Foreign relations of Dominica

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politics and government of
Dominica
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Foreign relations

Like its Eastern Caribbean neighbors, the main priority of Dominica's foreign relations is economic development. The country maintains missions in Washington, New York, London, and Brussels and is represented jointly with other Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) members in Canada. Dominica is also a member of the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB), and the Commonwealth of Nations. It became a member of the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 1978 and of the World Bank and Organization of American States (OAS) in 1979.

As a member of CARICOM, in July 1994 Dominica strongly backed efforts by the United States to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 940, designed to facilitate the departure of Haiti's de facto authorities from power. The country agreed to contribute personnel to the multinational force, which restored the democratically elected government of Haiti in October 1994.

In May 1997, Prime Minister James joined 14 other Caribbean leaders, and President Clinton, during the first-ever U.S.-regional summit in Bridgetown, Barbados. The summit strengthened the basis for regional cooperation on justice and counternarcotics issues, finance and development, and trade. Dominica previously maintained official relations with the Republic of China (commonly known as "Taiwan") instead of the People's Republic of China, but on 23 March 2004, a joint communique was signed in Beijing, paving the way for diplomatic recognition of the People's Republic. Beijing responded to Dominica's severing relations with the Republic of China by giving them a $12 million aid package, which includes $6 million in budget support for the year 2004 and $1 million annually for six years.

Dominica is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98).

International disputes[edit]

Dominica claims Venezuelan controlled Isla Aves.[1]

Bilateral relations[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Andorra

No diplomatic relations were established yet with Andorra.[2]

 Argentina 1985

Argentina and Dominica established diplomatic relation on June 13, 1985.[3]

 Armenia

No diplomatic relations were established yet with Armenia.[4]

 Australia

Australia is represented in Dominica through its High Commission in Trinidad and Tobago.[5]

 Azerbaijan 2011

Azerbaijan and Dominica have established diplomatic relations in 2011.[6] Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit made an official visit to Azerbaijan later this year.[7]

 Belarus 2004

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 9 July 2004.[8]

 Belgium 1980

Belgium and Dominica established diplomatic relations since 1980.[9]

 Belize 1981
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2014

Bosnia and Herzegovina and Dominica established diplomatic relation on March 6, 2014.[12]

 Botswana 2007

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 July 2007.[13]

 Brazil 1986

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1986.[14]

 Bulgaria

Bulgaria is represented in Dominica through its embassy in Cuba.[15]

 Canada 1978
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1978.[16]
  • Bilateral relations are described as "close and friendly."[17]
  • Canada is represented in Dominica, through its high commission in Barbados.[17]
 Colombia 1980[18]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 9 December 1980. Colombia is represented in Dominica through its embassy in Kingstown, Jamaica.[19]

 Chile

Both countries have diplomatic relations. Both countries waived visa for diplomatic passports holders.[20]

 Costa Rica 2001

Costa Rica and Dominica have established diplomatic relations in 2001.[21]

 Croatia 2013[22]

Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of Croatia and the Commonwealth of Dominica was signed on the 30 July 2013.[22]

 People's Republic of China 2004[23]

Diplomatic relations were established on 31 March 2004, when Dominica suspended ties with the Republic of China.[24]

 Cuba 1996

In December 2005, during the second CARICOM/CUBA summit held in Barbados, heads of CARICOM and Cuba agreed to deepen their ties in the areas of socio-economic and political cooperation in addition to medical care assistance. Since the meeting, Cuba has opened four additional embassies in the Caribbean Community including Dominica.[25]

 Cyprus 2001[26]

Both countries are members of the Commonwealth of Nations. A Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of Cyprus and the Commonwealth of Dominica was signed on the 13 June 2001 in New York[26]

 Czech Republic 1996

The Czech Republic and Dominica have formalized diplomatic relations since 1996.[27]

 Denmark 1985

Denmark is represented in Dominica, through its embassy in Mexico.[28]

 Ecuador 2009

Dominica and Ecuador established diplomatic relation on June 24, 2009.[29]

 Fiji 2014

Dominica and Fiji have established diplomatic relations in 2014.[30]

 Finland 2009[31]

Finland recognised Dominica on 23 February 1979. Diplomatic relations were established on 19 August 2009.[31]

 France 1979[31]

France is represented in Dominica, through its embassy in Saint Lucia. Dominica and France have signed many bilateral agreements.[32]

 Gambia 2012

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 26 July 2012.[33]

 Germany 1980

Both countries have diplomatic relations since 1980.[34] Political and economic relations are friendly but fairly low-key.[35]

 Georgia 2010

Dominica and Georgia established diplomatic relation on December 15, 2010.[36]

 Greece 2005[37]

Diplomatic relations were established on 15 November 2005. Greece is represented in Dominica via parallel accreditation of its embassy in Caracas. Dominica has appointed an ambassador accredited to Greece, based in Roseau, Dominica.[37]

 Guyana 1978

Dominica and Guyana have established diplomatic relations on November 3, 1978.[38] Guyana has a High Commission in Roseau.[39]

 Holy See 1982

Dominica and the Holy See have diplomatic relations since 1982.[40][41]

 Iceland
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 2004.[42]
  • Iceland is represented in Dominica through its embassy in New York, United States. Both countries have an agreement on cooperation on geothermal energy.[43]
 India 1981

Dominica and India established diplomatic relation in 1981.[44] Both countries are members of the Commonwealth of Nations.

 Indonesia

Indonesia is represented in Dominica through its embassy in Caracas, Venezuela[45]

 Israel 1979
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1979.[46]
  • Israel is represented in Dominica through its embassy in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
  • Both countries have an agreement on visa abolition.[47]
 Japan 1978[48]

Diplomatic relations were established in December 1978.[48] Japan is represented in Dominica through its embassy in Trinidad and Tobago .[49]

 Kazakhstan 2016

Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 15, 2016.[50]

 North Korea 1978

Since November 1978, the bilateral relations have been cordial and fruitful.[51]

 Kosovo 2012

Dominica and Kosovo established diplomatic relation on December 11, 2012.[52]

 Kyrgyzstan 2016

Both countries established diplomatic relations on October 18, 2016.[53]

 Latvia 2007[54]

Diplomatic relations were established on 27 September 2007 in New York.[54]

 Libya

Dominica and Libya maintain diplomatic relations.[55]

 Lithuania 2013[56]

Diplomatic relations were established on 7 October 2013.[56]

 Malta 2005[57]

Both countries are members of the Commonwealth of Nations. Diplomatic relations were established on 11 February 2005 in New York.[57]

 Maldives 2004
 Monaco

Dominica is represented in Monaco through it embassy in Paris, France.[59]

 Mongolia 2011[60]

Diplomatic relations were established on 18 November 2011.[60]

 Montenegro 2011

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 25 February 2011.[61]

 Morocco 2010

Dominica and Morocco established diplomatic relations since 2010.[62]

 Norway 2001

Dominica and Norway established diplomatic relation on March 26, 2001.[63] Both countries have signed an Agreement concerning the exchange of information relating to tax matters[64] which came into force on January 1, 2012[65]

 Pakistan
 Palestine 2011

Dominica recognised the State of Palestine and established diplomatic relations on 14 September 2011.[66][67][68][69]

 Panama 2012

Dominica and Panama have established diplomatic relations on March 15, 2012.[70]

 Paraguay 2015

Dominica and Paraguay established diplomatic relation on March 6, 2015.[71]

 Philippines 2011

Dominica and Philippines have established diplomatic relations in 2011.[72]

 Poland

Dominica and Poland have established diplomatic relations.[73]

 Qatar 2004

Dominica and Qatar established diplomatic relation in 2004.[74]

 South Korea 1978

Since November 1978, the bilateral relations have been cordial and fruitful.[75]

 Romania 2009[76]

Diplomatic relations were established on 30 January 2009.[76]

 Russia 1995

Dominica and Russia have established diplomatic relations on May 19, 1995.[77]

 Serbia 2010

Dominica and Serbia established diplomatic relation on April 22, 2010.[78]

 Slovakia

Slovakia is represented in Dominica through its embassy in Havana.[79][80]

 Slovenia

Dominica is represented in Slovenia through its embassy in London.[81]

 South Africa 1998[82]

Both countries are members of the Commonwealth of Nations. Diplomatic relations were established on 29 April 1998.[82]

 Spain 1986

Dominica and Spain established diplomatic relations in 1986.[83]

 Sweden 1978

Sweden has an honorary consulate in Roseau.[84]

  Switzerland 1988[85]

Diplomatic and economic relations between Switzerland and Dominica are of minor importance.[85]

 Tajikistan 2011

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 April 2011.[86]

 Turkey 2006[87]

Diplomatic relations were established on April 2006 in New York.[87]

 Turkmenistan 2016

Both countries established diplomatic relations on October 13, 2016.[88]

 United Arab Emirates 2014

Diplomatic relations between Dominica and the UAE were established on 21 December 2014.[89]

 United Kingdom 1979

On 3 November 1978, Dominica received independence from the United Kingdom.

 United States 1979

The United States and Dominica have friendly relations. United States supports the Dominican government's efforts to expand its economic base and to provide a higher standard of living for its citizens. U.S. assistance is primarily channeled through multilateral agencies such as the World Bank and the Caribbean Development Bank, as well as through the U.S. Agency for International Development office in Bridgetown, Barbados.

 Uruguay 2011

Dominica and Uruguay established diplomatic relation on March 1, 2011.[90]

 Venezuela 1979

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez visited Dominica in 2007.[91] Dominica claims Venezuelan island Isla Aves.

 Vietnam 2013

Dominica and Vietnam established diplomatic relation on November 1, 2013.[92]

Dominica and the Commonwealth of Nations[edit]

Dominica has been a member of the Commonwealth of Nations since 1978, when it became an independent Commonwealth republic.

Dominica's highest court of appeal is the Caribbean Court of Justice, in effect from 6 March 2015. Previously, the nation's ultimate court of appeal was London's Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.[93]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/index.htm (Background Notes).

External links[edit]