Foreign relations of Solomon Islands

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The foreign policy of Solomon Islands as of 2008 was described by the Solomons government as a "look north" policy, aimed as strengthening diplomatic and economic relations with Asian countries for development purposes.[1]

Diplomatic Representation[edit]

Countries with diplomatic missions in Solomon Islands are the Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, South Korea and the United Kingdom. The U.S. ambassador resident in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea is also accredited to Solomon Islands. Canada, France, Germany, South Korea, Sweden and Malaysia have Honorary Consuls.

Solomon Islands has diplomatic missions in Canberra, Papua New Guinea, Taipei, at the United Nations in New York, where the ambassador there is also accredited as its ambassador to the United States of America, UNESCO in Paris and high commissioner to Canada and at the European Commission in Brussels where the representative is also accredited as High Commissioner to the UK.

Bilateral relations[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 29 July 2016.[2][3][4]

Australia[edit]

Relations with Australia were, until recently,[when?] strained, with prime minister Manasseh Sogavare, accusing Australia of "heavy-handed" interference in Solomon Islands' domestic affairs, subsequently expelling Australia's high commissioner Patrick Cole. In a nationally televised address, Sogavare claimed that the Australian-led security forces in Solomon Islands had not dealt properly with the country's underlying problems.[5]

"We are concerned that Canberra's policies are aimed at excluding and containing the peoples of the region, instead of working collectively to address fundamental problems of social instability that can only be solved through dialogue, rather than the use of development aid, and political force as leverage, to dictate Australia's involvement"

Sogavare also claimed that Australia's involvement in the region could be "driving this country down the path of another conflict that could be more serious" than the April 2006 riots that broke out after an election won by the former deputy prime minister Snyder Rini, when thousands of anti-government protesters burned down buildings in Solomon Islands' capital Honiara's Chinese district, alleging that either the People's Republic of China or the Republic of China had paid lawmakers to vote for Rini.[6]

Sogavare's successor, prime minister Derek Sikua, almost immediately set out to mend relations with Australia upon assuming office in December 2007.[7]

Austria[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations in October 2005.[8]

Azerbaijan[edit]

In February 2011, the United Nations Permanent Mission of the Republic of mutual understanding, cooperation, and to strengthen the friendly relations between the Republic of and the Solomon Islands signed a joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two. Communiqué on behalf of the government as well as the Permanent Representative of the United Nations, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Aqşin Mehtiev, on behalf of the Government of Solomon Islands Solomon Islands permanent representative of the United Nations, Collin D. Signed back.

Botswana[edit]

  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 17 November 2010.[9]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Canada[edit]

Cuba[edit]

In the late 2000s, Solomon Islands began to strengthen their relations with Cuba.

In April 2007, the Solomon Star reported that Solomon Islands' high commissioner to the United Nations was soon to be sworn in as ambassador to Cuba.[11] In September 2007, it was announced that 40 Cuban doctors would be sent to the Solomon Islands.[12] The Solomons’ Minister of Foreign Affairs Patterson Oti said that Solomon Islander doctors would "learn from their Cuban colleagues in specialised areas".[13] In addition to providing doctors, Cuba provided scholarships for 50 Solomon Islanders to study medicine in Cuba for free.[14]

In September 2008, Solomon Islands' foreign minister William Haomae attended the first Cuba-Pacific Islands ministerial meeting in Havana, aimed at "strengthening cooperation", notably in coping with the impact of climate change.[15]

In July 2014, Solomon Islands prime minister Gordon Darcy Lilo opened the Solomon Islands embassy in Havana, thus becoming the first Pacific Island country to have an embassy and resident ambassador in Cuba.[16]

Cyprus[edit]

  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 5 May 2010.[17]
  • Cyprus is represented in the Solomon Islands via parallel accreditation of its embassy in Canberra, Australia.[18]
  • Both countries are full members of Commonwealth of Nations.

Fiji[edit]

In August 2008, it was announced that Solomon Islands intended to open a High Commission in Suva,[19] and in December the government of Fiji announced that it had "formally endorsed the establishment of a Resident Diplomatic Mission in Suva by the Government of the Solomon Islands".[20] Fiji's High Commission to Papua New Guinea is accredited to Solomon Islands.

France[edit]

Relations between both countries are very limited.[21]

Georgia[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations in March 2011.[22][23]

Germany[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 11 July 1978.[24]

Greece[edit]

  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1987.[25]
  • Greece is represented in the Solomon Islands via parallel accreditation of its embassy in Canberra, Australia.[25]

Guyana[edit]

India[edit]

Diplomatic relations between India and the Solomon Islands were established in May 1987.

Israel[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations in January 1989.[27]

Japan[edit]

Diplomatic relations between Japan and Solomon Islands were established on 7 July 1978, the date the Solomon Islands became independent. Japan maintains an embassy at Honiara.[28]

Kosovo[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations in April 2015.[29]

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations in December 2014.[30]

Lithuania[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 September 2012.[31]

Latvia[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 28 June 2012.[32]

Malaysia[edit]

Malaysia has an honorary consul in Solomon Islands while Malaysia high commission in Port Moresby also accredited to the country,[33] and Solomon Islands has a high commission in Kuala Lumpur.[34][35][36]

Maldives[edit]

Marshall Islands[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 May 1990.[38]

Federated States of Micronesia[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 5 April 1990.[39]

Mongolia[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 13 October 2011.[40]

Montenegro[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 December 2010.[41]

Nepal[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 15 December 2011.[42]

Pakistan[edit]

Solomon Islands and Pakistan established foreign relations in February 2016, when high commissioner designate Naela Chohan, Pakistan's ambassador resident in Canberra, arrived in Honiara to sign an accord with minister for foreign affairs Milner Tozaka for the formal establishment of diplomatic ties.[43] A Joint Communique issued by the two senior officials remarked upon numerous areas of cooperation, including education, and policing, as well as bilateral trade ties[44]

Papua New Guinea[edit]

Relations with Papua New Guinea, which had become strained because of an influx of refugees from the Bougainville rebellion and attacks on the northern islands of Solomon Islands by elements pursuing Bougainvillean rebels, have been repaired. A peace accord on Bougainville confirmed in 1998 has removed the armed threat, but refugee return has been slow.[citation needed]

Relations between the current governments of prime minister Derek Sikua (Solomon Islands) and prime minister Michael Somare (Papua New Guinea) are, at present, cordial.[45]

Poland[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 6 March 2012.[46]

Romania[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 February 2011.[47]

Saint Vincent and Grenadines[edit]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations in July 2014.[50]

Serbia[edit]

Both countries have established diplomatic relations on 13 September 2012.[51]

Singapore[edit]

South Africa[edit]

  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 11 December 1996.[53]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.

South Korea[edit]

Establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of (South Korea) and Solomon Islands is 15 September 1978.[54]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Solomon Islands and Switzerland established formal diplomatic relations on 20 December 2007, when representatives of both nations signed a joint communiqué in Canberra.[56] Beraki Jino, High Commissioner of Solomon Islands to Australia, and Christian Muhlethaler, Ambassador of Switzerland to Australia, signed the agreement on behalf of their respective governments.[56]

Taiwan[edit]

Solomon Islands has had diplomatic relations with the Republic of China (Taiwan) since 1983 and both maintain resident diplomatic missions in their respective capitals. In April 2017, Solomon Islands Deputy Prime Minister Manasseh Maelanga visited Taiwan and met with President Tsai Ing-wen at the Presidential Office Building in Taipei. Both of them discussed exchanges and future cooperation between the two sides.[57]

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 2014.[58]

Turkey[edit]

  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 8 March 1979.[59]
  • Turkey is represented in the Solomon Islands via parallel accreditation of its embassy in Canberra.[59]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 29 April 2010.[60]

United Kingdom[edit]

Bilateral relations with the UK remain strong. The UK's bilateral aid programme in Solomon Islands ended in early 2004 when the UK's regional aid programme came to a close. However, UK funding through the EU, the largest multilateral donor to Solomon Islands, will continue. The UK contributes almost 15% of the EU development budget in Solomon Islands. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office assistance to Solomon Islands is focussed on security sector reform, good governance, sustainable development and poverty alleviation. Among the activities supported in the last two years are: education on HIV/AIDS, rural clinics, collective farming and empowerment of women. Sir Nathaniel Waena, the Governor-General of Solomon Islands, visited the UK in 2006 to celebrate the Queen's 80th Birthday.

United States[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

In October 2008, Solomons prime minister Derek Sikua moved to establish economic relations with Caracas, hoping to benefit from comparatively cheap Venezuelan oil. In a rare display of bipartisanship, Solomons Opposition leader Manasseh Sogavare praised his political rival for this move, stating that -in the context of the 2008 global financial crisis- it would bring down the price of oil for Solomon Islanders, and boost the economy if the Solomons imported crude Venezuelan oil, refined it and then exported it to neighbouring countries.[61]

Vietnam[edit]

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 30 October 1996.[62][63]

Main multilateral involvement[edit]

Solomon Islands is a member of the United Nations, UNESCO, Commonwealth, South Pacific Commission, Pacific Islands Forum, International Monetary Fund, and the European Economic Community/African, Caribbean, Pacific Group (EEC/ACP)/(Lome Convention).

International organisation participation[edit]

ACP, AsDB, ESCAP, FAO, Commonwealth of Nations, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), IOC, ITU, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, United Nations, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTrO

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rethink for Solomons diplomatic missions", ABC Radio Australia, 9 September 2008
  2. ^ https://fabaexpresbiz.files.wordpress.com/2017/01/5242636a01.pdf
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 February 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ ONU, Argentina en (29 July 2016). "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Solomon Islands and the Argentine Republicpic.twitter.com/u85JpJrcE0". Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Howard stands by Solomons ambassador". ABC News Online. September 2006.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Solomons PM criticises Australia". BBC NEWS. 18 September 2006.
  7. ^ Tuhaika, Nina (23 January 2008). "Strained Relations on the Mend". Solomon Times.
  8. ^ "SOLOMONS, AUSTRIA SIGN DIPLOMATIC TIES - Pacific Islands Report". www.pireport.org. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
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  15. ^ "Cuba-Pacific ministerial meeting underway in Havana", ABC Radio Australia, 17 September 2008
  16. ^ siempreconcuba (24 July 2014). "Islas Salomón abrirá embajada en Cuba". Retrieved 29 December 2018.
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  19. ^ "Solomons considers High Commission in Suva", Radio Australia, 14 August 2008
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  34. ^ "PM Lilo Opens Malaysia Office". Solomon Times Online. 15 October 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  35. ^ George Herming (15 March 2013). "SOLOMON ISLANDS ESTABLISHES TWO NEW DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS OVERSEAS". Government of Solomon Islands. Office of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
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  59. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 March 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
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External links[edit]