Foreign relations of Sri Lanka
This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
|Sri Lanka portal|
Foreign relations of Sri Lanka refers to the diplomatic and commercial relations between Sri Lanka and other countries. Sri Lanka has stressed its principle of friendship towards all, enmity towards none in its diplomacy. Sri Lanka traditionally follows a non-aligned foreign policy and does not take sides with major powers.
Since the end of the Cold War, the country has pursued better relations with all major powers and seeks to strengthen its diplomatic, economic and military ties with India, Bangladesh, Russia, United States, China, Pakistan, Japan, Malaysia, South Korea and European Union. Sri Lanka has also forged close ties with the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), African Union and Arab League.
Sri Lanka participates in multilateral diplomacy, particularly at the United Nations, where it seeks to promote sovereignty, independence, and development in the developing world. Sri Lanka was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). It also is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Colombo Plan. Sri Lanka continues its active participation in the NAM, while also stressing the importance it places on regionalism by playing a strong role in SAARC.
The goal of Sri Lanka's foreign policy is to maintain a strong, independent, powerful and unitary Sri Lanka; The Sri Lankan foreign policy establishment maintains that in achieving this goal.
Sri Lanka's foreign policy has been founded in the national interest. In a period of rapid and continuing change, foreign policy capable of responding optimally to new challenges and opportunities. It has to be an integral part of the larger effort of building the nation's capabilities through economic development, strengthening social fabric and well-being of the people and protecting Sri Lanka's sovereignty and territorial integrity. Sri Lanka's foreign policy is a forward-looking engagement with the rest of the world, based on a rigorous, realistic and contemporary assessment of the bilateral, regional and global geo-political and economic milieu.
The Sri Lanka Armed Forces is the overall unified military of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka encompassing the Sri Lanka Army, the Sri Lanka Navy, the Sri Lanka Air Force which comes under preview of the Ministry of Defence (Sri Lanka) (MOD). They receive military support from mainly India, China, Pakistan, Israel and Russia. The United States also gives limited support.
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Angola||See Foreign relations of Angola|
|Kenya||1970||See Kenya–Sri Lanka relations
Diplomatic relations between Sri Lanka and Kenya was established in 1970. Sri Lanka has a High Commission in Nairobi. Sri Lank's mission in Nairobi also serves Ethiopia, Tanzania, UNEP and UN-HABITAT, Rwanda, Mali and South Sudan.
|Malawi||See Foreign relations of Malawi|
|Mauritius||See Foreign relations of Mauritius|
|Mozambique||See Foreign relations of Mozambique|
|Nigeria||See Foreign relations of Nigeria|
|Seychelles||See Foreign relations of Seychelles|
|South Africa||See South Africa–Sri Lanka relations
Sri Lanka established diplomatic relations on 12 September 1994 following the end of apartheid and the election of Nelson Mandela to the new Government of South Africa of its post apartheid period.Sri Lanka is represented in South Africa through its embassy in Pretoria.The Government of South Africa established its resident diplomatic mission in Colombo in September 2007.
|Tanzania||See Foreign relations of Tanzania|
|Zambia||See Foreign relations of Zambia|
|Zimbabwe||See Foreign relations of Zimbabwe|
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Argentina||See Foreign relations of Argentina|
|Brazil||See Foreign relations of Brazil|
|Canada||See Foreign relations of Canada|
|Chile||See Foreign relations of Chile|
|Colombia||See Foreign relations of Colombia|
|Cuba||See Cuba–Sri Lanka relations|
|Dominica||17 April 2018|
|Guyana||14 July 1974|
|Mexico||19 April 1960||See Mexico–Sri Lanka relations|
|Peru||See Foreign relations of Peru|
|United States||See Sri Lanka–United States relations
|Venezuela||See Foreign relations of Venezuela|
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Afghanistan||See Foreign relations of Afghanistan|
|Azerbaijan||See Foreign relations of Azerbaijan|
|Bangladesh||See Bangladesh – Sri Lanka relations
Relations are historically tied together even beyond the sub-continent's colonisation by the British. Sri Lanka's first King (to be mentioned in the ancient Pali chronicles) was alleged to have ancestors from the Vanga Kingdom which occupied an area now known as Bangladesh. Bangladesh's Buddhist minority gifted Sri Lanka with a few strands of hair said to have belonged to Buddha as a sign of goodwill. It is a worshipped object on Poya Day, a Buddhist public holiday in Sri Lanka.
In August 2008, both heads of states discussed the implementation of new air links in hope of increasing trade, investment and stronger cultural links. Sri Lanka's current investments have been in Bangladesh's garment and banking sector and expect to diversify into different areas. Bangladesh also hosts a number of Sri Lankan medical students and cricket as a form of friendly communications between their people. There has been discussion to increase bilateral relations, cooperation between the two navies and sending Sri Lankan Naval personal to study in Bangladesh.
|Brunei||See Foreign relations of Brunei|
|Cambodia||See Foreign relations of Cambodia|
|China||See China–Sri Lanka relations
China and Sri Lanka are now engaged in healthy relations, as China provided valuable equipment and materials to the Sri Lankan Army, to help defeat the LTTE. Recently, in the Summer of 2012, the Chinese officials visited Sri Lankan military officials. Currently, Sri Lanka seems intent on maintaining a good relationship with China, both militarily and politically.
|India||See India–Sri Lanka relations
Bilateral relations between Sri Lanka and India have been generally friendly, but were affected by the Sri Lankan civil war and by the failure of Indian intervention during the Sri Lankan civil war. India is Sri Lanka's only neighbour, separated by the Palk Strait; both nations occupy a strategic position in South Asia and have sought to build a common security umbrella in the Indian Ocean.
India-Sri Lanka relations have undergone a qualitative and quantitative transformation in the recent past. Political relations are close, trade and investments have increased dramatically, infrastructural linkages are constantly being augmented, defence collaboration has increased and there is a general, broad-based improvement across all sectors of bilateral cooperation. India was the first country to respond to Sri Lanka's request for assistance after the tsunami in December 2004. In July 2006, India evacuated 430 Sri Lankan nationals from Lebanon, first to Cyprus by Indian Navy ships and then to Delhi & Colombo by special Air India flights.
There exists a broad consensus within the Sri Lankan polity on the primacy of India in Sri Lanka's external relations matrix. Both the major political parties in Sri Lanka, the Sri Lanka Freedom Party and the United Nationalist Party have contributed to the rapid development of bilateral relations in the last ten years. Sri Lanka has supported India's candidature to the permanent membership of the UN Security Council.
|Indonesia||1952||See Indonesia–Sri Lanka relations
|Iran||1961||See Iran–Sri Lanka relations
Diplomatic relations between Iran and Sri Lanka (then known as Ceylon) began in 1961 via the Ceylonese embassy in Islamabad, which was the closest Ceylon had to a presence on Iranian soil until the opening of the Tehran embassy office in 1990. Tehran set up its Colombo office in 1975.
After Mahmoud Ahmadinejad became President of Iran, Sri Lanka was the first country he visited on his inaugural Asian tour. Mahinda Rajapaksa also made ties with Iran a priority after he ascended to office.
|Iraq||See Sri Lanka–Iraq relations
Iraq was the largest buyer of Sri Lankan tea during the reign of Saddam Hussein. Ties between Sri Lanka and Iraq were disrupted during the Iraq War. However, in 2018 Iraq re-emerged as the largest buyer of Sri Lankan Tea.
|Israel||See Israel–Sri Lanka relations
Sri Lanka has a close relationship with Israel, and its military is a major user of Israeli weapons systems that include the IAI Kfir Fighter Jet, the Super Dvora Mk III class Patrol Vessel, and the Gabriel missile. In May 2011, the Israeli Minister of Agriculture visited Sri Lanka with an agro-business delegation to promote cooperation between the two countries.
|Japan||See Japan – Sri Lanka relations
During World War II, an air raid was carried out by Japan to bomb the city of Colombo in Sri Lanka. Later on, Japan and Sri Lanka became friendly and established a relation in 1952. Japan has an embassy in Colombo. Sri Lanka has an embassy in Tokyo. Sri Lankan President JR Jayawardene played a major role in re-admitting Japan to the world community at the San Francisco Conference
|Kazakhstan||See Foreign relations of Kazakhstan|
|South Korea||14 November 1977||
Diplomatic relations between both nations were established on 14 November 1977. The Republic of Korea's Investment in Sri Lanka (cumulative total at the end of June 2014) totals $731million. The Republic of Korea has an embassy in Colombo. Sri Lanka has an embassy in Seoul.
|Laos||See Foreign relations of Laos|
|Malaysia||See Malaysia–Sri Lanka relations|
|Maldives||See Maldives–Sri Lanka relations
Official and economic relations between the neighboring Indian Ocean countries of the Maldives and Sri Lanka, have been positive since the Maldives became independent in 1965. The Maldives first established a mission in Sri Lanka in July 1965, and today has a high commission in Colombo.
|Mongolia||See Foreign relations of Mongolia|
|Myanmar||See Foreign relations of Myanmar|
|Nepal||1 July 1957||Foreign relations of Nepal
Nepal and Sri Lanka established diplomatic relations on 1 July 1957. Nepal opened an honorary consulate general in Colombo in 1975 and established its embassy in 1995. Sri Lanka has a residential embassy in Kathmandu since 1993. Around sixty thousand Sri Lankans visit Lumbini annually to pay homage to Gautam Buddha's birthplace Lumbini, so Government of Sri Lanka has built a rest house and constructed a Buddhist monastery complex in Lumbini.
Following the April 2015 Nepal earthquake, Sri Lanka was one of the first three countries to send medical and search-and-rescue teams to the country. The Air Force sent flights of C-130 Hercules aircraft, and SriLankan Airlines sent Airbus A330 aircraft, carrying Army emergency teams.
|Pakistan||See Pakistan–Sri Lanka relations
|Palestine||See Palestine–Sri Lanka relations
|Philippines||See Philippines–Sri Lanka relations
Sri Lanka and Philippines have very close ties since the second World War. Visa on arrival, however is only available to Filipino citizens, and not for Sri Lankans Who want to visit The Philippines.
|Russia||See Russia–Sri Lanka relations
|Saudi Arabia||See Foreign relations of Saudi Arabia|
|Singapore||See Foreign relations of Singapore|
|Thailand||See Foreign relations of Thailand|
|United Arab Emirates||See Foreign relations of the United Arab Emirates|
|Vietnam||July 1970||See Foreign relations of Vietnam
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Albania||See Foreign relations of Albania|
|Armenia||See Foreign relations of Armenia|
|Austria||See Foreign relations of Austria
|Belgium||See Foreign relations of Belgium|
|Bulgaria||See Foreign relations of Bulgaria|
|Croatia||4 February 1997||Foreign relations of Croatia|
|Denmark||See Denmark–Sri Lanka relations|
|Estonia||10 October 1991||See Estonia–Sri Lanka relations
|Finland||See Foreign relations of Finland|
|France||See Foreign relations of France|
|Germany||8 December 1963||
|Holy See||1978||See Holy See–Sri Lanka relations
|Hungary||See Hungary–Sri Lanka relations
|Iceland||See Foreign relations of Iceland|
|Ireland||See Foreign relations of Ireland|
|Italy||See Foreign relations of Italy|
|Latvia||See Foreign relations of Latvia|
|Lithuania||See Foreign relations of Lithuania|
|Luxembourg||See Foreign relations of Luxembourg|
|Malta||See Foreign relations of Malta|
Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1994.
|Norway||See Foreign relations of Norway|
|Poland||See Foreign relations of Poland|
|Portugal||See Foreign relations of Portugal|
|Romania||15 September 1957||Foreign relations of Romania
The Romanian Ambassador in New Delhi is concurrently accredited to Sri Lanka, while the Sri Lanka Mission in Warsaw, Poland is concurrently accredited to Romania. The President of Sri Lanka, Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga characterized relations between the two countries in 2003 as "close and friendly".
Diplomatic relation between Sri Lanka and Romania were established on 15 September 1957. Initially maintained at Legation level, the relations were later raised to Ambassadorial level in 1967. In 1963 Romania opened a Commercial Office in Colombo, this was upgraded to as embassy in 1976 with a chargé d'affaires. The Romanian Mission in Colombo was closed in 1995 but reopened as a Commercial Office in 1998.
In 1978, the Sri Lankan minister of Foreign Affairs visited Romania.
Bilateral trade between Sri Lanka and Romania was valued at US$8.87 million in 2007, up from US$7.9 million in 2006. Efforts have been made to expand trade in Ceylon tea to Romania. In 2009, Chairman and CEO of the Sri Lanka Export Development Board Anil Koswatte has singled out Romania as country for which exports could be increased.
|Slovakia||See Foreign relations of Slovakia|
|Slovenia||See Foreign relations of Slovenia|
|Spain||See Foreign relations of Spain|
|Sweden||See Foreign relations of Sweden|
|Switzerland||See Sri Lanka–Switzerland relations|
|Turkey||See Foreign relations of Turkey|
|Ukraine||See Foreign relations of Ukraine|
|United Kingdom||See Sri Lanka–United Kingdom relations
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Australia||See Australia–Sri Lanka relations|
|Fiji||See Foreign relations of Fiji|
|New Zealand||See Foreign relations of New Zealand
New Zealand and Sri Lanka have a strong relationship since the 1800s. New Zealand has longstanding Commonwealth, migrant and sporting ties with Sri Lanka.
New Zealand visits to Sri Lanka:
|Papua New Guinea||See Foreign relations of Papua New Guinea|
|Solomon Islands||July 2013|
Sri Lanka and the Commonwealth of Nations
Sri Lanka has been a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations since 1948, when it became independent as the Dominion of Ceylon.
In November 2013, Sri Lanka hosted the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2015. Retrieved 24 February 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Embassy of Mexico in India
- Embassy of Sri Lanka in the United States
- "Topic: News in Bhutan other than Dzongkha and English". KuenselOnline. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- India's Sri Lankan scars. BBC News (4 May 2000). Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- Brief on India-Sri Lanka Relations, Ministry of External Affairs (BSM Division: Sri Lanka)
- Sri Lanka – Iran Bilateral Relations Archived 11 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine Embassy of Sri Lanka in Iran
- The Group of 15 (G- 15) Government of Sri Lanka – 14 May 2010
- Sri Lanka, Iran mutual friends – Minister Archived 15 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine Daily News.lk – 20 February 2010
- Israeli agriculture minister visits Sri Lanka Archived 5 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Embassy of Japan in Sri Lanka". Archived from the original on 21 July 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2009.
- "Embassy of Sri Lanka in Japan". Archived from the original on 18 October 2005. Retrieved 18 July 2009.
- "Official Website of High Commission of Malaysia, Colombo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- "Sri Lanka High Commission, Kuala Lumpur". High Commission of Sri Lanka in Malaysia. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- "Sri Lanka to send emergency relief to Nepal". 25 April 2015.
- "Embassy of Czech Republic in Sri Lanka". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Sri Lanka Army Equipment. globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- "Embassy and Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka". Sri Lankan Embassy in Vienna. Archived from the original on 4 May 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "List of honorary consuls in Hungary" (in Hungarian). Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Hungary. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Consulate of the Republic of Hungary". Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Hungary. Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Bilateral Relations (Sri Lanka)". Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Hungary. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Sri Lanka Poland Bilateral Relations". Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Felicitations to Romania
- "Google Translate". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Lankan Envoy to Poland passes away
- "Foreign Minister condoles the death of Sri Lankan envoy in Poland". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Sri Lanka News-Adaderana-Truth First". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Envoys present credentials to President Patil". Thaindian News. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- New Ambassadors and High Commissioner hand over credentials to President
- "Sri Lanka : New ambassadors and high commissioner present credentials to Sri Lanka President". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Sri Lankan refugees leave Indonesia: official". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Romanian market still untapped
- Tea Board taps Romanian and Serbian tea markets
- Golden opportunity to expand exports
- , Ministry of Foreign Affairs, New Zealand