Foreign relations of Suriname

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Coat of arms of Suriname.svg
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As part of the foreign relations of Suriname, the country is a participant in numerous international organizations. International tensions have arisen due to Suriname's status as a trans-shipment point for South American recreational drugs destined mostly for Europe.

Border disputes[edit]

The country claims an area in French Guiana between Litani River and Marouini River (both headwaters of the Lawa). Suriname also claims an area in Guyana between New (Upper Courantyne) and Courantyne/Koetari Rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne).

International organization participation[edit]

Suriname is a member of numerous international organizations. Among them, since gaining independence, Suriname has become a member of the UN, the OAS, and the Non-Aligned Movement. Suriname is a member of the Caribbean Community and Common Market and the Association of Caribbean States. It is associated with the European Union through the Lome Convention. Suriname participates in the Amazonian Pact, a grouping of the countries of the Amazon Basin that focuses on protection of the Amazon region's natural resources from environmental degradation.

Reflecting its status as a major bauxite producer, Suriname is a member of the International Bauxite Association. The country also belongs to the Economic Commission for Latin America, the Inter-American Development Bank, the International Finance Corporation, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. Suriname became a member of the Islamic Development Bank in 1998, under the Wijdenbosch government. In 2003, Suriname joined the Nederlandse Taalunie (Dutch Language union).

Regional and international agreements[edit]

Bilateral agreements with several countries of the region, covering diverse areas of cooperation, have underscored the government's interest in strengthening regional ties. The return to Suriname from French Guiana of about 8,000 refugees of the 1986–91 civil war between the military and domestic insurgents has improved relations with French authorities. Longstanding border disputes with Guyana and French Guiana remain unresolved. Negotiations with the Government of Guyana brokered by the Jamaican Prime Minister in 2000 did not produce an agreement but the countries agreed to restart talks after Guyanese national elections in 2001. In January 2002 the presidents of Suriname and Guyana met in Suriname and agreed to resume negotiations, establishing the Suriname-Guyana border commission to begin meeting in May 2002. An earlier dispute with Brazil ended amicably after formal demarcation of the border.

In May 1997, then-President Wijdenbosch joined US President Clinton and 14 other Caribbean leaders during the first-ever US-regional summit in Bridgetown, Barbados. The summit strengthened the basis for regional cooperation on justice and counter narcotics issues, finance, development, and trade.

Bilateral relations[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 24 July 1999

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 24 July 1999.

 Barbados 8 March 1978 See Barbados–Suriname relations

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 8 March 1978. In 2009 both nations formed a Joint Commission to improve relations between both countries and expand in various areas of cooperation.[1]

 Brazil See Brazil–Suriname relations
  • Brazil has an embassy in Paramaribo.[4]
  • Suriname has an embassy in Brasilia.
 China See China–Suriname relations
  • China has an embassy in Paramaribo.
  • Suriname has an embassy in Beijing.
 Cuba
  • Cuba has an embassy in Paramaribo.
  • Suriname has an embassy in Havana.
 France
  • France has an embassy in Paramaribo.[5]
  • Suriname has an embassy in Paris and a consulate-general in Cayenne.
 Guyana See Guyana–Suriname relations
 India See India–Suriname relations
  • India has an embassy in Paramaribo.[6]
  • Suriname has an embassy in New Delhi.[7]
 Indonesia See Indonesia–Suriname relations
  • Indonesia has an embassy in Paramaribo.
  • Suriname has an embassy in Jakarta.
 Mexico 1975 See Mexico–Suriname relations
  • Mexico is accredited to Suriname from its embassy in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago and has an honorary consulate in Paramaribo.[8]
  • Suriname is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C.; United States.[9]
 Netherlands 25 November 1975 See Netherlands–Suriname relations
 Russia

The nations have begun discussing cooperation in the areas of agriculture, fishing, shipbuilding, education, along with trade. In October 2013, the Surinamese foreign minister, Yldiz Pollack-Beighle visited Moscow for talks on concluding military and joint law enforcement training.[12]

 South Africa
 South Korea 28 November 1975
  • Diplomatic relations were established between the Republic of Korea and Suriname on 28 November 1975.
  • The number of South Koreans living in Suriname in 2011 was about 60.[13]
 United States See Suriname–United States relations
 Venezuela
  • Suriname has an embassy in Caracas.
  • Venezuela has an embassy in Paramaribo.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Agreement for the Suriname-Barbados Joint Commission Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Honorary consulate of Barbados in Paramaribo
  3. ^ Honorary consulate of Suriname in Bridgetown
  4. ^ Embassy of Brazil in Paramaribo (in English and Portuguese)
  5. ^ Embassy of France in Paramaribo (in Dutch and French)
  6. ^ Embassy of India in Paramaribo
  7. ^ Embassy of Suriname in New Delhi
  8. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (in Spanish)
  9. ^ Embassy of Suriname in Washington, DC; United States
  10. ^ Embassy of the Netherlands in Paramaribo (in Dutch)
  11. ^ Consulate-General of Suriname in Amsterdam (in Dutch)
  12. ^ Russia and CARICOM: A New Dawn?, By: Peter Clegg & Veronika Clegg, 17 January 2018, The Commonwealth Round Table
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 June 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  14. ^ Embassy of Suriname in Washington, DC
  15. ^ Embassy of the United States in Paramaribo

External links[edit]