Foreign relations of Denmark

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Former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and current Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen hold a joint press conference, April 2010.
Former U.S. President George W. Bush and former Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen hold a joint press conference outside Marienborg, July 2005.

The foreign policy of Denmark is based on its identity as a sovereign nation in Europe. As such its primary foreign policy focus is on its relations with other nations as a sovereign independent nation. Denmark has long had good relations with other nations. It has been involved in coordinating Western assistance to the Baltic states (Estonia,[1] Latvia, and Lithuania).[2] The country is a strong supporter of international peacekeeping. Danish forces were heavily engaged in the former Yugoslavia in the UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR), with IFOR,[3] and now SFOR.[4] Denmark also strongly supported American operations in Afghanistan and has contributed both monetarily and materially to the ISAF.[5] These initiatives are a part of the "active foreign policy" of Denmark. Instead of the traditional adaptative foreign policy of the small country, Denmark is today pursuing an active foreign policy, where human rights, democracy and other crucial values is to be defended actively. In recent years, Greenland and the Faroe Islands have been guaranteed a say in foreign policy issues, such as fishing, whaling and geopolitical concerns.

Following World War II, Denmark ended its two-hundred-year-long policy of neutrality. Denmark has been a member of NATO since its founding in 1949, and membership in NATO remains highly popular.[6] There were several serious confrontations between the U.S. and Denmark on security policy in the so-called "footnote era" (1982–88), when an alternative parliamentary majority forced the government to adopt specific national positions on nuclear and arms control issues. The alternative majority in these issues was because the Social liberal Party (Radikale Venstre) supported the governing majority in economic policy issues, but was against certain NATO policies and voted with the left in these issues. The conservative led Centre-right government accepted this variety of "minority parliamentarism", that is, without making it a question of the government's parliamentary survival.[6] With the end of the Cold War, however, Denmark has been supportive of U.S. policy objectives in the Alliance.

Danes have enjoyed a reputation as "reluctant" Europeans. When they rejected ratification of the Maastricht Treaty on 2 June 1992, they put the EC's plans for the European Union on hold.[7] In December 1992, the rest of the EC agreed to exempt Denmark from certain aspects of the European Union, including a common defense, a common currency, EU citizenship, and certain aspects of legal cooperation (the 4 Danish Opt-outs). The Amsterdam Treaty was approved in the referendum of 28 May 1998. In the autumn of 2000, Danish citizens rejected membership of the Euro currency group in a referendum. The Lisbon treaty was ratified by the Danish parliament alone.[8] It was not considered a surrendering of national sovereignty, which would have implied the holding of a referendum according to article 20 of the constitution.[9] Currently, the Danish government wants a referendum on the opt-outs from the EU-treaty, but the prospect of the opt-outs perhaps being rejected does not look appealing. The issue is being postponed for the time being, or until a large coalition of political parties support holding a referendum.[10][note 1]

International disputes[edit]

  • Rockall. A continental shelf dispute involving Iceland, Ireland, and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area)[11]
  • Hans Island. An island located between Greenland and Canadian Arctic islands. Unresolved boundary disputed between Canada and Denmark (Denmark controls Greenland's foreign relations). This dispute flared up again in July 2005 following the visit of a Canadian minister to the disputed island.[12]
  • North Pole. Denmark is trying to prove that the North Pole is geographically connected to Greenland. If such proof is established, Denmark will claim the North Pole.[13]
  • Maritime border with Poland. Denmark and Poland have still not agreed on the location of the maritime border between the two countries. Denmark supports a border halfway between the two countries; Poland wants to be awarded an even greater share of the Baltic Sea. The Polish position is based on the argument that Poland owns a longer coast line than the Danish island of Bornholm.[14]

Europe[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Albania 29 May 1970[15] See Albania–Denmark relations
 Andorra 4 May 1994[18]
  • Andorra is represented in Denmark through a non-resident ambassador based in Andorra La Vella.[19]
  • Denmark is represented in Andorra, through its embassy in Madrid.[20]
 Armenia 14 January 1992[21] See Armenia–Denmark relations
  • Armenia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[22]
  • Denmark is represented in Armenia, through its embassy in Kiev.[23]
 Austria 19 December 1925[24] See Austria–Denmark relations
  • Austria has an embassy in Copenhagen.[25]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Vienna.[26]
 Azerbaijan 2 April 1992[27] See Azerbaijan–Denmark relations
  • Azerbaijan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in the United Kingdom.[28]
  • Denmark is represented in Azerbaijan, through its embassy in Turkey.[29]
 Belarus 4 February 1992[30][31] See Belarus–Denmark relations
  • Belarus is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Sweden.[32]
  • Denmark is represented through its embassy in Moscow.[33]
 Belgium 25 February 1837[34] See Belgium–Denmark relations
  • Belgium has an embassy in Copenhagen.[35]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Brussels.[36]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 June 1992[37] See Bosnia and Herzegovina–Denmark relations
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina has an embassy in Copenhagen.[38]
  • Denmark is represented in Bosnia and Herzegovina through its embassy in Ljubljana.[39]
 Bulgaria 17 April 1931[40] See Bulgaria–Denmark relations
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Copenhagen.[41]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Sofia.[42]
 Cyprus 2 November 1960[43] See Cyprus–Denmark relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Copenhagen.[44]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Nicosia.[45]
 Czech Republic 1 January 1993[46] See Czech Republic–Denmark relations
  • Czech Republic has an embassy in Copenhagen.[47]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Prague.[48]
 Croatia 1 February 1992[49] See Croatia–Denmark relations
  • Croatia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[50]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Zagreb.[51]
 Estonia 5 February 1921[note 2][52] See Denmark–Estonia relations
 Finland 18 February 1918[56] See Denmark–Finland relations
 France See Denmark–France relations
 Georgia 1 July 1992[61] See Denmark–Georgia relations
  • Denmark is represented in Georgia through its embassy in Ukraine.[62]
  • Georgia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[63]
 Germany See Denmark–Germany relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Berlin.[64]
  • Germany has an embassy in Copenhagen.[65]
 Greece See Denmark–Greece relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Athens.[66]
  • Greece has an embassy in Copenhagen.[67]
 Hungary 10 May 1948[68] See Denmark–Hungary relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Budapest.[69]
  • Hungary has an embassy in Copenhagen.[70]
 Iceland 1920[71] See Denmark–Iceland relations
 Ireland January 1962[74] See Denmark–Ireland relations
 Italy 2 September 1861[77] See Denmark–Italy relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Rome,[78] and a consulate general in Milan.[79]
  • Italy has an embassy in Copenhagen.[80]
 Kosovo 21 February 2008[81] See Denmark–Kosovo relations
  • Denmark recognized Kosovo on 21 February 2008.[82]
  • Denmark is represented in Kosovo, through its embassy in Tirana.[83]
 Latvia 7 February 1921[note 3][84] See Denmark–Latvia relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Riga.[85]
  • Latvia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[86]
 Liechtenstein
  • Liechtenstein is represented in Denmark through its embassy in Switzerland.[87]
 Lithuania 18 July 1923[note 4][88] See Denmark–Lithuania relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Vilnius.[90]
  • Lithuania has an embassy in Copenhagen.[91]
 Luxembourg
  • Denmark has an embassy in the city of Luxembourg.[92]
  • Luxembourg has an embassy in Copenhagen.[93]
 Macedonia 8 April 1993[94] See Denmark–Republic of Macedonia relations
  • Denmark is represented in Macedonia, through its embassy in Vienna.[94]
  • Macedonia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[95]
 Malta
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Valletta.[96]
  • Malta has an embassy in Copenhagen.[19]
 Moldova 20 January 1992[97] See Denmark–Moldova relations
  • Denmark is represented in Moldova through its embassy in Bucharest.[98]
  • Moldova is represented in Denmark through its embassy in Berlin.[97]
 Monaco 16 July 2011[99]
  • Denmark is represented in Monaco, through its embassy in Paris.[100]
 Montenegro 15 June 2006[101] See Denmark–Montenegro relations
  • Denmark is represented in Montenegro through its embassy in Serbia.[102]
  • Montenegro is represented in Denmark through a non-resident ambassador based in Podgorica.[19]
 Netherlands 9 October 1649[note 5][103] See Denmark–Netherlands relations
 Norway 26 October 1905 See Denmark–Norway relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Oslo.[106]
  • Norway has an embassy in Copenhagen.[107]
 Poland 7 July 1945[108] See Denmark–Poland relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Warsaw.[109]
  • Poland has an embassy in Copenhagen.[110]
 Portugal 1641[111][112] See Denmark–Portugal relations
  • Portugal has an embassy in Copenhagen.[113]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Lisbon.[114]
 Romania 13 April 1917[115] See Denmark–Romania relations
 Russia 8 November 1493[118] See Denmark–Russia relations
 San Marino 13 June 1972[121]
  • Denmark is represented in San Marino through its embassy in Rome.[122]
  • San Marino is represented in Denmark through a non-resident ambassador based in City of San Marino.[19]
 Serbia 1917[123] See Denmark–Serbia relations
 Slovakia 1 January 1993[127] See Denmark–Slovakia relations
 Slovenia 15 January 1992[130] See Denmark–Slovenia relations
 Spain See Denmark–Spain relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Madrid.[133]
  • Spain has an embassy in Copenhagen.[134]
 Sweden 13 December 1570[note 6][135] See Denmark–Sweden relations
  Switzerland See Denmark–Switzerland relations
 Ukraine 31 December 1991[139] See Denmark–Ukraine relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Kiev.[140]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Copenhagen.[141]
 United Kingdom See Denmark–United Kingdom relations
  • The United Kingdom has an embassy in Copenhagen.[142]
  • Denmark has an embassy in London.[143]
  Vatican City 2 August 1982[144]
  • Denmark's diplomatic relations with the Vatican City were established in 1982 after having been suspended since the reformation in 1536.
  • Denmark is represented in the Vatican City, through its embassy in Bern.[145]

Americas[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Argentina 20 January 1841[146]
 Belize 15 November 1991[149]
  • Denmark is represented in Belize, through its embassy in Nicaragua.[150]
 Bolivia See Bolivia–Denmark relations
  • Bolivia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[151]
  • Denmark has an embassy in La Paz.[152]
 Brazil 1829[153] See Brazil–Denmark relations
 Canada See Canada–Denmark relations
  • Canada has an embassy in Copenhagen.[156]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Ottawa.[157]
 Chile See Chile–Denmark relations
 Colombia 18 May 1935[160]
  • Colombia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Bogotá.[161]
 Costa Rica
 Ecuador 1841[163]
 El Salvador
  • Denmark has a consulate in San Salvador.[150]
  • A treaty of Commerce and Navigation was signed on 9 July 1958.[165]
 Guatemala 12 January 1995[166]
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Guatemala City.[150]
 Guyana 16 November 1979[167]
  • Denmark is represented in Guyana, through its embassy in Brasília.[168]
  • Guyana is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Honduras
  • Denmark have a consulate general in Tegucigalpa.[150]
  • Honduras is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[169]
 Mexico 19 July 1827[170] See Denmark–Mexico relations
 Nicaragua See Denmark–Nicaragua relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Managua.[173]
  • Nicaragua has an embassy in Copenhagen.[174]
 Panama 30 June 1937[175]
 Paraguay 18 July 1903[176]
  • Paraguay is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.
  • Denmark is represented in Paraguay, through its embassy in Buenos Aires.[177]
  • Denmark also has an honorary consulate in Asunción.
 Peru
  • Peru is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Lima.[178]
 Suriname
  • Denmark is represented in Suriname, through its embassy in Brasília.[179]
  • Denmark have a consulate in Paramaribo.[180]
 United States 1801[181] See Denmark–United States relations
 Uruguay
  • Denmark is represented in Uruguay, through its embassy in Buenos Aires.[186]
  • Uruguay is represented in Denmark through an embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Venezuela 26 March 1835[187] See Denmark–Venezuela relations
  • Venezuela has an embassy in Copenhagen.[188]
  • Denmark is represented in Venezuela, through its embassy in Brasília.[189]

Caribbean[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Antigua and Barbuda 28 October 1985[190]
 Bahamas June 1991[192]
  • Denmark is represented in Bahamas, through its embassy in Mexico, Denmark has a consulate in Nassau.[193]
 Barbados 20 August 1979[194]
  • Denmark is represented in Barbados, through its embassy in Mexico City.[195]
  • Barbados is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Cuba 29 June 1911[196]
 Dominica 1985[199]
  • Denmark is represented in Dominica, through its embassy in Mexico.[200]
 Dominican Republic 17 December 1851[201]
  • Denmark is represented in the Dominican Republic, through its embassy in Mexico.[202]
  • Dominican Republic is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Grenada
  • Denmark is represented in Grenada, through its embassy in Mexico.[203]
  • Grenada is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Haiti 1826[204]
  • Denmark is represented in Haiti, through its embassy in Mexico.[205]
  • Haiti is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Jamaica 14 October 1974[206]
  • Denmark is represented in Jamaica, through its embassy in Mexico.[207]
  • Jamaica is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis None[208]
  • Denmark is represented in St. Kitts and Nevis, through its embassy in Washington D.C.[209]
 Saint Lucia 1982[210]
  • Denmark is represented in St. Lucia, through its embassy in Mexico.[211]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 19 September 1985[212]
  • Denmark is represented in St. Vincent and the Grenadines, through its embassy in Mexico.[213]
 Trinidad and Tobago
  • Denmark is represented in Trinidad and Tobago, through its embassy in Mexico.[214]
  • Denmark have a consulate general in Port of Spain.[214]

Middle East[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Bahrain 10 August 1974[215]
  • Denmark is represented in Bahrain, through its embassy in Riyadh.[216] Denmark also has a Royal Consular Agency in Manama.[216]
  • Bahrain is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Egypt See Denmark–Egypt relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Cairo.[217]
  • Egypt has an embassy in Copenhagen.[19]
 Iran 30 November 1857[218] See Denmark–Iran relations
 Iraq See Denmark–Iraq relations
 Israel 12 July 1950[223] See Denmark–Israel relations
 Jordan 1958[226]
  • Denmark is represented in Jordan, through its embassy in Damascus.[227]
  • Jordan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Kuwait 1964[228]
  • Denmark is represented in Kuwait, through its embassy in Riyadh.[229]
  • Kuwait is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Lebanon
  • Denmark has an embassy in Beirut.[230]
  • Lebanon is represented in Denmark through its embassy in Stockholm.[231]
 Oman 9 July 1979[232]
  • Denmark is represented in Oman, through its embassy in Riyadh.[233]
  • Oman is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Palestinian Authority None See Denmark–Palestine relations
 Qatar
  • Denmark is represented in Qatar, through its embassy in the United Arab Emirates.[236]
  • Qatar is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in the Hague.[19]
 Saudi Arabia 1975[237]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Riyadh.[238]
  • Saudi Arabia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[239]
 Syria 1950[240] See Denmark–Syria relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Damascus.[241]
  • Syria is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Turkey[note 7] 26 January 1925[242] See Denmark–Turkey relations
 United Arab Emirates See Denmark–United Arab Emirates relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Abu Dhabi,[246] and a consulate general in Dubai.[247]
  • United Arab Emirates is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Yemen
  • Denmark is represented in Yemen, through its embassy in Riyadh.[248]
  • Yemen is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]

Asia[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Afghanistan See Afghanistan–Denmark relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Kabul.[249]
  • Afghanistan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Oslo.[19]
 Bangladesh 4 February 1972[250] See Bangladesh–Denmark relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Dhaka.[251]
  • Bangladesh is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Bhutan 13 August 1985[252] See Bhutan–Denmark relations
  • Denmark has a representative office in Thimphu.[253]
  • Bhutan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Brunei
  • Denmark is represented in Brunei, through its embassy in Singapore.[254]
  • Brunei is represented in Denmark through a non-resident ambassador based in Bandar Seri Begawan.[19]
 Burma 22 April 1955[255] See Burma–Denmark relations
  • Denmark is represented in Burma, through its embassy in Bangkok.[256]
  • Burma is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Cambodia See Cambodia–Denmark relations
  • Denmark has a representative office in Phnom Penh.[257]
  • Cambodia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 People's Republic of China 11 May 1950[258] See People's Republic of China–Denmark relations
 Republic of China (Taiwan) 16741950[258] See Denmark–Republic of China relations
  • Denmark has a trade council in Taipei.[261]
  • Republic of China has a Representative Office in Copenhagen.[262]
 East Timor 25 November 2003[263]
  • Denmark is represented in East Timor, through its embassy in Jakarta.[264]
  • East Timor is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[265]
 India 1957[266] See Denmark–India relations
 Indonesia 1950[269] See Denmark–Indonesia relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Jakarta.[270]
  • Indonesia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[271]
 Japan 1867[272] See Denmark–Japan relations
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations and exchanged diplomatic missions on a reciprocal basis after conclusion of the "Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Japan and Denmark" in 1867.[272]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Tokyo.[273]
  • Japan has an embassy in Copenhagen.[274]
  • "Japan-Denmark Relations". 
 Kazakhstan 6 May 1992[275] See Denmark–Kazakhstan relations
  • Denmark is represented in Kazakhstan, through its embassy in Moscow.[276]
  • Kazakhstan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Kyrgyzstan 8 May 1992[277]
  • Denmark is represented in Kyrgyzstan, through its embassy in Moscow.[278]
 Laos 1 November 1956[279]
  • Denmark is represented in Laos, through its embassy in Hanoi.[280]
  • Laos is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[281]
 Malaysia 1963[282] See Denmark–Malaysia relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Kuala Lumpur.[283]
  • Malaysia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Maldives 8 November 1982[284]
  • Denmark is represented in Maldives, through its embassy in New Delhi.[285]
  • Maldives is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Mongolia 5 August 1968[286]
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Ulaanbaatar.[287]
  • Mongolia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
   Nepal 15 December 1967[288] See Denmark–Nepal relations
 North Korea 17 July 1973[291] See Denmark–North Korea relations
  • Denmark is represented in North Korea, through its embassy in Beijing.[292]
  • North Korea is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Pakistan See Denmark–Pakistan relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Islamabad.[293]
  • Pakistan has an embassy in Copenhagen.[294]
  • Roughly 20,000 Pakistanis live and work in Denmark, making them the country's fifth-largest non-Western community. Six Pakistani immigrants/descendants of immigrants have seats on local parliaments and councils, the second-highest number of any immigrant group.[295]
 Philippines 28 September 1946[296] See Denmark–Philippines relations
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Manila.[297]
  • The Philippines is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Oslo.[19]
 Singapore 28 September 1965[298]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Singapore City.[299]
  • Singapore is represented in Denmark, through a non-resident ambassador based in Singapore.[19]
 South Korea 11 March 1959[300] See Denmark–South Korea relations
 Sri Lanka 5 January 1953[302] See Denmark–Sri Lanka relations
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Colombo.[303]
  • Sri Lanka is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Tajikistan 21 January 1992[304]
  • Denmark is represented in Tajikistan, through its embassy in Moscow.[305]
 Thailand 21 May 1858[306] See Denmark–Thailand relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Bangkok.[307]
  • Thailand has an embassy in Copenhagen.[308]
 Turkmenistan 21 January 1992[309]
  • Denmark is represented in Turkmenistan, through its embassy in Moscow.[310]
 Uzbekistan 25 January 1992[311]
  • Uzbekistan is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Moscow.[312]
  • Denmark is represented in Uzbekistan, through its embassy in Moscow.[313]
 Vietnam 25 November 1971[314] See Denmark–Vietnam relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Hanoi.[315]
  • Vietnam has an embassy in Copenhagen.[316]

Africa[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Algeria 3 July 1962[317]
  • Algeria has an embassy in Copenhagen.[318]
 Angola February 1976[319]
  • Denmark is represented in Angola, through its embassy in Lusaka.[320]
  • Angola is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Benin See Benin–Denmark relations
 Botswana
  • Denmark is represented in Botswana, through its embassy in Pretoria.[323]
  • Botswana is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Burkina Faso See Burkina Faso–Denmark relations
 Burundi
  • Denmark is represented in Burundi, through its embassy in Kampala.[326]
  • Burundi is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Cameroon
  • Denmark has a consulate general in Yaoundé.[327]
  • Cameroon is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Cape Verde None
  • Cape Verde and Denmark does not have diplomatic relations, but still cooperate within environment and energy. "Denmark and Cape Verde are two countries which, despite being far apart, have already cooperated in various fields. We have been able to develop good relations and will continue to do so in the future. I for one, will do everything which can further promote these good relations."[328][329]
  • Denmark is represented in Cape Verde, through its embassy in Lisbon.[330]
 Central African Republic
  • Denmark is represented in the Central African Republic, through its embassy in Ouagadougou.[331]
  • Central African Republic is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Chad
  • Chad has a consulate in Copenhagen, Denmark.[332]
  • Denmark is represented in Chad, through its embassy in Burkina Faso.[332]
 Comoros
  • Denmark is represented in Comoros, through its embassy in Dar es Salaam.[333]
 Côte d'Ivoire 28 November 1964[334]
  • Denmark is represented in Côte d'Ivoire, through its embassy in Accra.[335]
  • Denmark have a consulate general in Abidjan.[335]
  • Côte d'Ivoire have an embassy in Copenhagen.[336]
 Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark is represented in Republic of Congo, through its embassy in Cotonou.[337]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark is represented in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, through its embassy in Pretoria.[338]
 Djibouti
 Equatorial Guinea
  • Denmark is represented in Equatorial Guinea, through its embassy in Pretoria.[340]
 Eritrea 1993[341] See Denmark–Eritrea relations

Eritrea was a Danish programme country from 1993 to 1996, and again from 1999 to 2001. In 1996, Denmark assisted 112 million DKK to the agriculture sector, and 80 million DKK to the education sector.[342] Relations between Eritrea and Denmark have been bad, since Denmark decided to suspend development cooperation with Eritrea in January 2002, and completely closed its embassy in Eritrea in June 2002.[343]

  • Denmark is represented in Eritrea through its embassy in Nairobi.[344]
 Ethiopia 1960s[345] See Denmark–Ethiopia relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Addis Ababa.[346]
  • Ethiopia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Gabon
  • Denmark have a consulate in Libreville.[347]
  • Gabon is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Gambia 1965[348]
  • Denmark is represented in Gambia, through its embassy in Bamako.[349]
  • Gambia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in London.[19]
 Ghana 1957[350] See Denmark–Ghana relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Accra.[351]
  • Ghana has an embassy in Copenhagen.[352]
 Guinea
  • Denmark is represented in Guinea, through its embassy in Accra.[353]
  • Guinea is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Guinea-Bissau August 1974[354]
  • Denmark is represented in Guinea Bissau, through its embassy in Lisbon.[355]
  • Guinea-Bissau is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Kenya 1963[356] See Denmark–Kenya relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Nairobi.[357]
  • Kenya is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[19]
 Lesotho
 Liberia 1861[359]
  • Denmark is represented in Liberia, through its embassy in Accra.[360]
  • Liberia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Berlin.[19]
 Libya January 1952[361] See Denmark–Libya relations
  • Libya closed its embassy in Copenhagen, as a protest against the Jyllandsposten cartoons controversy, in 2006.[362]
 Madagascar 1964[363]
  • Denmark is represented in Madagascar, through its embassy in Pretoria.[364]
  • Denmark have a consulate in Antananarivo.[364]
 Malawi 1964[365]
  • Denmark is represented in Malawi, through its embassy in Maputo.[366]
 Mali

From 2006 to 2011, Denmark assisted Mali with 800 million DKK for poverty reduction.[368]

 Mauritania
  • Denmark is represented in Mauritania, through its embassy in Rabat.[369]
  • Mauritania is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Mauritius None[370]
 Morocco 1957[372] See Denmark–Morocco relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Rabat.[373]
  • Morocco has an embassy in Copenhagen.[374]
 Mozambique 26 June 1975[375] See Denmark–Mozambique relations
 Namibia
  • Denmark is represented in Namibia, through its embassy in Pretoria.[376]
  • Namibia is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[377]
 Niger
 Nigeria See Foreign relations of Nigeria
 Rwanda
  • Denmark is represented in Rwanda, through its embassy in Kampala.[379]
  • Rwanda is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm.[380]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic None
  • Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic has a representative office in Copenhagen.[381]
 São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Denmark is represented in São Tomé and Príncipe, through its embassy in Lisbon.[382]
  • São Tomé and Príncipe is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Senegal
 Seychelles 1979[384]
 Sierra Leone
 Somalia 9 July 1960[387] See Denmark–Somalia relations
 South Africa See Denmark–South Africa relations
 South Sudan 9 July 2011[390]
 Sudan See Denmark–Sudan relations
 Swaziland
 Tanzania See Denmark–Tanzania relations
 Tunisia 1959[394] See Foreign relations of Tunisia
 Togo
  • Denmark is represented in Togo, through its embassy in Cotonou.[395]
 Uganda
  • Uganda has an embassy in Copenhagen.[396]
 Zambia See Denmark–Zambia relations
 Zimbabwe See Foreign relations of Zimbabwe

Oceania[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Australia See Australia–Denmark relations
 Cook Islands None[397]
  • Denmark is represented in Cook Islands, through its embassy in Canberra.[398]
 Fiji 1 December 1997[399]
  • Denmark is represented in Fiji, through its embassy in Jakarta.[400]
  • Fiji is represented in Denmark, through its high commission in London.[19]
 Kiribati
  • Denmark is represented in Kiribati, through its embassy in Singapore.[409]
 Marshall Islands 17 September 1992[410]
  • Denmark is represented in Marshall Islands, through its embassy in Singapore.[409]
 Micronesia, Federated States of None[411]
  • Denmark is represented in Micronesia, through its embassy in Singapore.[409]
 Nauru None[412]
  • Denmark is represented in Nauru, through its embassy in Canberra.[413]
 New Zealand See Denmark–New Zealand relations
 Palau None[414]
  • Denmark is represented in Palau, through its embassy in Singapore.[409]
 Papua New Guinea
  • Denmark is represented in Papua New Guinea, through its embassy in Jakarta.[415]
  • Papua New Guinea is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Brussels.[19]
 Samoa None[416]
  • Denmark is represented in Samoa, through its embassy in Canberra.[417]
 Solomon Islands
  • Denmark is represented in the Solomon Islands, through its embassy in Singapore.[409]
 Tonga
  • Denmark is represented in Tonga, through its embassy in Canberra.[418]
 Tuvalu None[419]
  • Denmark is represented in Tuvalu, through its embassy in Canberra.[420]
 Vanuatu
  • Denmark is represented in Vanuatu, through its embassy in Canberra.[421]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).
  2. ^ Diplomatic relations between Denmark and Estonia were established on 5 February 1921 after the Estonian Declaration of Independence, but in World War II, Soviet Union annexed Estonia.[52] When Estonia declared independence from Soviet Union on 16 November 1988, Denmark re-established relations with Estonia on 24 August 1991.[53]
  3. ^ Diplomatic relations were established on 7 February 1921.[84] Soviet Union occupied Latvia in 1940, and Latvia declared independence from USSR on 4 May 1990. Denmark re-established relations with Latvia on 27 August 1991.[84]
  4. ^ Lithuania declared independence in 1918. Diplomatic relations were established on 18 July 1923.[88] Like Estonia and Latvia, Lithuania was occupied by Soviet Union. Latvia declared independence from USSR in 1990. Denmark re-established diplomatic relations with Lithuania on 24 August 1991.[89]
  5. ^ The Netherlands became independent in 1648 after the Peace of Münster. On the 9th October 1649, the two countries signed a defence treaty.
  6. ^ As part of the Treaty of Stetin, Denmark recognised the independence of Sweden.[135]
  7. ^ Turkey is physiographically considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Eastern Europe.

Further reading[edit]