Forest Hills–71st Avenue (IND Queens Boulevard Line)
Forest Hills–71st Avenue
|New York City Subway rapid transit station|
Manhattan bound platform
|Address||71st Avenue & Queens Boulevard
Queens, NY 11375
|Line||IND Queens Boulevard Line|
|Services||E (all times)
F (all times)
M (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
R (all hours except late nights)
|Transit connections|| MTA Bus: Q23, Q60, Q64, QM11, QM12, QM18
LIRR: City Terminal Zone (at Forest Hills)
|Platforms||2 island platforms
|Opened||December 31, 1936|
|Former/other names||71st–Continental Avenues–Forest Hills|
|Passengers (2016)||8,581,096 0.8%|
|Rank||42 out of 422|
|Next north||Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike (express): E
75th Avenue (local): E F
(Terminal): M R
World's Fair (IND World's Fair Line; demolished)
|Next south||67th Avenue (local): E M R
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue (express): E F
|Next north||Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike: E F|
|Next south||Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue: E F M R|
Forest Hills–71st Avenue (previously known as 71st–Continental Avenues) is an express station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway, located on Queens Boulevard at 71st (Continental) Avenue in Forest Hills, Queens. It is served by the E and F trains at all times, the R train at all times except late nights, and the M train on weekdays except late nights. It serves as the terminus for the latter two services.
The Queens Boulevard Line was one of the first lines built by the city-owned Independent Subway System (IND), and stretches between the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan and 179th Street and Hillside Avenue in Jamaica, Queens. The Queens Boulevard Line was in part financed by a Public Works Administration (PWA) loan and grant of $25,000,000. One of the proposed stations would have been located at 71st Avenue. In the late 1920s, with the news of the subway extension, real estate prices soared, and older buildings were demolished in order to make way for new development. In 1930, in anticipation of growth due to the building of the Queens Boulevard Line, several blocks of land along Queens Boulevard were rezoned so that fifteen-story apartment buildings could be built.
Queens Borough President George Harvey predicted that the introduction of the subway to Forest Hills would turn Queens Boulevard into the "Park Avenue of Queens". The construction of the subway encouraged the development of apartments, which after the line's completion would lure residents from Midtown Manhattan. There was even more development at the location surrounding this station location because it offered an affordable express route to Manhattan, making Forest Hills a more desirable place to live.
On December 31, 1936, the IND Queens Boulevard Line was extended by eight stops, and 3.5 miles (5.6 km), from its previous terminus at Roosevelt Avenue to Union Turnpike, and the 71st Avenue station opened as part of this extension.
The station was proposed as a transfer station between the never-built Queens Super-Express Bypass as part of the 1968 Program for Action, which would have significantly expanded railway and subway service in the five boroughs. Under a 1984 plan, the new express station would have been one of three stops on the 63rd Street Line extension east of 21st Street–Queensbridge, the other two stops being at Northern Boulevard and Woodside. The bypass station would have had a mezzanine, two platform levels (an upper platform for Jamaica- and Southeast Queens-bound trains; a lower platform for Manhattan-bound trains), a new elevator entrance, and an expanded mezzanine, with escalators and stairs connecting the new platform levels to the existing platforms. The new station would have been built on the south side of Queens Boulevard, south of the existing station.
In 2014, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority built a new signal tower for the Manhattan-bound platform. The agency also upgraded the station to compliance with the 1990 Americans With Disabilities Act; the upgrade included passenger elevators to serve the street level, mezzanine and platforms. This project, after a three-month delay, was completed by March 2014. A ribbon-cutting for the new elevators, however, wasn't held until May 2014.
|M||Mezzanine||Fare control, station agent
(Elevator on south side of Queens Boulevard between 70th Road and 71st Avenue)
|Southbound local||← toward World Trade Center late nights (67th Avenue)
← (boarding passengers only) toward Broadway Junction weekdays (67th Avenue)
← (boarding passengers only) toward Bay Ridge–95th Street all times except nights (67th Avenue)
|Island platform, doors will open on the left, right|
|Southbound express||← toward World Trade Center (Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue)
← toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue)
|Northbound express||→ toward Jamaica Center (Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike weekdays or 75th Avenue weekends) →
→ toward Jamaica–179th Street (75th Avenue) →
|Island platform, doors will open on the left, right|
|Northbound local||→ toward Jamaica Center late nights (75th Avenue) →
→ termination track →
The station has four tracks and two island platforms. It is the northern terminal for the local M and R trains, which stop on the outer tracks. To the east, the line widens to six tracks, with two tracks starting between the local and express tracks in each direction, then ramping down to a lower level, where they widen to four tracks and run under the 75th Avenue station to Jamaica Yard. F trains stop on the express track at all times, but switch to the local track to the east and continue on to Jamaica–179th Street. E trains stop on the express tracks at all times except late nights, when they make local stops along the Queens Boulevard Line. To the east, they continue on the express tracks (except evenings and weekends when they switch to the local track like the F) to Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer, with limited rush-hour express service to 179th Street.
Both outer track walls have a lime green tile band with a black border and small "71st AVE" signs below them, in white lettering on black tiles. The station's columns are painted in lime green with signs reading "71 - Forest Hills", while older signs on the black columns between the express tracks read "CONTINENTAL AVENUE - Forest Hills" in black lettering on a white border.
A signal tower and dispatchers' office is at the extreme eastern end of the northbound platform. A second smaller dispatcher's booth sits on the center of the Manhattan-bound platform.
There are three fare control areas on the full width mezzanine above the platforms and tracks. The full-time booth is near the east end of the station and is closest to the southern staircase going up to 71st Avenue and Queens Boulevard. One of the part-time booths is in the same area in the middle of the mezzanine and is closest to 108th Street and 71st Avenue. The other part-time booth is at the west end by 70th Road and Queens Blvd and has only one street stair. There are seven staircases to each platform.
On the current MTA map and published timetables, the station name is "Forest Hills–71st Avenue." In the past, "Continental Avenue" (the alternative name of 71st Avenue used in nearby Forest Hills Gardens) has been included in the name and is used on the rollsigns of older rolling stock such as the R32. As of 2011[update], the platform signage reads 71–Continental Av–Forest Hills.
Points of interest
Nearby points of interest include:
- Austin Street, a major business thoroughfare in Forest Hills, located south of the station.
- Forest Hills LIRR Station, located in Station Square in Forest Hills Gardens at Burns Street.
- West Side Tennis Club, containing Forest Hills Stadium, which hosted the US Open tennis tournament until 1977.
- "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
- "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
- More Subway Stations in Manhattan, Bronx in Line to Get Online, mta.info (March 25, 2015). "The first two phases included stations in Midtown Manhattan and all underground stations in Queens with the exception of the 7 Main St terminal."
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Duffus, R.L. (September 22, 1929). "OUR GREAT SUBWAY NETWORK SPREADS WIDER; New Plans of Board of Transportation Involve the Building of More Than One Hundred Miles of Additional Rapid Transit Routes for New York". The New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- "QUEENS SUBWAY WORK AHEAD OF SCHEDULE: Completion Will Lead to Big Apartrnent Building, Says William C. Speers.". The New York Times. April 7, 1929. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
- "Queens Lauded as Best Boro By Chamber Chief". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 23, 1929. p. 40. Retrieved October 4, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- New York Times, New Subway Routes in Hylan Program to Cost $186,046,000, March 21, 1925, page 1
- "TEST TRAINS RUNNING IN QUEENS SUBWAY; Switch and Signal Equipment of New Independent Line Is Being Checked.". The New York Times. December 20, 1936. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Hirshon, Nicholas; Romano, Foreword by Ray (January 1, 2013). Forest Hills. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738597850.
- "QUEENS TO HAVE 15-STORY HOUSE; Tall Structure for New Residential Development in ForestHills Area.NEAR BOULEVARD SUBWAYSeveral Blocks Rezoned for High Buildings Between Jamaicaand Kew Gardens. Apartment Height's Increase.". The New York Times. March 23, 1930. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "NEW RETAIL AREA IN QUEENS BOROUGH; Sees Roosevelt Avenue Subway Station as Great Shopping Centre. ADVANTAGES POINTED OUT Accessibility to Many Home Communities Assures Potential Market.". The New York Times. July 9, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Reproduction Poster of Extension to Union Turnpike – Kew Gardens". Flickr – Photo Sharing!. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Roger P. Roess; Gene Sansone (August 23, 2012). The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York City Transit System. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 416–417. ISBN 978-3-642-30484-2.
- "PWA Party Views New Subway Link: Queens Section to Be Opened Tomorrow Is Inspected by Tuttle and Others". nytimes.com. The New York Times. December 30, 1936. Retrieved June 27, 2015.
- "CITY SUBWAY OPENS QUEENS LINK TODAY; Extension Brings Kew Gardens Within 36 Minutes of 42d St. on Frequent Trains.". The New York Times. December 31, 1936. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "OPENING MOVED UP FOR NEW SUBWAY; Traffic to Be Started on the Extension of City's Line to Kew Gardens on Thursday. EIGHT STATIONS ARE ADDED La Guardia and Official Party Will Inspect New Queens Branch on Wednesday.". The New York Times. December 26, 1936. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Queens Subway Options Study, New York: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Urban Mass Transit Administration. May 1984. pp. 83–. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- Erlitz, Jeffrey (February 2005). "Tech Talk". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders Association. 48 (2): 9–11. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- "Forest Hills Subway Station Project Delayed by Three Months". DNAinfo New York.
- "Forest Hills Subway Station Renovation to End in March, MTA Says". DNAinfo New York.
- "71st Avenue Station Renovation in Forest Hills will Wrap This Month". brownstoner.com.
- "Forest HIlls-71st Av. ADA Elevators". Flickr.
- Lynch, Andrew (May 10, 2017). "New York City Subway Track Map" (PDF). vanshnookenraggen.com. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
- Cox, Jeremiah (September 26, 2004). The lime green trim and 71st Ave text underneath it along the platform walls at 71-Continental Av. (image).
- DanTD (March 16, 2017). Continental Avenue-Forest Hills; Old Sign (photograph). Retrieved July 29, 2017.
- Cox, Jeremiah (June 2, 2008). Looking down the Manhattan-bound platform at 71-Forest Hills as the column signs say (image).
- "SUBWAY-SIDEWALK INTERFACE PROJECT: 71ST/CONTINENTAL AVENUES STATION" (PDF). transalt.org. Transportation Alternatives, City of New York, New York City Department of City Planning, New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Forest Hills" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
- "E Subway Timetable, Effective June 25, 2017" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- "NYC Subway Historical Maps". Retrieved September 27, 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue (IND Queens Boulevard Line).|
- nycsubway.org – IND Queens Boulevard Line: 71st/Continental Aves./Forest Hills
- Station Reporter — E Train
- Station Reporter — F Train
- Station Reporter — R Train
- Station Reporter — M Train
- The Subway Nut — 71st Street–Continental Av–Forest Hills Pictures
- 71st Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View
- Entrance between 71st Avenue and 70th Road from Google Maps Street View
- 70th Road entrance from Google Maps Street View
- Platforms from Google Maps Street View