Forest School, Walthamstow

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Forest School
Forest-school-coat of arms.svg
Location
Forest School is located in London Borough of Waltham Forest
Forest School
Forest School
Forest School is located in Greater London
Forest School
Forest School
Forest School is located in England
Forest School
Forest School
Forest School is located in the United Kingdom
Forest School
Forest School
, ,
E17 3PY

England
Coordinates51°35′10″N 0°00′33″E / 51.5861°N 0.0093°E / 51.5861; 0.0093Coordinates: 51°35′10″N 0°00′33″E / 51.5861°N 0.0093°E / 51.5861; 0.0093
Information
TypeIndependent School
MottoIn Pectore Robur
(Heart of oak or Strength in the Heart)
Religious affiliation(s)Anglican
Established1834
GenderCo-educational
Age4 to 18
Enrolment1,340 (approx.)
Houses14
Colour(s)Royal Blue & White          
Former pupilsOld Foresters
Website

Forest School is an independent school in Walthamstow in the London borough of Waltham Forest. The school occupies a large campus around its original Grade II listed Georgian and Victorian terraced buildings.[1]

History[edit]

Foundation and the first two decades[edit]

The earliest buildings at the front of the school date from the eighteenth century, when the site consisted of brick kilns and adjoining cottages owned by Thomas Skingle, a brick maker.[2] In 1830 Exeter College was established there by William Oram, however it was unsuccessful and by 1833 had closed down. However, this did not deter the owner, Archibald du Boulay, and following a meeting at his house on 17th February 1834 it was decided to try again, and thus the idea of Forest Proprietary Grammar School was launched. The owners of the new school were mainly local dignitaries, their President was William Taylor Copeland, and they recruited Rev. Thomas Dry as the first headmaster. The school opened on 1st October 1834 with 22 pupils.[3]

Walthamstow had a very rural setting at this time, before the railway opened in 1870, but the school's location on the Snaresbrook Road and Woodford New Road coaching routes to London gave it good links to the city. The school prospered in its first few years, and before the end of the decade had 80 pupils, the majority being borders.[2] The School Library opened in 1836, making it the longest surviving Forest institution.[3]

The 1840s were a difficult decade for the school, with pupil numbers falling and rising costs. It is not clear exactly what caused this, but there were complaints of brutality and neglect, and it was decided to close the school in 1844. However the new headmaster Mr J. F. Boyes was determined it should be saved, and he was able to stave off the school's closure during his time in charge (1844-1848).[3] By the time Mr Boyes came into a fortune in 1848 and therefore moved on from Forest, it is clear his efforts had stabilised the school's position. In 1848, Forest's third headmaster was John Gilderdale, who firmly put the school on its feet and laid the foundations for it to be one of the most successful nineteenth century schools.[3] It was during Gilderdale's time in charge that "In Pectore Robur" became the school's motto. In June 1857 the School Chapel was opened, a fitting way to end his reign at the school.[3]

Frederick Barlow Guy and the school's expansion[edit]

It was in the summer of 1857 that Frederick Barlow Guy took over from his father-in-law as Forest's headmaster, beginning a period of almost 80 years when a Guy would be in charge of the school. Frederick Guy, who earlier had been Bradfield College's first headmaster, was Forest headmaster from 1857-1886.[2]

The school grew in size to about 100 pupils, and several major building projects were completed which vastly developed and expanded the school's facilities. In 1859 the Sick Cottage (later the Senior Common Room) was built, followed by the first swimming pool in 1865 (it was replaced in 1877), the gymnasium in 1872, enlarged chapel in 1875 and the Fives Court in 1879. The largest building project was opened at the end of Guy's reign in 1886, when the grand Dining Hall was opened.[3]

Academically the school also expanded; in 1860 the first Shakespeare Play, in 1865 the first edition of the School Magazine, and in 1883 the Cadets was formed. William Morris, a former private pupil of Frederick Guy, presented a banner to the school in 1879, still held in the dining hall. In 1886, Frederick's son Thomas Edward Barlow "Ned" Guy took over as headmaster, until in 1894 he left to be the parish priest at Fulford, in Yorkshire.[2]

Forest's influence on Association Football[edit]

The Common at the front of the school was the site for all early Forest cricket and football matches.

Forest had an important role in the development and creation of Association Football, and the Common at the front of the school may well be regarded as a "cradle of the game".[4] In the school's early years there was no sport apart from informal kick-abouts by the pupils, but by the 1840s cricket was played and hockey was in vogue in the early 1850s. Football began at Forest in 1857 when Frederick Guy took over as headmaster; it was played on The Common, at the front of the school. The Common was a rather uneven playing surface, with the great chestnut trees at the side of the pitch "in play" and some famous iron railings marking the north end of the pitch. Tradition records some great battles between Charles W. Alcock and F.J. Poole, in which the object was to barge the other player over the iron railings![2] The earliest reported match against another school was in Forest's first season on 24th February 1858, when Forest beat Chigwell School 5-4 on The Common.[5] Another early game was on Saturday 16 November 1861, when Forest School, (playing as "Walthamstow"), lost to a Westminster School side (playing as "Bounding Bricks") by three goals to nil.[6] A return match was played four weeks later, and in 1862 the school played against Old Westminsters (playing as Elizabethan Club).[7]

By 1863, Forest football had a major influence on the development of the game, and it was involved in the formation of the Football Association and also the leading club at the time, The Forest Club. Forest School joined the F.A. for its fifth meeting, on 1 December 1863, when John Bouch and David John Morgan represented the school on a 15-man committee.[8] It was at this fifth F.A. meeting that the important amendment was made to the rules that running with the ball and hacking would be removed, and Forest, an opponent of such "Rugby rules", would have been influential in voting for this change.[9] Forest School is the second oldest continuous member of the F.A., behind only the Civil Service. W.J. Cutbill, a member of the 1863 school team, also served as an early member of the F.A. Committee.[4][2] H. Tubb, captain of Forest in 1868, has been said to have been an F.A. Committee member, but this is not backed up by F.A. records and is probably a mistaken reading of a reference from the 1888 Forest School Magazine of him being part of the school committee.

Although a member of the F.A. from almost the very beginning, the school's own rules, "The Forest Rules", were still played up until 1867, with 15 players a side. The Wanderers described the Forest Rules as "a happy mixture of Rugby, Harrow and Charterhouse rules". It was essentially a dribbling game, and "shinning, hacking and tripping" was not allowed. From the 1867-68 season Forest decided to play all its home matches under the rules of the Football Association, although away games could still be played under the local rules of the host club.[10] 15 players per side could still be played up until 1869.[4]

Forest is the only school to have played in the F.A. Cup, which it did for four seasons 1875-1879. The Old Foresters F.C., founded in 1876, entered the F.A.Cup in 12 seasons (1877-1889), and reached the quarter finals in 1882, losing 0-1 to Great Marlow at Slough in a replay after a 0-0 draw in the first meeting at The Oval. The 1887 campaign ended after a 0-3 defeat to Preston North End at Leyton, in front of 5,000 spectators.[11] Preston North End won the first ever Football League championship two years later. Other F.A.Cup games were played against future Football League clubs Middlesbrough, Grimsby Town and Watford Rovers (later to become Watford F.C.). Eight Old Foresters footballers have played international football.[4]

Ralph Courtenay Guy[edit]

In 1894 Ralph Guy took over from his brother as headmaster, continuing the Guy legacy and starting 40 years at the helm. Ralph Guy had been a pupil at Forest himself. He was a first class sportsman and he continued the strong sporting culture at the school; one of the first things he did was set up the annual "Sylvestrians" Cricket Week.[3] Edward L. Atkinson was taught at Forest in the 1890s, who went on to be the surgeon on Scott's last, fatal Antarctic Expedition, but had the good fortune to survive himself. The school's pupil numbers and facilities continued to grow: a new Sanatorium in 1902, an extended Junior School, a new Grub Shop and in 1906 the School's Science Laboratory was built at the south end of College Place on the site of the modern Theatre.[3]

The Great War of 1914-1918 affected Forest greatly as it did for the nation as a whole. There were many reports of the suffering and the heroism which Old Foresters endured during the conflict, and Lieutenant Geary's Victoria Cross and a number of Military Crosses bear testimony to the Old Foresters in battle.[3] The School Magazine reported first hand accounts of a Zeppelin raid taking place over London, and another occasion of the destruction of an airship by fire. 98 Old Foresters were killed in the Great War, their names are recorded on the south wall of the Chapel.[2] The 1920s saw the formation of the House System: Doctor's after Dr. F. B. Guy, Poole's after Prebendary F. J. Poole, and Johnians after John Gilderdale. Soon after the school celebrated its centenary, Ralph Courtenay Guy sold the school in 1935, and the Guy dynasty of almost 80 years was ended.[3]

Notable former pupils[edit]

Some notable OFs include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Forest School Including Main Block and Extensions, Waltham Forest". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Deaton, Guy (1993). Schola Sylvestris. Aylesbury: Hazell Watson & Viney Ltd. p. 12.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Wright, Gerald (2004). Forest School 1834-2004. Totton: Hobbs The Printers Ltd. p. 6.
  4. ^ a b c d Adams, P.C. (1976). From Little Acorns. Windsor.
  5. ^ Bell's Life In London, 7 March 1858
  6. ^ The Sporting Life, 20 November 1861
  7. ^ The Sporting Life, 7 December 1862
  8. ^ Harvey, Adrian (2005). Football: The First Hundred Years. Abingdon: Routledge. ISBN 0415350182.
  9. ^ Harvey, Adrian (2005). Football: The First Hundred Years. Abingdon: Routledge. ISBN 0415350182.
  10. ^ Forest School Magazine archive, 1867
  11. ^ The Preston Herald, 2 February 1887
  12. ^ "Forest School pupils earn Leyton Orient scholarships". Hackney Gazette. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  13. ^ McGinty, Stephen. The Scotsman, July 16, 2002. "The English Islamic Terrorist". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. July 16, 2002. Archived from the original on 19 September 2005. Retrieved 2006-09-22. As a child Omar was enrolled in the Forest School,[...]

External links[edit]