Forest Park, Ohio
|Forest Park, Ohio|
Part of the Forest Fair Village shopping mall
|Motto(s): "Positioned For Progress"|
Location in Hamilton County and the state of Ohio.
|• Mayor||Charles Johnson (D)|
|• Total||6.48 sq mi (16.78 km2)|
|• Land||6.48 sq mi (16.78 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||837 ft (255 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||18,682|
|• Density||2,888.9/sq mi (1,115.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1040570|
Forest Park is located at (39.286408, -84.520363).
Forest Park borders the following:
The City of Forest Park, Ohio was founded in 1956, two years after private developers Marvin Warner and Joseph Kanter purchased 3,400 acres of 5,930 acres north of Cincinnati originally set aside in 1935 by the Resettlement Administration under President Franklin D. Roosevelt to relocate struggling urban and rural families to one of three such communities planned by the government called Greenbelt towns.
The Greenbelt concept was abandoned in 1949 and the as yet undeveloped acreage of Greenhills, Ohio, which had opened in 1938, became available for purchase by the Warner-Kanter Corporation in 1954. After two years of planning they opened homes for purchase in the first residential area of Forest Park, the C section, in March 1956.
After growing to a population of 4800 in 1960 and incorporation as a village in 1961, then achieving city status in 1968, Forest Park intentionally became an “open city,” regularly adopting and passing resolutions and ordinances welcoming citizens regardless of race, creed or national origin, a policy intended to maintain the city’s commitment to diversity.
Toward this end, in 1978, the Forest Park Housing Commission created “A Comprehensive Strategy for Maintaining Diversity in Forest Park, “to combat discriminatory practices by realtors, builders and corporations.”
After a 1980 lawsuit filed by the city against a builder was dismissed for insufficient evidence, the Forest Park council issued a statement declaring that “people have the right to choose where to live, work or play based on their own free choice. That right must be secured for all people and never be artificially restricted.”
The Quality of Integrated Life resolution of 1982 would serve as a guide to integrated living, reinforcing the long-held view that diversity was a strength of Forest Park as the city moved toward a new century. In 1991 this view was reinforced when a Quality of Life Task Force issued a vision statement reflecting the “shared values of a multicultural citizenry.”
In the minds of its residents and outsiders, Forest Park’s commitment to diversity in an open community became a model for 21st century living.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 18,720 people, 7,212 households, and 4,924 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,888.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,115.4/km2). There were 7,854 housing units at an average density of 1,212.0 per square mile (468.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 24.9% White, 65.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.9% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.4% of the population.
There were 7,212 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 21.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.13.
The median age in the city was 35.8 years. 26.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 11.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.4% male and 53.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 19,463 people, 7,505 households, and 5,238 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,990.4 people per square mile (1,154.3/km²). There were 7,748 housing units at an average density of 1,190.4 per square mile (459.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 36.70% White, 56.26% African American, 0.11% Native American, 3.67% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 2.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population.
There were 7,505 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $49,298, and the median income for a family was $55,618. Males had a median income of $38,682 versus $28,454 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,820. About 5.1% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Winton Woods City School District covers most of Forest Park, along with Greenhills and Springfield Township.
- "Hamilton County Officials 2016" (PDF). Hamilton County Board of Elections. 27 January 2016. p. 11. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Forest Park city, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- City of Forest Park Housing Commission, “A Comprehensive Strategy for Maintaining Diversity in Forest Park,” Typescript, March, 1978, Forest Park Historical Society Archives.
- Forest Park Council, Resolution No. 30-1982, “Expressing the Policy of the Forest Park City Council with Regard to the Issuance of a ‘Quality of Integrated Life Statement’ in the City of Forest Park,” passed unanimously April 19, 1982; Cincinnati Post, March 20, 29 and 30, 1982; Cincinnati Enquirer, March 27 and 30 and April 20, 1982; Millcreek Valley News, April 8 and 29, 1982.
- The New Times, April 20, 1991.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Forest Park Branch". Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County. Retrieved 12 June 2014.