Forged composite

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Forged composite is a type of carbon fiber SMC material composed of small pieces of carbon fiber composite material that are pressed into shape as the resin cures. This is in contrast to most carbon fiber composites, which are made of larger continuous layers that are 'laid up' one at a time, often manually. Forged composite allows for a higher range of shapes to be formed with precision, relative to traditional carbon fiber. It was originally developed jointly between Lamborghini, Callaway Golf Company, and the Lamborghini Lab. [1][2][3][4] It was unveiled at the 2010 Paris Motor Show in a Lamborghini concept car.[5] The United States trademark for forged composite was filed on July 13, 2010, in the category Toys and Sporting Goods Products by Callaway Golf,[6] while the trademark for Forged Composites was registered in 2018 in the automotive category by Lamborghini.[7]

Forged composite contains higher fiber volume content, which combined with higher variation in strand orientation, increases the average strength and reduce variability over standard carbon fiber.[8] The material is one-third as dense as metal titanium but stronger,[9] and consists of chopped carbon fiber tows that are sandwiched between two layers of filmed resin.[10] It uses about 500,000 intertwined fibers per square inch.[5] The fibers contain intertwined and folded sheets of carbon atoms aligned with the length of the fiber, and the intertwining improved the fiber strength. The result is improved load carrying capacity as measured in bending per unit of mass.[11] Due to its chopped nature, it can be molded into much more complex geometries than traditional carbon fiber composites, and is suitable to make three-dimensional parts and parts which feature complex details such as thickness transitions, holes, compound curvature, etc.

Lamborghini uses forged composite for structural components, and interior trim and seats of its cars, the latter contributing to its winning of the JEC Composites Innovation Award for Automotive Interiors in 2016, due to the material's unique appearance.[12] Union Binding Company entered a partnership with the Lamborghini ACSL in order to develop a snowboard binding using forged composite technology. In 2014, the all-forged composite "Union FC" snowboard binding was launched and subsequently won the 2014 ISPO Product of the Year Award.[13]

Callaway claims the use of forged composite results in an average about 8 yards (7 m) greater distance per drive relative to traditional carbon fiber when used in its driving golf clubs. The material can contribute to reduced weight in vehicles.

Forged Composite Look[edit]

Forged composite look demonstrated in engine bay cover prototype for Lamborghini Aventador

The 2010 debut of the Sesto Elemento showcased the new marbled look of carbon fiber obtained from using forged composite, which has since become a highly desirable aesthetic for carbon fiber parts, in particular in automotive and consumer goods.[14] Unlike the traditional woven carbon fiber look, the forged composite look is marbled and always unique due to the random nature of the material.

Since the launch of forged composite technology, several aesthetic applications making use of the coveted forged look have followed, including:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Structure, Sport and Style | Composites Manufacturing Magazine". Composites Manufacturing Magazine. 2012-01-01. Retrieved 2016-10-10.
  2. ^ "Sixth Element: Lamborghini accelerates CFRP". www.compositesworld.com. Retrieved 2016-10-10.
  3. ^ "Paris 2010: Lamborghini and Callaway Golf Partner On Carbon-Fiber Research, Create "Forged Composite"". Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  4. ^ Joseph, Noah. "Driving Force: Lamborghini and Callaway Golf collaborate on new forms of carbon fiber". Autoblog. Retrieved 2016-10-10.
  5. ^ a b Dumitrache, Alina (2010-10-01). "2010 Paris Auto Show: Lamborghini Forged Composite". autoevolution. SoftNews NET. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
  6. ^ "Forged Composite". Trademarkia.com. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
  7. ^ "Forged Composites Trademark Information". Trademarkia.com. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  8. ^ a b Feraboli, P.; Gasco, F. (2011). "Lamborghini "Forged Composite" Technology for the Suspension Arms of the Sesto Elemento" (PDF). American Society of Composites 26th Technical Conference Proceedings (Montreal, Quebec, Canada).
  9. ^ Newport, John Paul (2010-11-13). "Drive the Ball Like It's a Lamborghini, Maybe: Not Your Father's Persimmon: Callaway's Latest Assault on the Tee Box Is a New Material Called 'Forged Composite'". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
  10. ^ "The Next Frontier in Carbon Fiber: Forged Composite - Tech Dept". Retrieved 2016-10-10.
  11. ^ "Introducing Forged Composite". Callaway Golf Company. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
  12. ^ Group, Volkswagen. "Volkswagen Group Lamborghini Wins the Innovation Award at the JEC Composites 2016". www.volkswagenag.com. Retrieved 2016-10-10.
  13. ^ "Union Forged FC Binding Lands ISPO Product Of The Year | TransWorld SNOWboarding". TransWorld SNOWboarding. 2014-01-27. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  14. ^ "What is Forged Carbon Fiber? The Ultimate Guide to Forged Composites". Carbon Fiber Gear. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  15. ^ "Aventador J Photos". Lambocars.com. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  16. ^ Smeyers, Mark. "Veneno". LamboCars. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  17. ^ Klein, Jonathon. "Lamborghini's New Forged Composites Teased". Automobile Magazine. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  18. ^ Padeanu, Adrian. "Lamborghini teases Forged Composites diet for Huracan Performante". Motor1. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Toyota says carbon fiber usage is about more than saving weight". Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  20. ^ Schrader, Stef. "The Toyota Prius Prime is only good for one thing". Jalopnik. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  21. ^ Gardiner, Ginger. "Compression molding new materials and markets". CompositesWorld. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  22. ^ Wong, James. "2019 BMW 1 Series gets M Performance Parts". Car Advice. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  23. ^ Radu, Mihnea. "Mansory Bentayga has Forged Carbon Fiber widebody kit". autoevolution. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  24. ^ "Mansory Bentayga Wide Body". Mansory. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  25. ^ "2021 Dodge Durango SRT Hellcat: What we know so far". Car and Driver. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  26. ^ Orfei, Emiliano Perucca (9 September 2020). "Maserati MC20". Automoto.it. Retrieved 4 October 2020.