Foreign relations of Austria
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politics and government of
The 1955 Austrian State Treaty ended the four-power occupation and recognized Austria as an independent and sovereign state. In October 1955, the Federal Assembly passed a constitutional law in which "Austria declares of her own free will her perpetual neutrality." The second section of this law stated that "in all future times Austria will not join any military alliances and will not permit the establishment of any foreign military bases on her territory." Since then, Austria has shaped its foreign policy on the basis of neutrality.
In recent years, however, Austria has begun to reassess its definition of neutrality, granting overflight rights for the UN-sanctioned action against Iraq in 1991, and, since 1995, contemplating participation in the EU's evolving security structure. Also in 1995, it joined the Partnership for Peace, and subsequently participated in peacekeeping missions in Bosnia. Discussion of possible Austrian NATO membership intensified during 1996. ÖVP and the Team Stronach aim at moving closer to NATO or a European defense arrangement. SPÖ and FPÖ, in turn, believe continued neutrality is the cornerstone of Austria's foreign policy, and a majority of the population generally supports this stance.
In February 2000, Austria's foreign relations cooled down when the ÖVP formed a coalition with the FPÖ after the 1999 election. European governments imposed diplomatic sanctions, and the United States called home its ambassador. The diplomatic sanctions were lifted in September 2000, after a three-member panel assessed human rights and political life in Austria. In November 2000, the United States and Austria normalized their relations.
Austrian leaders emphasize the unique role the country plays as an East-West hub and as a moderator between industrialized and developing countries. Austria is active in the United Nations and experienced in UN peacekeeping efforts. It attaches great importance to participation in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and other international economic organizations, and it has played an active role in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
Vienna hosts the Secretariat of the OSCE and the headquarters of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, and the United Nations Drug Control Programme. Other international organizations based in Vienna include the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, the Organization for International Economic Relations (OiER) and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Recently, Vienna added the preparatory commission for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization and the Wassenaar Arrangement (a technology-transfer control agency) to the list of international organizations it hosts.
Austria traditionally has been active in "bridge-building to the east," increasing contacts at all levels with Eastern Europe and the states of the former Soviet Union. Austrians maintain a constant exchange of business representatives, political leaders, students, cultural groups, and tourists with the countries of central and eastern Europe. Austrian companies are active in investing and trading with the countries of central and eastern Europe. In addition, the Austrian Government and various Austrian organizations provide assistance and training to support the changes underway in the region.
Austria maintains significant bilateral relations with several countries.
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Canada||1929||See Austria–Canada relations
|Chile||1846||See Austria–Chile relations|
|Colombia||1920||see Austria–Colombia relations
|Croatia||1992-01-15||See Austria–Croatia relations
|Czech Republic||1920-01-20||See Austria – Czech Republic relations
Austria has an embassy in Prague and two honorary consulates (in Brno and České Budějovice). The Czech Republic has an embassy in Vienna and five honorary consulates (in Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, and Salzburg). Both countries are full members of the European Union. They share 362 km of common border, which can be crossed anywhere without border control due to the Schengen Agreement.
|Denmark||1925-12-19||See Austria-Denmark relations
|France||1535||See Austria–France relations
|Georgia||1992||See Austria–Georgia relations
Georgia opened its Embassy in Vienna in 1996.
|Germany||See Austria–Germany relations
Due to German being the common language of these two neighboring European countries relations between them are close.
|Hungary||1921||See Austria–Hungary relations
|India||1949||See Austria–India relations|
|Iran||See Austria–Iran relations|
|Israel||1949||See Austria–Israel relations
See also History of the Jews in Austria.
|Italy||See Austria–Italy relations
|Japan||1869-10||See Austria–Japan relations
|Malaysia||1962-08-06||See Austria–Malaysia relations|
|Mexico||1842||See Austria–Mexico relations
As of 2005, Mexico was Austria's second most important trade partner in Latin America. The same year, the President of Austria Heinz Fischer visited Mexico and Brazil, the first ever state visit of an Austrian President to countries in Latin America.
|Moldova||1992-03-25||See Austria–Moldova relations|
|Pakistan||1956||See Austria–Pakistan relations|
|People's Republic of China||1971-05-28|
Main article: Austria–Philippines relations
|Russia||See Austria–Russia relations|
|Saudi Arabia||1957-09-10||See Austria – Saudi Arabia relations|
|Serbia||1874||See Austria–Serbia relations
Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1874.
|Slovakia||See Austria–Slovakia relations
|North Korea||1974||See Foreign relations of North Korea|
|South Korea||1892 As Chosun Dynasty/1963-05-22||See Austria – South Korea relations
|Turkey||See Austrian–Turkish relations|
|Ukraine||1992||See Austria–Ukraine relations
|United Kingdom||1799||See Austria – United Kingdom relations
|United States||1921||See Austria – United States relations|
- List of diplomatic missions in Austria
- List of diplomatic missions of Austria
- Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs (Austria)
- Visa requirements for Austrian citizens
- Watson, Paul; Dahlburg, John-Thor (2000-02-05). "Austria’s Far Right Is Sworn Into Office". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- Daley, Suzanne (2000-09-13). "Europe Lifts Sanctions on Austria, but Vows Vigilance". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "U.S., Austria Normalize Ties as Reaction to Rightists Eases". Los Angeles Times. 2000-11-09. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- Australian embassy in Vienna
- "Außenministerium Österreich -> Botschaft -> Canberra". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Bilateral Relations between Austria and Australia". Austrian Embassy Canberra. Retrieved 19 November 2008.
- "Austria-born" (PDF). Department of Immigration and Citizenship (Australia). Retrieved 19 November 2008.
- "Äèïëîìàòè÷åñêèå ïðåäñòàâèòåëüñòâà Ðåñïóáëèêè Áåëàðóñü". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Belarusian embassy in Vienna (in Belarusian and German only)
- Austrian embassy in Brussels (in Dutch, French and German)
- "Belgian embassy in Vienna". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Bulgarian embassy in Vienna
- "Bulgariens Präsident von pünktlichem EU-Beitritt 2007 überzeugt" (in German). Federal President of the Republic of Austria. Retrieved 19 November 2008.
- "Austrian Foreign Ministry -> Embassy -> Ottawa". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Canadian embassy in Vienna
- "Außenministerium Österreich -> Botschaft -> Santiago de Chile". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Bilaterale Beziehungen" (in German). Austrian Embassy in Bogota. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- Austrian embassy in Bogota (in German and Spanish only)
- "embcol.or.at". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Austrija - MVEP • Hrvatski". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Danish embassy in Vienna (in Danish and German only)
- Austrian embassy in Cairo (in German only)
- Egyptian embassy in Vienna
- Egypt State Information Service Joint press conference between President Mubarak and Austrian President March 14, 2006
- "Estonian Embassy in Vienna". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Suomen suurlähetystö, Wien". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Austrian embassy in Paris (French and German only)
- "La France en Autriche". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Embassy of Georgia to Austria". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
Diplomatic relations between Georgia and Republic of Austria were established in 1992. Georgia opened its Embassy in Vienna in 1996. The relations between the two countries are close and friendly. Georgia appreciates Support of Austrian Government in different fields of bilateral relations. In addition the commercial and cultural ties are also very important, but do not reflect its full potential and has a big prospective to develop.
- Austrian embassy in Budapest (in German and Hungarian only)
- Hungarian embassy in Vienna (in German and Hungarian only)
- "English > Austurríki > The Icelandic Foreign Services". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Indo-Austria Relations
- Austrian Embassy in India
- Indian embassy in Austria
- "Seanad Éireann - Volume 116 - 09 July 1987". Office of the Houses of the Oireachtas. pp. . Retrieved 2008-11-22.
- "McAleese State visit to Austria". Radio Telefís Éireann. 2006-07-19. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
- "Austrian Foreign Ministry -> Embassy -> Tel Aviv". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Israelische Botschaft in Österreich". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Austrian embassy in Rome (in German and Italian only
- Italian embassy in Vienna (in German and Italian only
- "Austrian Foreign Ministry -> Embassy -> Tokyo". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Japanese embassy in Vienna
- "Plassnik: "Letter on Kosovo’s recognition signed"" (Press release). Austrian Foreign Ministry. 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2008-02-29.
- "LR ambasada Austrijos Respublikoje". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Austrian Embassy Kuala Lumpur". The Austrian Foreign Ministry. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "Official Website of Embassy of Malaysia, Vienna". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- Reinhart Zimmermann (2008). "Österreichs Wirtschaftsbeziehungen in Südostasien (Austrian Economic Relations to South-East Asia)" (PDF) (in German). Society for South-East Asian Studies. p. 80. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "Sorry. The page you are looking for does not exist" (PDF). Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Sorry. The page you are looking for does not exist" (PDF). Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Lateinamerika und die Karibik" (in German). Austrian Foreign Ministry. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- "Mexico wants artifact back". International Herald Tribune. 2005-06-02. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- "Viertägiger Staatsbesuch in Mexiko" (in German). Federal President of the Republic of Austria. Retrieved 17 November 2008.
- "Außenministerium Österreich -> Embajada -> México". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Bienvenidos a la portada". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Relations with Austria". Moldovan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- Austrian embassy in The Hague (in Dutch and German only)
- "Nederlandse Ambassade in Wenen, Oostenrijk". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "EMBASSY OF PAKISTAN IN AUSTRIA". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Embassy of Pakistan in Austria". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Foreign Embassies and Consulates in Austria". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Foreign Embassies and Consulates in Pakistan". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Austrian embassy in Beijing (in German and Chinese only)
- Austrian general consulate in Shanghai (in German and Chinese only)
- "Austrian Foreign Ministry -> Embassy -> Hong Kong". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Botschaft der Volksrepublik China in der Republik Österreich". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Celebration: National Day of the Republic of Austria
- Austrian embassy in Warsaw (in German and Polish only)
- "Placówki Dyplomatyczne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "AMBASADA ROMÂNIEI în Republica Austria". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Austrian embassy in Seoul (in German and Korean only)
- South Korean embassy in Vienna
- "Bundespräsident Heinz Fischer zu Staatsbesuch in Südkorea eingetroffen" (in German). Federal President of the Republic of Austria. Retrieved 18 November 2008.
- Austrian Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties with South Korea (in German only)
- Austrian embassy in Kiev (in German and Ukrainian only)
- "Посольство України в Республіці Австрія". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Austrian Foreign Ministry -> Embassy -> London". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "UK and Austria". Retrieved 20 February 2015.