Fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo

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Fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo
Fork-tailed drongo Cuckoo.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Cuculiformes
Family: Cuculidae
Genus: Surniculus
Species:
S. dicruroides
Binomial name
Surniculus dicruroides
(Hodgson, 1839)

The fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo (Surniculus dicruroides) is a species of cuckoo that resembles a black drongo. It is found resident mainly in peninsular India in hill forests although some specimens are known from the Himalayan foothills. It can be easily distinguished by its straight beak and the white barred vent. It has a deeply forked tail often having a white spot on the back of the head. The song has been described as a series of 5 or 6 whistling "pip-pip-pip-pip-pip-" notes rising in pitch with each "pip".[2]

Call (recorded in southern India)
Fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo

It is a brood parasite on small babblers. It is not known how or whether the drongo-like appearance benefits this species but it is suspected that it aids in brood-parasitism just as hawk-cuckoos appear like hawks.[3]

The species was described by Brian Hodgson from Nepal as Pseudornis dicruroides.[4] It was later placed as a subspecies of Surniculus lugubris. In 2005 it was suggested that the species was should be split from the more narrowly defined square-tailed drongo-cuckoo Surniculus lugubris due to morphological and call differences.[2][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Surniculus dicruroides". International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2014-12-31.
  2. ^ a b Rasmussen, P. C. & Anderton, J. C. 2005 Birds of South Asia. The Ripley Guide. Smithsonian and Lynx Edicions
  3. ^ Davies NB & Welbergen JA (2008). "Cuckoo-hawk mimicry? An experimental test". Proc. Biol. Sci. 275 (1644): 1817–1822. doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.0331. PMC 2587796. PMID 18467298.open access
  4. ^ Hodgson, B. (1839). "On Cuculus". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 8: 136–137.
  5. ^ Fu-Min, Lei; Payne, Robert B. (2002). "Territorial songs of the drongo cuckoo complex (Surniculus lugubris & S. velutinus)" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 50 (1): 205–213.