Foreign relations of Uruguay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Uruguay
Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay portal

This article deals with the diplomatic affairs, foreign policy and international relations of Uruguay. At the political level, these matters are officially handled by the Ministry of Foreign Relations, also known as Cancillería, which answers to the President. The Minister of Foreign Relations, since March 2015, is Chancellor (es: Canciller) Rodolfo Nin Novoa.

Overview[edit]

Uruguay traditionally has had strong political and cultural links with its neighbours and Europe. British diplomat Alfred Mitchell-Innes was Minister to Uruguay throughout the crucial years of World War I (1913–1919).

With globalization and regional economic problems, its links to North America have strengthened. Uruguay is a strong advocate of constitutional democracy, political pluralism, and individual liberties. Its international relations historically have been guided by the principles of nonintervention, multilateralism, respect for national sovereignty, and reliance on the rule of law to settle disputes. Uruguay's international relations also reflect its drive to seek export markets and foreign investment. It is a founding member of MERCOSUR. In June 1991, MERCOSUR and the United States signed the Rose Garden Agreement (also known as the "Four Plus One" Agreement). The agreement was non-operational until June 2001 when MERCOSUR invited the U.S. to discuss the feasibility of market access negotiations. The first U.S.-MERCOSUR meeting was held on September 24, 2001, and resulted in the creation of four working groups on industrial trade, e-commerce, agriculture, and investment.

Uruguay is a member of the Rio Group, an association of Latin American states that deals with multilateral security issues (under the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance). Uruguay's location between Argentina and Brazil makes close relations with these two larger neighbors and MERCOSUR associate members Chile and Bolivia particularly important. An early proponent of the Enterprise for the Americas Initiative, Uruguay has actively participated in the follow-up process to the periodic Summits of the Americas, especially the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). Often considered a neutral country and blessed with a professional diplomatic corps, Uruguay is often called on to preside international bodies. Most recently, Uruguay was selected to chair the FTAA and WTO agricultural committees and a Uruguayan presides over the WTO General Assembly. Uruguay also is a member of the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI), a trade association based in Montevideo that includes 10 South American countries plus Mexico and Cuba.

Disputes - international: Uncontested disputes with Brazil over tiny Isla Brasilera at the mouth of the Quarai/Cuareim River near the Argentina tripoint, and, 225 kilometers upriver, over the 235 km2. Invernada River region, as to which tributary is the legitimate source of the Quarai/Cuareim River.

In the 1960s, the US Office of Public Safety helped in training Uruguayan police officers. Dan Mitrione taught torture methods used against the civilian population and the Tupamaros.[1]

Africa[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Algeria
  • Algeria is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Algeria from its embassy in Paris, France.
 Angola See Angola–Uruguay relations
  • Angola is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Brasília, Brazil.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Luanda.
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • DR Congo is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to the DR Congo from its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.
 Egypt See Egypt–Uruguay relations
  • Egypt has an embassy in Montevideo.[2]
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Cairo and an honorary consulate in Alexandria.[3]
 Ethiopia
  • Ethiopia is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Brasília, Brazil.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Addis Ababa.
 Ghana
  • Ghana is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Brasília, Brazil.
  • Uruguay does not have an accreditation to Ghana.
 Nigeria See Nigeria–Uruguay relations
  • Nigeria is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Nigeria from its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.
 SADR 28 December 2005
 Senegal
  • Senegal is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Brasília, Brazil.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Senegal from its embassy in Paris, France.
 South Africa See South Africa–Uruguay relations
  • South Africa has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Pretoria.


Americas[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Argentina 20 July 1811 See Argentina–Uruguay relations

Uruguay and Argentina established diplomatic relations on July 20, 1811. Uruguay gained its independence after the Cisplatine War, with Argentine aid. During the Uruguayan Civil War, Argentina supported the National Party. The countries were allied during the Paraguayan War.

Since the end of the 19th century, both countries have shared a similar pattern of European immigration. They have very close economic, cultural and political ties with each other. Between the 1960s and the 1990s there was much Uruguayan immigration to Argentina. Today, there are around 120,000 people of Uruguayan descent living in Argentina.

In 2006 the countries had their first diplomatic tensions over the Pulp mill dispute, which was resolved in 2010.

  • Argentina has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Buenos Aires.
 Bolivia See Bolivia–Uruguay relations
  • Bolivia has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in La Paz.
 Belize 28 September 1987
 Brazil See Brazil–Uruguay relations
  • Brazil and Uruguay are neighboring countries that share close historical, cultural and geographical ties. The singularity of the bilateral relationship between the two countries originates from the strong historical connection - marked by important events, such as the establishment of the Colônia do Sacramento in 1680, the annexation by Brazil and the subsequent creation of the Província Cisplatina in 1815, and Uruguay's independence from Brazil in 1828.[5]
  • The signing of the Treaty of Asunción in 1991 initiated a period of closer political, economical and diplomatic ties.
  • Brazil has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Brasília.
 Canada 1953 See Canada–Uruguay relations
  • Canada has an embassy in Montevideo.[6]
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Ottawa, two consulates general in Montreal and Toronto, and an honorary consulate in Vancouver.[7]
  • Canada and Uruguay have a Foreign Investment Protection Agreement (FIPA) which came into force in 1999; a bilateral Social Security Agreement that came into force in January 2002; and a bilateral Audiovisual Co-Production Agreement to encourage joint film productions, which came into force in October 2005.
  • Both countries are full members of the Cairns Group and of the Organization of American States.
 Chile See Chile–Uruguay relations
  • Chile has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Santiago.
 Colombia See Colombia–Uruguay relations
  • Colombia has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Bogotá.
 Costa Rica See Costa Rica–Uruguay relations
  • Costa Rica has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in San José.
 Cuba See Cuba–Uruguay relations
  • Cuba has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Havana.
 Dominican Republic See Dominican Republic–Uruguay relations
  • Dominican Republic has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Santo Domingo.
 Ecuador See Ecuador–Uruguay relations
  • Ecuador has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Quito.
 El Salvador See El Salvador–Uruguay relations
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in San Salvador.
 Guatemala See Guatemala–Uruguay relations
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Guatemala City.
 Guyana 3 June 1985
 Haiti
  • Hait is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Haiti from its embassy in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
 Honduras See Honduras–Uruguay relations
  • Honduras is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Honduras from its embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala.
 Jamaica
  • Jamaica is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Brasília, Brazil.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Jamaica from its embassy in Havana, Cuba.
 Mexico 22 February 1831 See Mexico–Uruguay relations

Both countries established diplomatic relations on the 22 February 1831.

 Nicaragua See Nicaragua–Uruguay relations
  • Nicaragua has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Managua.
 Panama See Panama–Uruguay relations
  • Panama has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Panama City.
 Paraguay See Paraguay–Uruguay relations

Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 6, 1845. During the Paraguayan War, even if Uruguay was the smallest member of the coalition which Paraguay had to face, soldiers of both countries fought each other during three major battles: Battle of Jataí, Battle of Tuyutí and Battle of Curupaity. Both countries were founding members of the Mercosur. Both countries are full members of the Rio Group, of the Latin Union, of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, of the Organization of American States, of the Organization of Ibero-American States and of the Union of South American Nations.

  • Paraguay has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Asunción.
 Peru See Peru–Uruguay relations

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1912, but various agreements were informally passed during the second half of the 19th century. Both countries are full members of the Rio Group, of the Latin Union, of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, of the Organization of American States, of the Organization of Ibero-American States and of the Union of South American Nations.

  • Peru has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Lima.
 Suriname
  • Suriname is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Brasilia, Brazil.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Suriname from its embassy in Panama City, Panama.
 United States See United States–Uruguay relations

Uruguay cooperates with the U.S. on law enforcement matters, such as regional efforts to fight drug trafficking and terrorism. It has also been very active in human rights issues. In 2002, Uruguay and the U.S. created a Joint Commission on Trade and Investment (JCTI) to exchange ideas on a variety of economic topics. In March 2003, the JCTI identified six areas of concentration until the eventual signing of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA): customs issues, intellectual property protection, investment, labor, environment, and trade in goods. In late 2004, Uruguay and the U.S. signed an Open Skies Agreement, which was ratified in May 2006. In November 2005, they signed a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT), which entered into force on November 1, 2006. A Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) was signed in January 2007. More than 80 U.S.-owned companies operate in Uruguay, and many more market U.S. goods and services.

  • United States has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Washington, D.C..
 Venezuela See Uruguay–Venezuela relations
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Caracas.
  • Venezuela has an embassy in Montevideo.

Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 27 May 1992 See Armenia–Uruguay relations
  • Armenia is represented in Uruguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina and an honorary consulate in Montevideo.[12]
  • Uruguay is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia) and through a consulate in Yerevan.[13]
  • There are around 19,000 people of Armenian descent living in Uruguay. Uruguay was the first country to recognize the Armenian Genocide on April 20, 1965.
 Azerbaijan 12 January 1995 See Azerbaijan–Uruguay relations
  • Azerbaijan has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Azerbaijan from its embassy in Tehran, Iran.
 China 1988 See China–Uruguay relations
  • China has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Beijing.
 Georgia
  • Georgia is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Georgia from its embassy in Bucharest, Romania.
 India See India–Uruguay relations
  • India is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in New Delhi.
 Indonesia
  • Indonesia is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Indonesia from its embassy in Hanoi, Vietnam.
 Iran See Iran–Uruguay relations
  • Iran has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Tehran.
 Israel See Israel–Uruguay relations
 Japan September 1921 See Japan–Uruguay relations
 Jordan
  • Jordan is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Santiago, Chile.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Jordan from its embassy in Cairo, Egypt.
 Lebanon 1945 See Lebanon–Uruguay relations
  • Lebanon has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Beirut.
 Malaysia See Malaysia–Uruguay relations
  • Malaysia is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Kuala Lumpur.
 Pakistan
  • In 2006 a commercial agreement was celebrated between Pakistan and Mercosur (a trade bloc of which Uruguay is part).[17] There is a Pakistan-Uruguay Chamber of Commerce.[18][19][20] *When war broke out in East Pakistan in 1971, Uruguay initially hesistated to take sides. However, on August 24, 1971 Uruguay recognized Bangladesh (hithero East Pakistan) as an independent state.[21]
  • In 2007 Montevideo hosted the first 'International Kashmir Conference'. The Prime Minister of Azad Jammu and Kashmir Sardar Attique Ahmed Khan took part in the event, which was co-organized by the Catholic University of Uruguay.[22][23] Khan met with a number of Uruguayan senators during his stay.[24]
  • Pakistan is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Pakistan from is embassy in Tehran, Iran.
 Palestine See Palestine–Uruguay relations
  • Palestine has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Ramallah.
 Philippines
  • Philippines is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to the Philippines from its embassy in Seoul, South Korea.
 Qatar
  • Qatar has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Doha.
 Saudi Arabia
  • Saudi Arabia is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Riyadh.
 Singapore
  • Singapore does not have an accreditation to Uruguay.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Singapore from its embassy in Hanoi, Vietnam.
 South Korea 7 October 1964[25] See South Korea–Uruguay relations
 Turkey
  • Turkey is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Turkey from its embassy in Bucharest, Romania.
 United Arab Emirates
  • United Arab Emirates is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Abu Dhabi.
 Vietnam See Uruguay–Vietnam relations
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Hanoi.
  • Vietname is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Europe[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Andorra 27 November 1996
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Uruguay.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Austria See Austria–Uruguay relations
  • Austria is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Vienna.
 Belgium See Belgium–Uruguay relations
  • Belgium is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Brussels.
 Czech Republic See Czech Republic–Uruguay relations
  • Czech Republic is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.[27]
  • Uruguay is accredited to the Czech Republic from its embassy in Vienna, Austria.[28]
 Denmark
  • Denmark is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Denmark from its embassy in Stockholm Sweden and maintains an honorary consulate in Copenhagen.
 Finland 21 March 1935
 France 1825 See France–Uruguay relations
 Germany 1850 See Germany–Uruguay relations
 Greece See Greece–Uruguay relations
  • Greece has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Athens.
 Holy See See Holy See–Uruguay relations
  • Holy See and an apostolic nunciature in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Rome accredited to the Holy See.
 Hungary See Hungary–Uruguay relations
  • Hungary is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Budapest.
 Iceland
  • Iceland is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Iceland from its embassy in London, United Kingdom and maintains an honorary consulate in Reykjavik.
 Ireland
  • Approximately 120,000 Uruguayans have Irish ancestors.
  • Ireland is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Ireland from its embassy in London, United Kingdom.
 Italy 1861 See Italy–Uruguay relations
 Netherlands See Netherlands–Uruguay relations
  • Netherlands is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in The Hague.
 Norway
  • Norway is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Norway from its embassy in Stockholm, Sweden.
 Poland See Poland–Uruguay relations
  • Poland is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Warsaw.
 Portugal See Portugal–Uruguay relations
  • Portugal has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Lisbon.
 Romania See Romania–Uruguay relations
  • Romania has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Bucharest.
 Russia See Russia–Uruguay relations

Russia is looking for cooperation with Uruguay in the field of nuclear energy, the Russian ambassador to Latin America said: "Our countries could maintain cooperation in the sphere of nuclear energy although Uruguay's legislation bans the use of nuclear energy". The diplomat said Uruguayan officials had shown interest in a floating nuclear power plant, when the project's presentation took place at the Russian Embassy recently. The first floating plant will have capacity of 70 MW of electricity, and about 300 MW of thermal power. The cost of the first plant is estimated at US$400 million, but could later be reduced to $240 million. This year marks the 150th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Russia and Uruguay.

 Serbia 1950

Both countries have established diplomatic relations in September 1950.[32] A number of bilateral agreements in various fields have been concluded and are in force between both countries.[33]

  • Serbia is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Serbia from its embassy in Bucharest, Romania.
 Spain 19 July 1870 See Spain–Uruguay relations
 Sweden See Sweden–Uruguay relations
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Stockholm.
  • Sweden is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina and maintains and honorary consulate in Montevideo.
  Switzerland 1828 See Switzerland–Uruguay relations

Both countries share a long history of mutual economic relations, and they established diplomatic relations in 1828.[36] In the twentieth century, Uruguay has looked to Switzerland as a model for government, historical and cultural ties go back to at least the nineteenth century.[37] There are 956 people with Swiss passports residing in Uruguay in 2009. Uruguay was described as the "Switzerland of the Americas" in a 1951 New York Times article for its popularity as a haven for capital fleeing Europe at the time and its adoption of Swiss-inspired banking laws. Thomas J. Knight also wrote that "Uruguay has for most of its history been the 'Switzerland' of South America."[38]

  • Switzerland has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Bern.
 Ukraine
  • Ukraine is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.[39]
  • Uruguay is accredited to Ukraine from its embassy in Moscow (Russia) and through an honorary consulate in Kiev.
  • There are around 10,000 people of Ukrainian descent living in Uruguay.
 United Kingdom 1825 See United Kingdom–Uruguay relations

British Foreign and Commonwealth Office about the relations with Uruguay

Oceania[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia See Australia–Uruguay relations
 Fiji
  • Fiji is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Brasília, Brazil.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Fiji from its embassy in Canberra, Australia.
 New Zealand


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Otterman, Michael (2007). American Torture : From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond. London: Pluto Press. pp. 73–74. ISBN 9780745326719 – via EBSCOhost.
  2. ^ "Uruguayan Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Egyptian embassy in Montevideo". Archived from the original on 2009-06-26. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  3. ^ Uruguayan Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Uruguayan missions to Egypt[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Embaixada do Brasil em Montevideo: Relações Bilaterais Archived 2012-07-31 at Archive.today
  6. ^ Canadian embassy in Montevideo
  7. ^ Uruguayan embassy in Ottawa
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-07. Retrieved 2016-02-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Montevideo (in Spanish only)
  10. ^ Embassy of Uruguay in Mexico City (in Spanish only)
  11. ^ Relación Bilateral entre México y Uruguay (in Spanish only) Archived 2012-11-10 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Uruguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations: directions of the representation of Armenia in Uruguay Archived July 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Uruguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations: directions of the representation of Uruguay in Armenia[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ Israeli embassy in Montevideo (in Spanish only)
  15. ^ "Joint Statement Israel-Uruguay, 4 May 1986". Israel. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
  16. ^ Japanese embassy in Montevideo (in Japanese and Spanish)
  17. ^ Pakistan-Mercosur Archived 2015-11-30 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish)
  18. ^ Chamber of Commerce
  19. ^ UN Forces 1948-94. Osprey Publishing. 1994. p. 60. ISBN 978-1-85532-454-1.
  20. ^ Uldaricio Figueroa Pla (1989). Manual de organismos internacionales. Editorial Jurídica de Chile. p. 168. GGKEY:CPPBA7S0N0P.
  21. ^ Uruguay. Asamblea General; Uruguay. Consejo Nacional de Gobierno (1973). Mensaje del poder ejecutivo a la Asamblea General al inaugurarse la legislatura. pp. 25–26.
  22. ^ Associated Press of Pakistan. AJK PM arrives in Montevideo Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Associated Press of Pakistan. First Latin American Intl. Kashmir Conference Begins In Uruguay
  24. ^ Greater Kashmir. Pak premier meets Uruguay senators
  25. ^ http://www.mofa.go.kr/ENG/countries/latinamerica/countries/20070803/1_24586.jsp?menu=m_30_30[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ "South Korean embassy in Montevideo". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
  27. ^ Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Embassy in Argentina
  28. ^ Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Embassy of Uruguay in Austria
  29. ^ Embassy of Finland in Buenos Aires, Argentina (in Finnish, Swedish and Spanish)
  30. ^ <French embassy in Montevideo (in French and Spanish only)
  31. ^ Italian embassy in Montevideo (in Italian and Spanish only)
  32. ^ [2]
  33. ^ [3]
  34. ^ Embassy of Spain in Montevideo (in Spanish only) Archived 2009-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^ Embassy of Uruguay in Madrid (in Spanish only)
  36. ^ "Uruguay and Switzerland — cultural and economic Benefits from new Market opportunities". Mercosur. Archived from the original on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2009-05-14. Switzerland and Uruguay feature relatively stable and reliable democracies. And both countries share a long history of mutual economic relations. ... This Swiss settlement was soon to become known for the exceptional quality of its cheese and other dairy products. As transport developed, the farmers began selling their products on an unprecedented scale, notably to Argentina and even to Switzerland. ... Uruguay and Switzerland laid down the cornerstone of their cooperation in 1938: The two countries signed a trade agreement aimed to enhance commercial cooperation. And in 1991, an agreement on the mutual protection of investments became effective.
  37. ^ Lijphart, Arend (1980). Democracy in plural societies. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-02494-0. Switzerland and republican Austria have not been colonial powers, but some attention should be paid to the case of Uruguay for which Swiss democracy served ...
  38. ^ Thomas J. Knight, Latin America comes of age (Scarecrow Press, 1979), 24.
  39. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Buenos Aires, also accredited to Uruguay (in Spanish and Ukrainian only)
  40. ^ British embassy in Montevideo Archived 2003-08-04 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]