Forest Park, Ohio

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Forest Park, Ohio
City
Part of the Forest Fair Village shopping mall
Part of the Forest Fair Village shopping mall
Motto: "Positioned For Progress"
Location in Hamilton County and the state of Ohio.
Location in Hamilton County and the state of Ohio.
Coordinates: 39°17′11″N 84°31′13″W / 39.28639°N 84.52028°W / 39.28639; -84.52028Coordinates: 39°17′11″N 84°31′13″W / 39.28639°N 84.52028°W / 39.28639; -84.52028
Country United States
State Ohio
County Hamilton
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Charles Johnson (D)[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 6.48 sq mi (16.78 km2)
 • Land 6.48 sq mi (16.78 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[3] 837 ft (255 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 18,720
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 18,682
 • Density 2,888.9/sq mi (1,115.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 45240
Area code(s) 513
FIPS code 39-27706[6]
GNIS feature ID 1040570[3]
Website www.forestpark.org

Forest Park is a city in Hamilton County, Ohio, United States. The population was 18,720 at the 2010 census.[7]

Geography[edit]

Forest Park is located at 39°17′11″N 84°31′13″W / 39.28639°N 84.52028°W / 39.28639; -84.52028 (39.286408, -84.520363).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.48 square miles (16.78 km2), all land.[2]

Borders[edit]

Forest Park borders the following:

Cities

Villages

Townships

Counties

History[edit]

The City of Forest Park, Ohio was founded in 1956 after private developers Marvin Warner and Joseph Kanter purchased 3,400 acres of the 5,930 acres originally set aside in 1935 by the Resettlement Administration, designed under President Franklin D. Roosevelt to relocate struggling urban and rural families to communities planned by the government called Greenbelt towns.

In 1949 the greenbelt concept was abandoned and the 3,400 acres of Greenhills, a greenbelt town north of Cincinnati, Ohio, became available. In March 1956 the first residential area of Forest Park, C section, was opened.

From its early years, Forest Park has been an “open city,” regularly adopting and passing resolutions and ordinances welcoming citizens regardless of race, creed or national origin, and the city has battled to maintain its commitment to diversity.

In 1978 the Forest Park Housing Commission created “A Comprehensive Strategy for Maintaining Diversity in Forest Park," “ to combat discriminatory practices by realtors, builders and corporations."[9]

After a 1980 lawsuit filed by the city against a builder was dismissed for insufficient evidence, the Forest Park council issued a statement declaring that “people have the right to choose where to live, work or play based on their own free choice. That right must be secured for all people and never be artificially restricted.”[10]

The Quality of Integrated Life resolution of 1982 would serve as a guide to integrated living, reinforcing the long-held view that diversity was a strength of Forest Park as the city moved toward a new century.

In 1991 it was reinforced when a Quality of Life Task Force issued a vision statement reflecting the “shared values of a multicultural citizenry.”[11] Forest Park’s commitment to diversity in an open community became a model for 21st century living.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 15,139
1980 18,770 24.0%
1990 18,609 −0.9%
2000 19,463 4.6%
2010 18,720 −3.8%
Est. 2015 18,676 [12] −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 18,720 people, 7,212 households, and 4,924 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,888.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,115.4/km2). There were 7,854 housing units at an average density of 1,212.0 per square mile (468.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 24.9% White, 65.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.9% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.4% of the population.

There were 7,212 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 21.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.13.

The median age in the city was 35.8 years. 26.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 11.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.4% male and 53.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 19,463 people, 7,505 households, and 5,238 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,990.4 people per square mile (1,154.3/km²). There were 7,748 housing units at an average density of 1,190.4 per square mile (459.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 36.70% White, 56.26% African American, 0.11% Native American, 3.67% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 2.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population.

There were 7,505 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $49,298, and the median income for a family was $55,618. Males had a median income of $38,682 versus $28,454 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,820. About 5.1% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Winton Woods City School District covers most of Forest Park, along with Greenhills and Springfield Township.


Forest Park is served by a branch of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hamilton County Officials 2016" (PDF). Hamilton County Board of Elections. 27 January 2016. p. 11. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Forest Park city, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ City of Forest Park Housing Commission, “A Comprehensive Strategy for Maintaining Diversity in Forest Park,” typescript, March, 1978, files of the Forest Park Historical Society.
  10. ^ Forest Park Council, Resolution No. 30-1982, “Expressing the Policy of the Forest Park City Council with Regard to the Issuance of a ‘Quality of Integrated Life Statement’ in the City of Forest Park,” passed unanimously April 19, 1982; Cincinnati Post, March 20, 29 and 30, 1982; Cincinnati Enquirer, March 27 and 30 and April 20, 1982; Millcreek Valley News, April 8 and 29, 1982.
  11. ^ The New Times, April 20,1991.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Forest Park Branch". Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 

External links[edit]