Foreign relations of Tanzania

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Tanzania's first president, Julius Nyerere also was one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement, and, during the Cold War era, Tanzania played an important role in regional and international organisations, such as the Non-Aligned Movement, the front-line states, the G-77, and the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) (now the African Union). One of Africa's best-known elder statesmen, Nyerere was personally active in many of these organisations, and served chairman of the OAU (1984–85) and chairman of six front-line states concerned with eliminating apartheid in Southern Africa. Nyerere was also involved with peace negotiations in Burundi until his death. Nyerere's death, on 14 October 1999, is still commemorated annually.

Tanzania enjoys good relations with its neighbours in the region and in recent years has been an active participant in efforts to promote the peaceful resolution of disputes. Tanzania is helping to broker peace talks to end conflict in Burundi and supports the Lusaka agreement concerning the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In March 1996, Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya revived discussion of economic and regional cooperation. These talks culminated with the signing of an East African Cooperation Treaty in September 1999, which should in time lead to economic integration through the development of the East African Community. Tanzania is the only country in East Africa which also is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Historically, Tanzania has played an active role in hosting refugees from neighbouring countries including Mozambique, DR Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda. This normally has been done in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Bilateral Relations[edit]

 People's Republic of China[edit]

China established diplomatic relations with Tanganyika and Zanzibar on 9 December 1961 and 11December 1963 respectively. When Tanganyika and Zanzibar were united and became Tanzania on 26 April 1964, it is natural for China to extend its diplomatic ties with it.[1] Tanzania has had good relations with the People’s Republic of China over the past 30 years, recently receiving the Chinese president (February 2009). This relationship is linked with bi-lateral co-operation including the TAZARA Railway project on the Tanzanian mainland.


Tanzania contributed about 750 troops in the 2008 invasion of Anjouan.


Further information: Denmark–Tanzania relations


Further information: Foreign relations of Finland


Further information: India–Tanzania relations


Tanzania officially recognised Kosovo as a sovereign state on 11 June 2013.[4] On 2 April 2014, Kosovo and Tanzania established official diplomatic relations.[5]


Tanzania is embroiled in a dispute with Malawi over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi).


Malaysia has a High Commission in Dar es Salaam, and Tanzania has a high commission in Kuala Lumpur.[6]



Tanzania officially recognised Palestine as a sovereign state on 24 November 1988.[7] In October 2011, Tanzanian Foreign Minister Bernard Membe affirmed that his country would give everything required to support Palestine in gaining membership within the United Nations and any other international organisation.[8]


Both countries have signed diplomatic missions on 11 December 1961 Russia has an embassy in Dar es Salaam, and Tanzania has an embassy in Moscow.[9]

 United Kingdom[edit]

Tanzania and the United Kingdom are currently on good terms as the United Kingdom helped the poorer Tanzanian government during many disasters. The United Kingdom is also Tanzania's largest source of investment.[10]

 United States[edit]

The U.S. Government provides assistance to Tanzania to support programs in the areas of health, environment, democracy, and development of the private sector. The U.S. Agency for International Development's program in Tanzania averages about $20 million per year. The Peace Corps program, revitalised in 1979, provides assistance in education through the provision of teachers. Peace Corps also is assisting in health and environment sectors. Currently, about 147 volunteers are serving in Tanzania. First Lady Laura Bush visited Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar in mid-July 2005.

International organisation participation[edit]

AU, ACP, AfDB, C, EAC, EADB, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, ITUC, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SADC, United Nations (see Permanent Representative of Tanzania to the United Nations), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).[1]

Tanzania and the Commonwealth of Nations[edit]

Tanzania has been a Commonwealth republic since 1964, when the Republic of Tanganyika and the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba united after the Zanzibar Revolution.

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Indian High Commission in Tanzania
  3. ^ Tanzania High Commission in India
  4. ^ CKA 699/755/01, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the United Republic of Tanzania, 2013-06-05
  5. ^ Hoxhaj vazhdon lobimin, marrëdhënie diplomatike me Tanzaninë, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2014-04-03 (in Albanian)
  6. ^ "High Commission of the United Republic of Tanzania". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of The Kingdom of Thailand. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "City of Quito – UNESCO World Heritage". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "The Foreign Minister Of Tanzania Affirms His Country's Support For The Palestinian People". IMEMC. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  9. ^ Embassy of Tanzania in Moscow
  10. ^