Forest Research Institute (India)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Forest Research Institute)
Jump to: navigation, search
Forest Research Institute
Forest Research Institute Dehradun Main Campus
Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, distant view
Established 1906
Location India FRI and College Area, Dehradun
Website Official website

The Forest Research Institute is an institute of the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education and is a premier institution in the field of forestry research in India. It is located at Dehradun in Uttarakhand, and is one of the oldest institutions of its kind.In December 1991 the Forest Research Institute was conferred with the status of a Deemed to be University by the Government of India on recommendation of the UGC University Grants Commission.[1]

The Forest Research Institute campus hosts the IGNFA (Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy), the staff college that trains officers selected for the Indian Forest Service (IFS).

History[edit]

Founded in 1878 British Imperial Forest School,[2] by Dietrich Brandis.[3]

In 1906, reestablished as the 'Imperial Forest Research Institute', under the British Imperial Forestry Service (IFS).[2]

The 'Indian Forest College' was established in 1938; officers recruited to the Superior Forest Service by the states and provinces were trained there.

Architecture[edit]

Established as Imperial Forest Research Institute in 1906, Forest Research Institute (FRI) Dehradun, is a premier institution under the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE). Styled in Greeko Roman Architecture by C.G. Blomfield, the main building is a National Heritage which was inaugurated in 1929.

FRI Dehradun is one of the oldest institutions of its kind and acclaimed the world over. The Institute’s history is virtually synonymous with the evolution and development of scientific forestry, not only in India, but over the entire sub-continent. Set in a lush green estate spread over 450 hectares, with the outer Himalaya forming its back drop, the institute’s main building is an impressive edifice, marrying Greco-Roman and Colonial styles of architecture, with a plinth area of 2.5 hectares. The Institute has a developed infrastructure of all equipped laboratories, library, herbarium, arboreta, printing press and experimental field areas for conducting forestry research, quite in keeping with the best of its kind anywhere in the world. It is 7 km from Clock Tower, on the Dehradun-Chakrata motorable road and is of the biggest forest based training institute in India. Most of the forest officers are a product of this institute. The F.R.I. with its majestic building also houses a Botanical Museum for the attraction of tourists[4]

Location[edit]

FRI and College Area campus is a census town, between kashmir in the north and the Indian Military Academy to the south. The Tons River forms its Western Boundary.

Lawn at FRI in Evening

Training facility[edit]

Within its campus it hosts IGNFA (Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy), which is a separate organisation of the Indian Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). It also hosts the Central Academy for State Forest Services (CASFOS). The Wildlife Institute of India previously was on campus but now has shifted to Chandrabani, and is now an independent organisation under MoEF. IIFM is an independent autonomous organisation of MoEF and has good liasoning with FRI for forestry research and related activities. The deemed university of FRI runs four MSc courses viz. Cellulose & Paper Technology, Environment Management, Forestry Management, Wood Science Technology and two P.G.Diploma courses in Natural Resource Management and Aroma Technology. It also enrolls large number of research scholars every year for PhD.

The Front view of the Main FRI building.

Museum[edit]

FRI also contains a museum on forestry. It is open from 9:30am to 5:00pm daily, which an entry fee of Rs 25 per person and a nominal entry fee for vehicles. There are six sections in the museum:

  1. Pathology Museum
  2. Social Forestry Museum
  3. Silviculture Museum
  4. Timber Museum
  5. Non-Wood Forest Products Museum
  6. Entomology Museum

The Timber Museum has exhibits of the best-known and most common commercial woods. One hundred and twenty six commercially important species displayed along the walls of the museum provide the visitors an idea on the characteristics of these woods. The lower halves of the planks have been left in the natural state, while the upper half are oiled with the linseed oil to enhance the features of the timber. Hanging above the planks are photographs of the trees whose planks are displayed along with small maps indicating their distribution in India. The transparent photomicrographs in a separate case show the structure of common Indian Woods as seen under a microscope.One cubic feet of green wood sample contains about 16 liters of water and it requires seasoning. After seasoning a significant amount of water (2.7 litres) still remains in the wood. If wood is not seasoned, defects like warping, cracking and twisting occur. A number of models representing different methods of air seasoning, steam seasoning and solar kiln seasoning are on display. Timber engineering techniques using short dimensional timbers for large span of trusses are depicted. Cabinet designing is demonstrated using different timbers and various patterns. The center of attraction, however, is a transverse section of a 704-year-old Deodar (Cedrus deodara) tree, which was felled in 1919 from the hills of U.P. The natural and climatic events can be clearly traced by reading the annual rings. Depiction of Indian history starting from the date of construction of Qutub Minar to Jalianwala Bagh incident made on this exhibit makes it very interesting. Another section displayed is that of a 330-year-old teak (Tectona grandis). Walnut and Padauk burr (outgrowths on the stem) specimens are also items of interest.Popular and inexpensive use of plywood, laminated wood, compregnated wood, bamboo boards and diaper are demonstrated and bamboo and wooden springs for furniture and other articles are displayed. Comparative mechanical properties of different timbers are depicted for various end uses. There is a gun carriage wheel made of rosewood, shisham, and Andaman Padauk.

The Silviculture Museum displays models and Photographs on Silvicultural Systems practised for efficient and scientific management of the forests. The most important exhibits are a series of large models showing the chief methods practised for regulating the felling and regeneration of a forest. General aim is to utilize the soil fully for perpetual supply of timber in the most paying sizes. These methods vary with the species, extraction facilities, proximity of markets, and market requirements. A diagram showing examples of the methods in actual practice supplements each model. A model shows the altitudinal zonation of forest types. The species composition in the forests varies from place to place due to different elevations according to altitudinal variations. Attempt has been made in this model to indicate forest species that occur from plains to the higher hills. Different types of tools used in forestry operations form a unique set of exhibits. The sketches of wildlife of India are educative for school children.

Forest Pathology museum houses 900 exhibits of various economically important tree diseases and timber decays. Exhibits are arranged on the basis of two broad host groups: hardwood and conifers. These are further divided according to the part of the plant affected namely root disease, stem disease and foliage disease. Important tree diseases such as heart-rot in khair, sal, teak and deodar and root-rot in khair, sal and pines have been displayed. Degradation of timber and timber products caused by micro- organisms are also displayed.Beneficial role of fungi as mycorrhiza to establish and promote tree growth especially in pines and the value of fungi as a source of food are also displayed.

Nonwood Forest products museium shows a comparison between the conventional resin tapping technique and the newly developed rill method for resin tapping. Samples of turpentine oil and rosin, and a variety of species of bamboo found in our country make a unique collection. Exhibits also include samples of miner forest products such as katha, cutch, Lac products, essential oils, edible products, fatty oils, spices, drugs, tans, gums, etc. There are exhibits showing walking sticks, batons, sports goods, paper, matches, baskets, and products from grasses, leaves, flosses, etc.

Social Forestry museum depicts the effect of environment with and without trees on productivity and economy of the villages. Photographs and Models show effect of tree growth on fuelwood, fodder and other forest products. Models show the nursery techniques for raising planting stocks, planting techniques and various protective measures for the plants. Models of improved smokeless chulhas to demonstrate the efficient use of fuelwood. Exhibits demonstrate the possibilities of establishing suitable cottage industries based on social forestry products and role of social forestry in providing employment, particularly to the landless people

Entomology museum contains about 3,000 exhibits representing the various stages of insect pests and the nature of damage caused by them to seed, seedlings, standing trees, felled timbers, bamboos and also finished products. Exhibits are arranged alphabetically according to plant genera. Important forestry pests like sal heart-wood borer, teak defoliator, Meliaceae shoot borer, poplar defoliators, deodar defoliator, sissoo defoliator, babul stem and root borer, their biology, life history and nature of damage have been depicted along with methods to control them.Some of the insecticides and their application equipments are also exhibited. A depiction of the life history of termites and their control makes a very educative piece. Various commercial timbers have been graded according to their termite resistance property.


In Popular culture[edit]

More than half a dozen movies Dulhan Ek Raat Ki, Krishna Cottage, Rehnaa Hai Terre Dil Mein, Kamra No. 404, Paan Singh Tomar, Nanban, Student of the Year, Dilli Khabar, Yaara and Dear Daddy were majorly shot in this campus. Television commercial ad of Bournvita is also shot here (current as of July 2013). [5]

Ras Bihari Bose worked here as a head clerk, before becoming a full-time participant in the Independence movement.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°20′38″N 77°59′58″E / 30.3439°N 77.9994°E / 30.3439; 77.9994