,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[88] 4,400 35
87  Estonia 20,525,100,000 31 December 2016[89] 15,700 91
88  Guatemala 19,090,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[90] 1,100 28
89  Palau 18,380,000,000 31 December 2014 est.[91] 846,000 6,209
90  Kenya 17,941,400,000 31 December 2016[92] 370 26
91  Bahamas 17,560,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[93] 44,200 194
92  Panama 17,108,200,000 31 March 2017[94] 4,200 31
93  Jamaica 16,760,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[95] 6,000 122
94  Monaco 16,500,000,000 30 June 2010 est. 434,000 240
95  Paraguay 16,122,400,000 31 December 2016[96] 2,400 58
96  Tanzania 15,890,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[97] 280 34
97  Uzbekistan 15,750,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[98] 500 24
98  Georgia 15,496,200,000 31 December 2016[99] 3,900 108
99  El Salvador 14,900,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[100] 2,400 56
100  Laos 11,980,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[101] 1,700 87
101  Nigeria 11,406,300,000 31 December 2016[102] 60 3
102  Nicaragua 11,100,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[103] 1,800 83
103  Zimbabwe 10,900,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[104] 670 77
104  Mauritius 10,890,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[105] 8,500 93
105  Ivory Coast 10,028,100,000 31 December 2015[106] 420 28
106  Armenia 9,951,800,000 31 December 2016[107] 3,300 56
107  Cambodia 9,824,400,000 31 December 2016[108] 600 49
108  Mozambique 9,554,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[109] 320 79
109  Zambia 9,270,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[110] 540 45
110  Albania 8,475,900,000 31 December 2016[111] 2,900 73
111  Honduras 8,042,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[112] 1,000 38
112  Kyrgyzstan 7,866,800,000 31 December 2016[113] 1,300 120
113  Macedonia 7,645,500,000 31 December 2016[114] 3,700 74
114  Cameroon 7,375,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[115] 300 24
115  Yemen 7,191,500,000 31 January 2015[116] 260 21
116  Iran 7,116,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[117] 90 2
117  Azerbaijan 6,913,200,000 31 December 2016[118] 1,300 20
118  Moldova 6,594,700,000 31 December 2016[119] 1,600 98
119  Namibia 6,515,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[120] 2,500 64
120  Myanmar 6,401,200,000 31 December 2015[121] 120 17
121  Bolivia 6,340,800,000 31 December 2015[122] 600 19
122  Uganda 6,241,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[123] 150 24
123  Senegal 6,186,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[124] 390 42
124  Syria 5,918,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[125] 300 24
125  Democratic Republic of the Congo 5,331,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[126] 70 13
126  Gabon 5,158,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[127] 2,900 35
127  North Korea 5,000,000,000 2013 est.[128] 200 18
128  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,891,900,000 31 December 2016[129] 1,300 31
129  Republic of the Congo 4,817,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[130] 1,000 55
130  Barbados 4,490,000,000 2010 est.[131] 15,700 100
131  Madagascar 4,007,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[132] 160 41
132  Mali 3,626,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[133] 200 26
133  Mauritania 3,585,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[134] 840 76
134  Libya 3,531,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[135] 550 9
135    Nepal 3,450,200,000 31 July 2015[136] 120 16
136  Algeria 3,139,000,000 30 June 2016[137] 80 2
137  Burkina Faso 3,092,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[138] 160 26
138  Somalia 3,054,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[139] 270 52
139  Niger 2,729,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[140] 130 36
140  Montenegro 2,665,400,000 31 December 2015[141] 4,300 66
141  Seychelles 2,552,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[142] 26,200 180
142  Rwanda 2,442,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[143] 200 29
 Bermuda 2,435,000,000 2015 est.[144] 39,700 47
143  Benin 2,340,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[145] 200 26
144  Guyana 2,303,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[146] 3,000 67
145  Tajikistan 2,274,100,000 31 December 2016[147] 260 35
146  Bhutan 2,261,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[148] 2,900 108
 Kosovo 2,204,600,000 31 December 2016[149] 1,200 34
147  Haiti 2,022,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[150] 180 24
148  Malawi 1,921,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[151] 100 35
149  Chad 1,875,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[152] 130 18
150  Botswana 1,685,400,000 31 March 2017[153] 720 12
 Palestine 1,662,000,000 31 March 2016 est.[154] 340 17
151  Cape Verde 1,660,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[155] 3,100 99
152  Sierra Leone 1,561,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[156] 230 36
153  Equatorial Guinea 1,364,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[157] 1,500 12
154  Djibouti 1,339,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[158] 1,500 71
155  Guinea 1,332,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[159] 100 20
156  Belize 1,327,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[160] 3,500 75
157  Afghanistan 1,280,000,000 FY-2010/11[161] 40 7
158  Suriname 1,235,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[162] 2,200 30
159  Togo 1,173,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[163] 150 26
160  Liberia 1,111,000,000 31 December 2016 est.[164] 230 51
161  Guinea-Bissau 1,095,000,000 31 December 2010 est.[165] 570 94
162  Lesotho 948,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[166] 430 53
 Faroe Islands 888,800,000 2010[167] 18,400 38
163  Fiji 833,400,000 31 December 2016 est.[168] 900 18
164  Eritrea 820,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[169] 150 15
165  Maldives 741,600,000 2014 est.[170] 2,000 23
166  Burundi 705,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[171] 60 26
 Aruba 693,200,000 31 December 2014 est.[172] 6,600 28
167  Central African Republic 686,900,000 31 December 2016 est.[173] 130 39
168  Grenada 679,000,000 2013 est.[174] 6,300 66
169  The Gambia 541,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[175] 260 61
170  Saint Lucia 513,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[176] 2,700 36
171  Turkmenistan 502,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[177] 90 1
172  Solomon Islands 491,500,000 31 December 2013 est.[178] 800 40
173  Swaziland 470,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[179] 360 14
174  Samoa 447,200,000 31 December 2013 est.[180] 2,300 51
175  Antigua and Barbuda 441,200,000 31 December 2012[181] 4,700 34
176  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 321,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[182] 2,900 42
177  Timor-Leste 311,500,000 31 December 2014 est.[183] 250 12
178  Dominica 288,600,000 31 December 2016 est.[184] 3,900 55
179  Sao Tome and Principe 236,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[185] 1,200 67
180  Tonga 233,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[186] 2,200 54
181  Vanuatu 208,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[187] 750 27
182  Saint Kitts and Nevis 187,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[188] 3,300 20
 Cook Islands 141,000,000 1996 est.[189] 6,700 58
183  Comoros 133,300,000 31 December 2016 est.[190] 160 21
 New Caledonia 112,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[191] 420 1
184  Marshall Islands 97,960,000 2013 est.[192] 1,800 52
185  Federated States of Micronesia 93,600,000 2013 est.[193] 900 29
 Cayman Islands 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,100 7
 Greenland 36,400,000 2010[194] 650 2
186  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.[195] 3,200 22
 British Virgin Islands 17,670,000 31 December 2016 [196] 570 2
187  Kiribati 13,600,000 2013 est.[197] 120 8
 Montserrat 8,900,000 1997[198] 1,700 20
 Anguilla 8,800,000 1998[199] 590 5
 Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004[200] 280 6
188  Brunei 0 2014[201] 0 0
188  Liechtenstein 0 2001[202] 0 0
 Macau 0 31 December 2013[203] 0 0
 Niue 0 27 October 2016[204] 0 0
190  Andorra N/A
190  San Marino N/A
190  South Sudan N/A
190  Tuvalu N/A

See also[edit]

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External links[edit]