Foreign relations of Panama

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Panama's foreign relations are conventional in outlook, with Panama being especially aligned with United States since the 1989 US invasion to topple the regime of General Manuel Noriega. The United States cooperates with the Panamanian government in promoting economic, political, security, and social development through U.S. and international agencies.

Bilateral relations[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Albania 20 August 1978

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 August 1978.[1]

 Algeria 9 February 1973[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on February 9, 1973.[1]

 Armenia 7 August 1998[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 7 August 1998.[1]

 Belarus 22 October 1998[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 October 1998.[1]

 Belize 1 December 1981[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 December 1981.[1]

 Botswana 15 December 2009[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 15 December 2009.[1]

 Canada 11 August 1961[2] See Canada–Panama relations
 Republic of China 2 January 1922[2]

Panama established a diplomatic relationship with the Qing Dynasty in 1909. After the Xinhai Revolution, Panama recognized the establishment of the Republic of China (ROC), and has retained diplomatic ties with the ROC. In 2009, after President Ricardo Martinelli took office, Panama wished to switch diplomatic relations from the ROC to the People's Republic of China (PRC), but this was rejected by the PRC government to maintain the peaceful development of cross-strait relations. Martinelli reaffirmed its commitment to Taiwan in the diplomatic arena, clearing doubts he could establish official ties with China; he also thanked the Taiwanese for cooperation and expressed the hope that cooperation and investments would intensify. "Panama reaffirms its determination to strengthen diplomatic ties with The Republic of China (Taiwan) (ROC Taiwan), as well as strengthening trade ties with the People's Republic of China (PRC)," said Foreign Minister Juan Carlos Varela, at a meeting in the Council of Taiwan Affairs .[5]

 Colombia 9 July 1924[2]
 Costa Rica 29 December 1903
1928[2]
 Cyprus 1 April 1971[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 April 1971.[1]

 Dominica 15 March 2012[2]

Both countries have established diplomatic relations on 15 March 2012.[6][7]

 Georgia 18 November 1998[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 18 November 1998.[8]

 Greece 7 May 1956[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 7 May 1956.[1]

 Guyana 16 March 1973[2]
 Honduras 18 September 1907[2]
 Iceland 4 June 1999[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 4 June 1999.[1][10]

 India 1 June 1962[2] See India–Panama relations

Panama is the first country in Central America where India established a resident embassy in 1973. Bilateral commercial and trade relations are steadily growing between India and Panama, with Panama seen as the gateway for expansion into Latin America.[11]

 Israel 18 June 1976[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 18 June 1976.[1]

 Kosovo 27 August 2013[15]

See Kosovo–Panama relations

Panama officially recognised the independence of the Republic of Kosovo on 16 January 2009.[16] Kosovo and Panama established diplomatic relations on 27 August 2013, following the establishment of diplomatic relations Kosovo announced it would be opening an Embassy in Panama and that this Embassy would be Kosovo's 'gateway to Latin America'.[17]

 Macedonia 18 April 2002[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 18 April 2002.[1]

 Mexico 29 May 1923[2] See Mexico–Panama relations
 Montenegro 29 May 2008[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 29 May 2008.[1]

 Nicaragua 13 December 1938
22 June 1979[2]
 Romania 5 October 1971[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 5 October 1971.[1]

 Russia 21 November 1903[2] See Panama–Russia relations
  • Panama has an embassy in Moscow.[20]
  • Russia has an embassy in Panama city.[21]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 1 June 1979[2] See Panama–Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic relations

Panama was the first Latin American country on recognizing the SADR in 1978, during the Omar Torrijos presidency.[22] Panama also has the oldest Sahrawi embassy in Latin America. Relations are suspended from 20 November 2013.

 Serbia 1953[2]
  • Both countries have established diplomatic relations in 1953.[23]
  • A number of bilateral agreements have been concluded and are in force between both countries.[24]
 South Africa 1995[2]
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 10 January 1995.[1][25]
  • Panama opened an embassy in Pretoria in August 2000.[25]
  • South Africa is represented in Panama through its embassy in Lima, Peru.[25]
 South Korea 30 September 1962[2]

Foreign relations of the Republic of Korea

 Spain 10 May 1904[2]
 Turkey 14 April 1950[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 April 1950.[1]

 Ukraine 21 May 1993[2]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 May 1993.[1]

 United States 13 November 1903
3 April 1964[2]
See Panama–United States relations

The United States cooperates with the Panamanian government in promoting economic, political, security, and social development through U.S. and international agencies. Cultural ties between the two countries are strong, and many Panamanians go to the United States for higher education and advanced training. In 2007, the U.S. and Panama partnered to launch a regional health worker training center. The center provides training to community healthcare workers in Panama and throughout Central America. About 25,000 American citizens reside in Panama, many retirees from the Panama Canal Commission and individuals who hold dual nationality. There is also a rapidly growing enclave of American retirees in the Chiriqui Province in western Panama.

Multilateral relations[edit]

Coat of arms of Panama.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Panama

Panama is a member of the UN General Assembly (and most major UN agencies) and has served three terms in the UN Security Council. In November 2006 it was elected to serve a two-year term on the Security Council, beginning January 1, 2007. It maintains membership in several international financial institutions, including the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the International Monetary Fund.

Panama is a member of the Organization of American States and was a founding member of the Rio Group. Although it was suspended from the Latin American Economic System — known informally both as the Group of Eight and the Rio Group — in 1988 due to its internal political system under Manuel Noriega, Panama was readmitted in September 1994 as an acknowledgment of its present democratic credentials.

Panama also is one of the founding members of the Union of Banana Exporting Countries and belongs to the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission. Panama is a member of the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN) as well as the Central American Integration System (SICA). Panama joined its six Central American neighbors at the 1994 Summit of the Americas in signing the Alliance for Sustainable Development known as the Conjunta Centroamerica-USA or CONCAUSA to promote sustainable economic development in the region.

Panama is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q [1]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "RELACIONES DIPLOMÁTICAS DE LA REPÚBLICA DE PANAMÁ" (PDF). p. 195. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  3. ^ Embassy of Canada in Panama City (in English, French and Spanish)
  4. ^ Embassy of Panama in Ottawa (in English and Spanish)
  5. ^ http://www.foxnews.com/world/2011/05/12/wikileaks-china-rejects-panama-wish-ties/
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ [4]
  9. ^ [5]
  10. ^ [6]
  11. ^ "India-Panama Relations" (PDF). Ministry of External Affairs. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  12. ^ Indian Embassy in Panama
  13. ^ Indian mission in Panama
  14. ^ Panama Embassy in India
  15. ^ "Panamá puerta de entrada de Kosovo a América Latina - See more at: http://mire.gob.pa/noticias/2013/08/27/panama-puerta-de-entrada-de-kosovo-america-latina#sthash.dhN3b1ku.dpuf" (in Spanish). 27 August 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2016.  External link in |title= (help)
  16. ^ Panama recognised independent state of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-01-16
  17. ^ Panamá puerta de entrada de Kosovo a América Latina, Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de la República de Panamá, 2013-08-27 (in Spanish)
  18. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Panama City (in Spanish)
  19. ^ Embassy of Panama in Mexico City (in Spanish) Archived November 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ Embassy of Panama in Moscow (in Spanish)
  21. ^ Embassy of Russia in Panama City (in Russian and Spanish)
  22. ^ Panamá y la república Saharaui
  23. ^ [7]
  24. ^ [8]
  25. ^ a b c [9]
  26. ^ Embassy of Panama in Madrid (in Spanish)
  27. ^ Embassy of Spain in Panama City (in Spanish)
  28. ^ Embassy of Panama in Washington, DC
  29. ^ Embassy of the United States in Panama City (in English and Spanish)