Foreign relations of South Ossetia

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politics and government of
South Ossetia
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The Republic of South Ossetia is a self-proclaimed state which is recognized by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Syria, Nauru, Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Transnistria. South Ossetia declared independence from Georgia in 1991, but did not receive recognition from any UN member states until after the 2008 South Ossetia war. It is the only state recognized by UN Member States that recognizes the Donetsk People's Republic.

Relations with independent states[edit]

Foreign relations of South Ossetia
  diplomatic relations and recognition
  diplomatic recognition only

South Ossetia – Abkhazia relations[edit]

Abkhazia and South Ossetia recognized each other's independence on 19 September 2005 or before.[note 1]

South Ossetia – Nauru relations[edit]

In December 2009, Nauru recognized the independence of South Ossetia. Nauru's foreign minister, Kieren Keke, visited Tskhinvali.[1][2] In 2018, a South Ossetian delegation visited Nauru and the country's foreign ministry appointed a New Zealander as a representative in Nauru.[3]

South Ossetia – Nicaragua relations[edit]

On September 5, 2008, Nicaragua became the second UN member state to recognize South Ossetia.

South Ossetia – Russia relations[edit]

On August 26, 2008, Russia became the first UN member state to recognize South Ossetia. Russia plans on building an embassy in Tskhinval.[4]

South Ossetia – Syria relations[edit]

On May 29, 2018, Syria became the latest UN member state to recognize South Ossetia. On July 22, 2018, during the state visit of President Anatoly Bibilov to Damascus, South Ossetia and Syria have signed an agreement on establishing diplomatic ties.[5][6][7]

South Ossetia – Turkey relations[edit]

South Ossetia and Turkey have no official relations. Although, the South Ossetian foreign minister attended a festival of Ossetian culture in Turkey in August 2018.[8] Around 50,000 Ossetians live in Turkey.

South Ossetia – Venezuela relations[edit]

On September 10, 2009, Venezuela became the third UN member state to recognize South Ossetia.

Relations with rebel groups[edit]

The militant Palestinian organization Hamas also welcomed the recognition of both Abkhazia and South Ossetia.[9][10][11]

Diplomatic missions[edit]

Offices in South Ossetia[edit]

Ossetian missions[edit]

Membership in international organizations[edit]

South Ossetia does not belong to any international organizations as of March 2009 besides the Community for Democracy and Human Rights.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The date when Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria recognize each other is not clear. Abkhazia and Transnistria signed a Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation on 22 January 1993, South Ossetia and Transnistria a Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation on 12 October 1994 and Abkhazia and South Ossetia a Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation on 19 September 2005.


  1. ^ Luke Harding: Tiny Nauru struts world stage by recognising breakaway republics, 14 December 2009.
  2. ^ Nauru recognises South Ossetia and Abkhazia, 15 December 2009.
  3. ^ New Zealander to represent South Ossetia in Nauru, 25 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Vladimir Putin signed a direction about establishment of Russian embassies in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". REGNUM. 2009-02-11. Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2009-04-05. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ "Syria, South Ossetia Sign Agreement on Establishing Diplomatic Ties". Syria Times. 22 July 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Bashar al-Assad Hosts Anatoly Bibilov". Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  7. ^ "Leader of breakaway South Ossetia meets Assad in Syria". Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  8. ^ "В Турции состоялся международный фестиваль осетинской культуры". Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  9. ^ ХАМАС приветствует признание независимости Абхазии и Южной Осетии (in Russian). 2008-08-26. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  10. ^ "Only Palestine's Hamas Backs Kremlin's Recognition of Abkhazia, South Ossetia". Georgian Daily. 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2008-08-27.
  11. ^ Coughlin, Con; Blomfield, Adrian (2008-08-27). "Georgia: Europe unites to condemn Kremlin". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-08-27.

External links[edit]