Forests of Canada

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A view of the river valley in Jacques-Cartier National Park, which is located in the Eastern forest-boreal transition

The forests of Canada are located across much of the country. Approximately half of Canada is covered by forest, totaling around 2.4 million km2 (0.93 million sq mi).[1] Over 90% of Canada's forests are owned by the public (Crown land and Provincial forest). About half of the forests are allocated for logging.

Named forests are found within eight distinct regions. These forests may also be part of ecosystems, a number of which extend south into the United States. For example, the Northern hardwood forest is an ecosystem located in large areas of southeastern and south central Canada as well as in Ontario and Quebec. This system extends south into the United States.


Taiga forest in the Boreal Forest Region in Quebec

The forests of Canada are located within eight regions:[2][3]

  • Columbia Forest Region - Also mostly comprising coniferous trees, this region is located between the Rocky Mountains and the central plateau in British Columbia.
  • Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Forest - This region is the second largest (the boreal being the largest), and is located from southeastern Manitoba to the Gaspé Peninsula.[5]
  • Montane Forest Region - Located in the west of Canada, this region covers parts of the Kootenays, the central plateau of British Columbia, and a number of valleys close to Alberta's border.[5]
  • Subalpine Forest Region - This region is located in British Columbia and Alberta. It covers the Rocky Mountains from the west coast Alberta's uplands.[5]

By Province[edit]

The following is a list of forests, ecoregions, ecozones, forested parklands and provincial parks.


British Columbia[edit]



Nova Scotia[edit]


Prince Edward Island[edit]



Saskatchewan's Aspen parkland


Other forest areas[edit]

Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests[edit]

View of Niagara River from Niagara Glen Nature Reserve
A view of the Niagara River from Niagara Glen Nature Reserve, surrounded by forest

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Total forest coverage by country". the Guardian. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Forest classification". Natural Resources Canada. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Forest Regions - The Canadian Encyclopedia".
  4. ^ "New England/Acadian Forests".
  5. ^ a b c d User, Super. "Canada's Forests - Sustainability and Management - CCFM".
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Eco Succession".

External links[edit]