Foreign relations of Kosovo

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Coat of arms of Kosovo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kosovo
Constitution and law

Foreign relations of Kosovo are accomplished by efforts of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo. Kosovo operates 24 embassies abroad and is host to 21 Embassies in Pristina. Kosovo has membership in several International Organisations.

On 17 February 2008, members of the Assembly of Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. This move was controversial among the international community. International supervision ended in September 2012,[1] and Kosovo became responsible for its own governance.[2] The Republic of Kosovo has been recognised by 111 UN member states, the Republic of China (Taiwan), the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, the Cook Islands, and Niue. Additionally some countries that don't formally recognise the Republic of Kosovo (China, Russia, Romania, Slovakia, Greece) maintain non-diplomatic official "liaison offices" in Kosovo; as does the European Union.

The current Foreign Minister of Kosovo is Enver Hoxhaj.

Status of diplomatic relations[edit]

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo has initiated the process of establishing diplomatic relations with all states that have recognised Republic of Kosovo, either by opening new missions or through accreditation of non-resident ambassadors to these countries.[3]

The Republic of Kosovo has established diplomatic relations with 86 countries:

Foreign relations of Kosovo
  diplomatic relations and recognition
  diplomatic recognition only
Country Establishment
of
Diplomatic
Relations
Status of
Diplomatic
Mission
in Kosovo[4]
Status of
Diplomatic
Mission
in the country[5]
Notes
 Afghanistan[6] 17 June 2013
 Albania[7][8][9] 18 February 2008 Embassy Embassy Albania–Kosovo relations
 Andorra[10] 14 September 2011
 Australia[11][12] 21 May 2008 Embassy Australia–Kosovo relations
 Austria 20 March 2008 Embassy Embassy Austria–Kosovo relations
 Bahrain[13] 12 March 2014
 Belgium[14] 10 April 2008 Liaison office Embassy Belgium–Kosovo relations
 Belize[15] 30 April 2016
 Brunei[16] 20 February 2017
 Bulgaria 27 May 2008 Embassy Embassy Bulgaria–Kosovo relations
 Burkina Faso[17] 6 December 2012
 Canada[18] 7 April 2009 Embassy
 Comoros[19] 6 June 2015
 Cook Islands[20] 18 May 2015
 Costa Rica[21][22] 23 September 2013
 Croatia[23] 30 June 2008 Embassy Embassy Croatia–Kosovo relations
 Czech Republic[24] 16 June 2008 Embassy Embassy Czech Republic–Kosovo relations
 Denmark[25] 6 March 2008 Liaison office Denmark–Kosovo relations
 Djibouti[26] 22 March 2013
 Dominica[27] 12 December 2012
 El Salvador[28] 17 October 2014
 Estonia[29] 24 April 2008 Estonia–Kosovo relations
 Fiji[30] 13 February 2013
 Finland[31] 2 February 2009 Embassy Finland–Kosovo relations
 France 18 February 2008 Embassy Embassy France–Kosovo relations
 Gabon[32] 5 March 2014
 Gambia[33] 23 September 2016
 Germany 27 February 2008 Embassy Embassy German–Kosovan relations
 Ghana[34] 4 October 2012
 Grenada[35] 25 September 2013
 Guyana[36] 13 June 2013
 Honduras[37] 2 December 2010
 Hungary[38] 27 June 2008 Embassy Embassy Hungary–Kosovo relations
 Iceland[39] 15 May 2012
 Ireland 11 November 2008 Ireland–Kosovo relations
 Italy[40] 15 May 2008 Embassy Embassy Italy–Kosovo relations
 Ivory Coast[41] 24 August 2016
 Japan[42][43] 25 February 2009 Liaison office Embassy Japan–Kosovo relations
 Jordan[44] 5 June 2013
 Kuwait[45] 16 January 2013
 Latvia[46] 11 June 2008 Kosovo–Latvia relations
 Libya[47] 14 May 2014
 Liechtenstein[3][48] 28 June 2012 Kosovo–Liechtenstein relations
 Lithuania[49] 1 September 2008 Kosovo–Lithuania relations
 Luxembourg[50] 16 June 2011 Embassy
 Macedonia[51] 18 October 2009 Embassy Embassy Kosovo–Macedonia relations
 Malawi[52] 20 July 2016
 Malaysia[53][54] 23 March 2011 Kosovo–Malaysia relations
 Maldives[55] 16 April 2009 Kosovo–Maldives relations
 Malta[56] 22 September 2011
 Marshall Islands[57] 27 October 2013
 Mauritania[58] 10 February 2016
 Micronesia[59] 19 September 2013
 Monaco[60] 19 March 2008
 Montenegro[61] 15 January 2010 Embassy Kosovo–Montenegro relations
 Nauru[62][63] 23 April 2008
 Netherlands 27 June 2008 Embassy Embassy Kosovo–Netherlands relations
 New Zealand[64] 9 November 2009
 Niger[65] 25 January 2013
 Niue[66] 23 June 2015
 Norway 25 October 2008 Embassy Kosovo–Norway relations
 Oman[67] 4 February 2011
 Pakistan[68] 27 January 2013 Liaison office Kosovo-Pakistan relations
 Panama[69] 27 August 2013 Embassy Kosovo-Panama relations
 Portugal[70] 14 November 2011 Kosovo-Portugal relations
 Qatar[71] 7 January 2011
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[72] 5 March 2016
 Samoa[73] 10 March 2017
 San Marino[74][75] 3 May 2012
 Saudi Arabia[76][77] 7 August 2009 Embassy Kosovo–Saudi Arabia relations
 Senegal[78] 15 February 2014 Embassy (to open)[79]
 Singapore[80] 1 December 2016 Kosovo–Singapore relations
 Sierra Leone[81] 24 November 2015
 Slovenia 15 May 2008 Embassy Embassy Kosovo–Slovenia relations
 Solomon Islands[82][83] 28 April 2015
 Somalia[84] 6 June 2015
 Sweden[85][86] 28 March 2008 Embassy Embassy Kosovo–Sweden relations
  Switzerland 28 March 2008 Embassy Embassy Kosovo–Switzerland relations
 Tanzania[87] 2 April 2014
 Thailand[88][89] 22 November 2013 Embassy (to open)[79] Kosovo–Thailand relations
 Togo[90] 21 July 2014
 Turkey 18 February 2008 Embassy Embassy Kosovo–Turkey relations
 United Arab Emirates[91][92] 27 April 2010 Embassy (to open)[79] Kosovo–United Arab Emirates relations
 United Kingdom 18 February 2008 Embassy Embassy Kosovo–United Kingdom relations
 United States 18 February 2008 Embassy Embassy Kosovo–United States relations
 Vanuatu[93] 23 September 2010

Membership in international organisations[edit]

Enver Hoxhaj, Kosovo's Minister of Foreign Affairs, has stated that the country is considering making applications for membership in three United Nations specialized agencies in the first half of 2013,[94] and that an application for membership of the Council of Europe in 2014 is being prepared.[95] Deputy Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi reiterated the state's desire to join in December 2014.[96] Kosovo is also preparing a membership application for the World Trade Organization.[97] Joining NATO's Partnership for Peace is a priority of the government.[98]

Hoxhaj has said that Kosovo's goal is to be a full UN member state by 2020 and NATO member state by 2022.[99][100]

International Organisation Political Entity Represented Application date Admission date Status
Regional Cooperation Council (RCC)[101] Kosovo*[102][103][104] [when?] Member[105]
Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI) UNMIK [when?] Observer[106]
South East Europe Transport Observatory (SEETO) Kosovo* and UNMIK[107][108] 11 June 2004[109] Member
Energy Community Kosovo*[110][111] 1 July 2006 Member
European Common Aviation Area (ECAA) UNMIK 30 November 2006 Member
Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) UNMIK 6 April 2006 26 July 2007[112] Member
After the Declaration of the Independence
International Monetary Fund (IMF) Republic of Kosovo 10 July 2008[113] 29 June 2009[114] Member
World Bank (WB) Republic of Kosovo 10 July 2008[115] 29 June 2009[116] Member
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (ERBD) Republic of Kosovo[117] 2010 or 2009[118][when?] 17 December 2012[119] Member
Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB) Republic of Kosovo 14 June 2013[120] Member
Council of Bureaux (CoBx) Republic of Kosovo 2011[121] Applicant
Adriatic Charter Republic of Kosovo 29 March 2012[122] Applicant
NATO Partnership for Peace (PfP) Republic of Kosovo July 2012[123] Applicant
Council of Europe Venice Commission Republic of Kosovo 13 June 2014[124] Member
Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) Republic of Kosovo[125] 29 November 2014[126] Observer
South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP) Kosovo*[127] 23 May 2015[128] Member
Egmont Group of Financial Intelligence Units Republic of Kosovo 1 February 2017[129] Member
World Customs Organization (WCO) Republic of Kosovo 3 March 2017[130] Member
Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) Republic of Kosovo 6 November 2015[131] 5 January 2016[132][133] Member
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) Republic of Kosovo April 2015[134] Applicant
Bureau of International Expositions (BIE) Republic of Kosovo 18 March 2017[135] Member

Names used to represent Kosovo[edit]

Map of the Republic of Kosovo

Kosovo is represented under the name:

  • "Republic of Kosovo";
  • "Kosovo*" (with an asterisk),

depending on the particular international forum. A list is set out above. The name "Republic of Kosovo" is self-explanatory and is the preferred nomenclature of the Pristina Government. The name "Kosovo*" with an asterisk is used in other fora. Where this name is used, the asterisk is linked to a footnote which reads:

This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSC 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.

This "Kosovo*" designation was the outcome of an arrangement agreed to between Pristina and Belgrade in talks mediated by the European Union. This arrangement, which has been dubbed the "asterisk agreement" was agreed in an 11-point arrangement agreed on 24 February 2013.[136]

"UNMIK" is an acronmym for the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, which has joined several organizations on behalf of Kosovo.

International treaties and conventions[edit]

International treaty or convention Political Entity Represented Signature Ratification
Free Trade Agreement with Albania UNMIK 7 July 2003[137] 1 October 2003[138]
Free Trade Agreement with Macedonia UNMIK 2 February 2006[138]
Free Trade Agreement with Croatia UNMIK 28 September 2006[138] 1 November 2006[138][139]
Free Trade Agreement with Bosnia and Herzegovina UNMIK 19 October 2006[138] 1 December 2006[138][139]
EU Pan-EURO-MED RoO convention[140] Kosovo under UNSCR 1244

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  101. ^ Formerly the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe
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