Foreign relations of Palau

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Seal of Palau.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Palau
Countries having diplomatic relations with Palau

Palau gained its independence October 1, 1994, with the entry into force of the Compact of Free Association with the United States. Palau was the last Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands territories to gain its independence. Under the Compact, the U.S. remains responsible for Palau's defense for 50 years.

Palau is a sovereign nation and conducts its own foreign relations. From its independence until July 2019, Palau had established diplomatic relations with over 80 sovereign countries.[1] Since then, it has established bilateral relations with over 10 other nations, raising the current number of diplomatic partners of Palau to over 50.

Palau was admitted to the United Nations on December 15, 1994, and has since joined several other international organizations. In 2004, Stuart Beck was appointed to serve as Palau's first permanent representative to the United Nations. Along with the other former Trust Territories, Palau is one of a handful of countries that regularly votes with Israel in the United Nations General Assembly.

Countries with diplomatic relations[edit]

List of countries with diplomatic relations with Palau:[2]

  1.  Australia – 1 October 1994
  2.  Federated States of Micronesia – 1 October 1994
  3.  Papua New Guinea – 1 October 1994
  4.  United States – 1 October 1994
  5.  Israel – 2 October 1994
  6.  Nauru – 14 October 1994
  7.  Japan – 2 November 1994
  8.  New Zealand – 2 December 1994
  9.  South Korea – 22 March 1995
  10.  India – 10 April 1995
  11.  Kiribati – 12 July 1995
  12.  Spain – 3 August 1995
  13.  Sweden – 9 August 1995
  14.  Portugal – 17 May 1996
  15.  United Kingdom – 16 August 1996
  16.  Netherlands – 16 April 1997
  17.  Thailand – 13 May 1997
  18.  Philippines – 15 July 1997
  19.  Canada – 25 August 1997
  20.  Germany – 11 November 1997
  21.  France – 25 November 1997
  22.  Marshall Islands – 1 August 1998
  23.  Holy See – 17 December 1998
  24.  Singapore – 30 September 1999
  25.  Chile – 24 November 1999
  26.  Republic of China – 29 December 1999
  27.  Republic of Ireland – 14 July 2000
  28.   Switzerland – 31 August 2001
  29.  Mexico – 17 October 2001
  30.  Italy – 22 March 2002
  31.  Timor-Leste – 16 August 2002
  32.  Czech Republic – 17 September 2003
  33.  Greece – 2 June 2004
  34.  Argentina – 6 July 2004
  35.  Iceland – 6 October 2004
  36.  Austria – 16 November 2004
  37.  Brazil – 31 January 2005
  38.  Qatar – 17 February 2005[3]
  39.  South Africa – 24 August 2005
  40.  Turkey – 2 May 2006 / 10 May 2007[4]
  41.  Russia – 28 November 2006[5]
  42.  Indonesia – 6 July 2007[6]
  43.  Slovakia – 24 September 2007[7]
  44.  Morocco – 8 May 2009[8]
  45.  Vietnam – 18 August 2009[9]
  46.  Finland – 5 May 2009[10]
  47.  Solomon Islands – 1 October 2009[11]
  48.  Malaysia – 5 October 2009[12]
  49.  United Arab Emirates – October 2009[13]
  50.  Belgium – 22 May 2010[14]
  51.  Slovenia – 11 February 2011[15]
  52.  Georgia – 17 October 2011[16]
  53.  Monaco – 26 October 2011[17]
  54.  Brunei – 16 December 2011[18]
  55.  Poland – 27 January 2012[19]
  56.  Luxembourg – 16 February 2012[20]
  57.  Kazakhstan – 19 November 2012[21]
  58.  Cook Islands – 3 September 2013[22]
  59.  Lithuania – 25 September 2013[23]
  60.  Mongolia – 25 September 2013[24]
  61.  Montenegro – 25 September 2013[25]
  62.  Estonia – 8 November 2013[26]
  63.  Maldives – 17 October 2014[27]
  64.  Latvia – 20 March 2015[28]
  65.  Seychelles – 30 March 2015[29]
  66.  Fiji – 2 April 2015[30]
  67.  Kuwait – 26 May 2015[31]
  68.  Cyprus – 10 August 2015[32]
  69.  Cuba – 26 September 2015[33]
  70.  Croatia – 26 September 2015[34]
  71.  Norway – 31 May 2017[35]
  72.  Kosovo – 27 August 2017[36]
  73.  Hungary – 19 September 2017[37]
  74.  Armenia – 21 September 2017[38]
  75.  Tajikistan – 30 January 2018[39]
  76.  Azerbaijan – 1 February 2018[40]
  77.  Romania – 17 February 2018[41]
  78.  Mauritius – 15 March 2018[42]
  79.  Malta – 29 July 2018[43]
  80.  Andorra – 25 September 2018[44]
  81.  San Marino – 27 September 2018[45]
  82.  Bahrain – 28 September 2018[46]
  83.  Denmark – 30 November 2018[47]
  84.  Peru – 14 February 2019[48]
  85.  Nicaragua – 17 June 2019[49]
  86.  Bangladesh – 19 July 2019[50]

Bilateral relations[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 India April 1995 See India–Palau relations

As per the Ministry of External Affairs of India, India established diplomatic relations with Palau in April 1995. Development assistance from India has included a grant of US $ 149,841 for purchase of kitchen equipment for Palau National Hospital, US $ in 2008 for purchase of a boat and two pick-up trucks, US$ 100,000 in June 2010 for purchase of computers and grant of 2 ITEC scholarships in 2010-11. Palau has been supportive of issues of importance to India, particularly Indian candidature to international organizations. It supported India’s candidature for the non-permanent membership of the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term. Presently, there are about 15 Indian nationals in Palau.[51]

 Israel See Israel–Palau relations

Palau established formal consular links with Israel, it was reported in early 2008.

 Japan December 1994

Diplomatic relations between Japan and Palau were established in December 1994. Japan maintains an embassy at Koror. Japan is currently the second largest donor to Palau after the United States. Ministerial level visits are frequent between the two countries, and Palau is a popular tourist destination for Japanese travellers. Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko made a state visit to Palau in April 2015.[52]

 Marshall Islands See Marshall Islands-Palau relations

The Marshall Islands and Palau share very good relations, as they are both bound by Compacts of Free Association with the United States.

 Mexico 17 October 2001
  • Mexico is accredited to Palau from its embassy in Manila, Philippines.[53]
  • Palau does not have an accreditation to Mexico.
 Micronesia See Federated States of Micronesia–Palau relations

The Federated States of Micronesia and Palau share very good relations, as they are both bound by Compacts of Free Association with the United States.

 Philippines

Both countries were incorporated by Spain in the Spanish East Indies, where the capital was Manila, during the 16th century and was formalized in Palau in the 17th century. Palau was a part, and was represented, in the congress of the First Philippine Republic.,[54] but due to the German-Spanish Treaty was eventually handed over to Germany, ending Philippine-Palau relations during that period. Formal diplomatic relations were again made in July 15, 1997, after Palau became independent from the United States. Currently, there are at least 5,000 Filipinos working in Palau, and few of Palau's students are educated in the Philippines, notably in Mindanao's top universities. The Philippine embassy in Koror closed on July 31, 2012. Palau and the Philippines are currently discussing the bordering of their maritime borders to negate any future clashes on the matter.

 South Korea 1995-03-22

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Palau and the Republic of Korea began on 22 March 1995.[55]

 Spain

Palau was once part of the Spanish East Indies.

  • Palau does not have an accreditation to Spain.
  • Spain is accredited to Palau from its embassy in Manila, Philippines.
 Republic of ChinaTaiwan
President Tommy Remengesau with ROC President Tsai Ing-wen in Taiwan.

Palau has been strengthening relation with the Republic of China (Taiwan) in economic and political relations since 1994.[56] In late December 1999, Palau officially established diplomatic relations with the ROC. Palau maintains an embassy in Taipei[57] and ROC maintains an embassy in Koror City.[58] Exchanges between the two nations range from agriculture, culture, education, fishery, medical services, tourism and water supply infrastructure.[59][60] In 2010, a petroleum company of the People's Republic of China signed a US$40 million cooperation with Palau to explore oil reserve around the islands country.[61] On 6 June 2017, Palau Health Minister Emais Roberts visited Taipei.[62] In December 2017, Palau's ambassador to Taiwan stated that Palau-Taiwan relations is 'extremely stable', and that Palau would not shift diplomatic relations to mainland China.[63]

 United States

Both countries are members of the Compact of Free Association.

 Vietnam

Due to violation of Palau's waters and poaching, fishing ships from Vietnam were destroyed by Palau.[66]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.doi.gov/oia/islands/upload/PalauDipRelations.pdf
  2. ^ "Countries with which Palau has Diplomatic Relations" (PDF). U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Diplomatic Relations Between Qatar and Palau as of 17 Feb. 2005". United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Relations between Turkey and Palau". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  5. ^ "О 10-летии дипломатических отношений между Россией и Палау" (in Russian). Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Indonesia-Palau Agree to Accelerate Maritime Boundary Agreement". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Palau - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovakia". Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Palaos/ Palau" (PDF). Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  9. ^ "VN, Palau set up diplomatic relations". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Palau". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Solomons and Palau set up diplomatic relations". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Presentation Of Credentials By The Non-resident Ambassador Of Malaysia To The Republic Of Palau To The President Of The Republic Of The Palau". Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  13. ^ "HH Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed and Foreign Minister of Palau discuss relations - See more at: https://www.mofa.gov.ae/EN/MediaCenter/News/Pages/15516-Palau1.aspx#sthash.qH9OrK1g.dpuf". Retrieved 25 March 2018. External link in |title= (help)
  14. ^ "18 MAI 2010. - Accord entre le Gouvernement du Royaume de Belgique et la République de Palau relatif à l'établissement de relations diplomatiques et consulaires, conclu par l'échange de notes diplomatiques" (in French). Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  15. ^ "Priznanja in diplomatski odnosti" (PDF). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia (in Slovenian). Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Georgia and the Republic of Palau have established diplomatic relations". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  17. ^ "Diplomatic Relations between Monaco and Palau as of 26 Oct. 2011". United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  18. ^ "The Government of His Majesty The Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam and the Government of the Republic of Serbia have decided to establish diplomatic relations with effect from 5 December 2011". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  19. ^ "The establishment of diplomatic relations". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  20. ^ "Luxembourg and Palau establish diplomatic relations". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  21. ^ "Diplomatic Relations Between Kazakhstan and Palau as of 19 Nov. 2012". United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  22. ^ "Cook Island establishes diplomatic relations with Kiribati, Palau and Marshall Islands". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  23. ^ "Palau". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  24. ^ "Diplomatic and consular list" (PDF). Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  25. ^ "Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and Palau as of 25 Sept. 2013". United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  26. ^ "Estonia Established Diplomatic Relations with Republic of Palau". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  27. ^ "List of the Countries with which the Republic of Maldives has established Diplomatic Relations with Dates". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  28. ^ "Latvia establishes diplomatic relations with Palau". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  29. ^ "Diplomatic Relations between Seychelles and Palau as of 30 Mar. 2015". Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  30. ^ "Diplomatic Relations between Palau and Fiji as of 2 Apr. 2015". Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  31. ^ "الكويت تقيم علاقات دبلوماسية مع "بالاو"". Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  32. ^ "Establishment of diplomatic relations between Cyprus and Palau - 10/08/2015". Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  33. ^ "Establecen relaciones diplomáticas Cuba y Palau". CubaDebate. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  34. ^ "Date of Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  35. ^ "Diplomatic relations established between Norway and Palau". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  36. ^ "Ambasadori Malazogu akreditohet ambasador jorezident në Republikën e Palaut" (in Albanian). Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  37. ^ "Hungary establishes diplomatic relations with Palau". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  38. ^ "Armenia established diplomatic relations with Palau". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  39. ^ "Diplomatic relations between Palau and Tajikistan as of 30 January 2018". United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  40. ^ "Azerbaijan establishes diplomatic relations with Palau". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  41. ^ "Romania and Palau have agreed to establish diplomatic relations". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  42. ^ "Diplomatic relations between Mauritius and Palau as of 15 March 2018". United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  43. ^ "Diplomatic relations established with Palau". Government of Malta. 19 July 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  44. ^ "Diplomatic relations between Andorra and Palau as of 25 Sept. 2018". Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  45. ^ "Bilateral and multilateral agreements in the margins of the UN General Assembly Debate - Ministry of foreign affairs - Republic of San Marino". esteri.sm. 27 September 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  46. ^ "Diplomatic Relations Between Bahrain and Palau as of 28 Sept. 2018". Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  47. ^ "It's official! #Denmark is honoured to have established formal diplomatic relations with the Republic of #Palau today". Denmark's Permanent Mission to the UN. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  48. ^ "https://www.gob.pe/institucion/rree/noticias/25666-peru-y-palaos-establecen-relaciones-diplomaticas". Retrieved 16 April 2019. External link in |title= (help)
  49. ^ "Nicaragua establece relaciones diplomáticas con la República de Palaos". Contacto Hoy (in Spanish). 18 June 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  50. ^ "Bangladesh, Palau sign agreement to establish diplomatic ties". newshutbd.com. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  51. ^ "Embassy /High Commission /Consulate General of India".
  52. ^ "Japan-Palau Relations (Basic Data)".
  53. ^ Embassy of Mexico in the Philippines
  54. ^ Balabo, Dino (December 10, 2006). "Historians: Malolos Congress produced best RP Constitution". Philippine Star. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  55. ^ http://search.mofa.go.kr/search/search_en.do
  56. ^ Harwit, Eric (1 July 2000). "Taiwan's Foreign Economic Relations with Developing Nations: A Case Study of Its Ties with Palau". The Contemporary Pacific. 12 (2): 465–479. doi:10.1353/cp.2000.0054. Retrieved 29 December 2018 – via Project MUSE.
  57. ^ "Embassy of Palau in Taipei, Taiwan". embassypages.com. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  58. ^ "Embassy of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in the Republic of Palau 駐帛琉共和國大使館 [Republic of Palau 帛琉共和國] - Embassies & Missions Abroad - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (Taiwan) Mobile - 中華民國外交部 - 全球資訊網英文網" Check |url= value (help).
  59. ^ "Taiwan top choice for medical transfers in Palau".
  60. ^ "Palau appeals to Taiwan for aid, water - Taipei Times".
  61. ^ "Yang: China not factor in Taiwan-Palau relations".
  62. ^ Chang, Ming-hsuan; Kao, Evelyn (6 June 2017). "Palau health minister vows to continue support for Taiwan's WHA bid". Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  63. ^ "Palau says ties 'extremely stable' and will not change - Taipei Times". taipeitimes.com. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  64. ^ "Embassy of the Republic of Palau Washington DC". Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  65. ^ "U.S. Embassy in the Republic of Palau". U.S. Embassy in the Republic of Palau. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  66. ^ "Palau, world smallest nation burns Vietnamese boats for violating sovereignty & fishing illegally". Pakistan Defence. Retrieved 29 December 2018.

External links[edit]

Reprentations of Palau to other nations

Representations of other nations to Palau

Consular links with Israel: