Foreign relations of Mauritius

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Mauritius has strong and friendly relations with the West, as well as with South Asian countries and the countries of southern and eastern Africa. It is a member of the World Trade Organization, the Commonwealth of Nations, La Francophonie, the African Union, the Southern Africa Development Community, the Indian Ocean Commission, COMESA, and the recently formed Indian Ocean Rim Association. Her Majesty Elizabeth II was the head of state of Mauritius.

Trade, commitment to democracy, and the country's small size are driving forces behind Mauritian foreign policy. The country's political heritage and dependence on Western markets have led to close ties with the European Union and its member states, particularly the United Kingdom and France. Mauritius' only immediate neighbour is Reunion Island, a overseas department of France that is also part of the European Union.

Considered part of Africa geographically, Mauritius has friendly relations with other African states in the region, particularly South Africa, by far its largest continental trading partner. Mauritian investors are gradually entering African markets, notably Madagascar and Mozambique. Mauritius coordinates much of its foreign policy with the Southern Africa Development Community and the Organisation of African Unity. The country is also a member of the Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa (PMAESA).

Relations with France and India are strong for both historical and commercial reasons. Foreign embassies in Mauritius include Australia, South Korea the United Kingdom, People's Republic of China, Egypt, France, India, Madagascar, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Bangladesh and the United States.

Mauritius is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98).

International disputes[edit]

Mauritius claims the entire Chagos Archipelago in the Indian Ocean and also claims the whole French-administered Tromelin Island.

Bilateral relations[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 28 June 2013
  • Diplomatic relations between Mauritius and Armenia were established on June 28, 2013.[1]
 Bangladesh 1972 See Bangladesh–Mauritius relations

Bangladesh and Mauritius share a common heritage in culture and politics. Diplomatic relations were established in 1972, soon after the achievement of Bangladeshi independence. Both nations have rapidly growing trade ties and increasing investment and financial linkages. Bangladesh has a High Commission in Port Louis.

The two countries are common members of the Indian Ocean Rim Association and the Commonwealth of Nations.

 Canada 1967

Canada and Mauritius established diplomatic relations in 1967.[2]

Two countries are members of the Commonwealth of Nations and La Francophonie.

 China

Under the President of the People's Republic of China Hu Jintao in 2010, an investment package of $750m was allocated to Mauritius to develop the Jinfei Special Economic Zone which consists of 521-acre of land. Buildings of infrastructure and services primarily serving interests of Chinese companies operating the African region but would also eventually open up to foreign parties. The proposed investment package also includes development of advance logistic operations in Mauritius, construction of a university and an oceanographic research centre.[3] This investment package is Mauritius' largest single foreign direct investment ever.[4]

 Croatia 30 September 1997

Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 30, 1997.[5][6]

 Cyprus
 France

France has remained one of its biggest trading partners; in addition, the two countries share close cultural ties in language, media and literature. Mauritius is a member state of La Francophonie, an organization of French speaking countries.

 Georgia March 2011

Both countries established diplomatic relations in March 2011.[9][10]

 Greece
  • Greece is represented in Mauritius through its embassy in Nairobi, Kenya.[11]
  • Mauritius is represented in Greece through its embassy in Brussels, Belgium.[11]
 Guyana 1 December 1992
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 1, 1992.[12]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 India See Mauritius–India relations

India and Mauritius established diplomatic relations in 1948. India has remained one of its biggest trading partners; in addition India has deep social and historical links with a large portion of the population of Mauritius, India is the country's second largest source of foreign assistance.[13]

 Israel

Both countries have signed many bilateral agreements.[17]

 Lithuania 2011

Lithuania and Mauritius established diplomatic relations in 2011.[18]

 Madagascar
  • Madagascar has an embassy in Port Louis.
  • Mauritius has an embassy in Antananarivo.
 Malaysia See Malaysia–Mauritius relations

Both countries share strong common ground when it comes to culture. Both were governed by both Dutch and British rulers and gained their independence in the second half of the twentieth century. Both have got sizeable representations of Indian and Chinese ethnic groups. Of the 30,000 people of Chinese ancestry residing in Mauritius, the vast majority come from the Hakka and Cantonese provinces, both of which are well present among Malaysia's population of Chinese ancestry. In both countries, Islam, Hinduism and Christianity are represented by important communities. Thus, Malaysia's population consists of 60.4% Muslims, 6.4% of Hindus and 9.1% of Christians; the respective figures for Mauritius are 16.6%, 52% and 30%.

Mauritius has established a High Commission in Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia is not represented by a High Commission in Mauritius, the closest delegates being posted to Zimbabwe.[19] A Double Taxation Avoidance agreement exists between the two countries. Malaysian nationals do not require a visa to enter Mauritius, and Mauritian passport holders do not require a visa to enter Malaysia for tourism.

In recent years, the spectacular development experienced by Malaysia has seen a steady increase in the number of Mauritian visitors to the country. Official figures reveal that 2,320 Mauritian residents disembarked in Malaysia in 2010, a 27.8% increase on the previous year. While this is four times less than the number of Mauritians travelling to Singapore, the trend remains highly positive. In the other direction, 1,438 Malaysian tourists visited Mauritius in 2010, which represents a 23.5% rise on 2009 figures. Most of these tourists arrived during the months of May (143 visitors), June (118), September (188), November (179) and December (172).

Another recent trend has been that of Mauritian youngsters going to Malaysia for higher studies, encouraged by the affordable fees and quality of life. In 2010, 80 Mauritians travelled to Malaysia for this purpose, an eight-fold increase on 2009. An estimated 300 Mauritians were enrolled for tertiary education in Malaysia as at December 2010.[citation needed]

 Mexico 30 July 1976
  • Mauritius is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.[20]
  • Mexico is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa and maintains an honorary consulate in Port Louis.[21]
 Pakistan 1969 See Mauritius–Pakistan relations

Relations between Pakistan and Mauritius were first established in 1969. Pakistan has a High Commission in Port Louis and Mauritius has a High Commission in Islamabad. On November 30, 2007, the two countries signed a bilateral Preferential Trade Agreement.[22]

 Romania 30 July 1976

Both countries established diplomatic relations on July 30, 1976.[23]

 Russia 17 March 1968 See Mauritius–Russia relations

The Soviet Union and Mauritius established diplomatic relations on March 17, 1968.[24] The Russian Federation has an embassy in Floreal, Mauritius, and Mauritius has an embassy in Moscow, which was opened in July 2003.[25] The current Ambassador of Russia to Mauritius is Olga Ivanova. The current Ambassador of Mauritius to Russia is Mahendr Dosieah, who presented his Letters of Credence to Russian President Vladimir Putin on July 25, 2006.[26]

 Saint Kitts and Nevis 2016

St. Kitts and Nevis and Mauritius established diplomatic relations in 2016.[27]

 Serbia 1969

Both countries have established diplomatic relations in 1969.[28]

 Seychelles

Both are members of Commonwealth of Nations and La Francophonie.

 South Africa

H.E. Dr Nomvuyo Nontsikelelo Nokwe, High Commissioner of South Africa, is in post in Mauritius since May 14, 2012. Relations between South Africa and Mauritius were formalised in 1992 with the establishing of Representative Offices in both countries. Full diplomatic relations were established in 1994. Upon South Africa's return to the Commonwealth, relations have been conducted at the level of High Commission. There is no visa requirements for South Africans visiting Mauritius.

 South Korea 3 July 1971

Mauritius and the Republic of Korea established Diplomatic Relations on July 3, 1971.[29]

 Turkey
 United States See Mauritius–United States relations
George W. Bush and Mauritian Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth. Oval Office, June 26, 2003.

Official U.S. representation in Mauritius dates from the end of the 18th century. An American consulate was established in 1794 and was closed in 1911. It was reopened in 1967 and elevated to embassy status upon Mauritius' independence in 1968. Since 1970, the mission has been directed by a resident U.S. ambassador. There is a U.S. Embassy in Port Louis, Mauritius. In 2002, Mauritius recalled its ambassador to the United Nations for not accurately conveying his government's pro-American stance in the Security Council debate.[31]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State document "U.S. Relations With Mauritius" (https://2009-2017.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2833.htm).

 Vietnam 4 May 1994

Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 4, 1994.[32]

Both countries are members of La Francophonie.

International organisations[edit]

Mauritius has been a member state of the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations since independence in 1968.

It is a member of the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie, Organisation of African Unity, the Southern Africa Development Community, the Indian Ocean Commission, COMESA, and the recently formed Indian Ocean Rim Association.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bilateral Relations: Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  2. ^ "Canada–Mauritius Relations". Foreign Affairs Trade and Development Canada. Government of Canada. November 25, 2008. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  3. ^ "China makes foray into Mauritius". Financial Times. London, England. January 25, 2010.
  4. ^ Mandaro, Laura (June 29, 2010). "Tiny Mauritius lures China with talent, Africa know-how". MarketWatch. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  5. ^ "MVEP • Date of Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations". www.mvep.hr. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  6. ^ "MVEP • Overview of Bilateral Treaties of the Republic of Croatia by Country". www.mvep.hr. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  7. ^ "Agreements between the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and the Government of the Republic of Mauritius" (PDF). Office of the Law Commissioner, Republic of Cyprus. 2001. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  8. ^ "High Commission of the Republic of Cyprus in the Republic of Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Cyprus. November 22, 2014. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  9. ^ "Mauritius and Georgia established diplomatic relations". business.mega.mu. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  10. ^ "Georgia and Republic of Mauritius established diplomatic relations - news- Georgian America". georgianamerica.com. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Hellenic Republic. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "Mauritius – Foreign Relations". Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  14. ^ "High Commission of India, Port Louis". Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  15. ^ "Mauritius High Commission in New Delhi". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade, Mauritius. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  16. ^ "Consulate of the Republic of Mauritius in Mumbai". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade, Mauritius. Archived from the original on May 21, 2016. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ "Mauritius - Bilateral cooperation". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  19. ^ "Mauritius High Commission, Kuala Lumpur". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade, Mauritius. Archived from the original on January 4, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  20. ^ "Mauritius Embassy Washington". www1.govmu.org. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  21. ^ Embassy of Mexico in South Africa
  22. ^ "Pakistan and Mauritius sign Preferential Trade Agreement". Daily Times. Lahore, Pakistan. November 28, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  23. ^ "Diplomatic Relations of Romania - Ministry of Foreign Affairs". www.mae.ro. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  24. ^ Ginsburgs, George; Slusser, Robert M. (1981). A calendar of Soviet treaties, 1958–1973. BRILL. p. 846. ISBN 90-286-0609-2. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
  25. ^ "Российско-маврикийские отношения". Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. February 16, 2009. Retrieved July 20, 2009.
  26. ^ "Vladimir Putin accepted the letters of credential from a number of foreign ambassadors". Presidential Press and Information Office. The Kremlin, Moscow. July 25, 2006. Archived from the original on September 6, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2008.
  27. ^ "St. Kitts and Nevis and Mauritius Cement Diplomatic Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, St. Kitts and Nevis. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  28. ^ "Bilateral Issues with Foreign Countries: Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia. 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  29. ^ "Republic of Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  30. ^ a b "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  31. ^ Farley, Maggie (November 6, 2002). "Mauritius' Envoy to U.N. Gets the Boot for Not Toeing the Line". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  32. ^ admin. "- General Information about Countries and Regions". www.mofa.gov.vn. Retrieved December 29, 2018.