Fork Union Military Academy

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Fork Union Military Academy
FUMA
Fork Union Military Academy (crest).jpg
Address
Fork Union Military Academy is located in Virginia
Fork Union Military Academy
Fork Union Military Academy
4744 James Madison Highway

,
CoordinatesCoordinates: 37°45′40.7″N 78°15′37.6″W / 37.761306°N 78.260444°W / 37.761306; -78.260444
Information
TypeAll-male, Military, Private, Boarding, College preparatory
MottoBody, Mind, and Spirit
Established1898
FounderDr. William E. Hatcher
PresidentCOL. David L. Coggins, USMC Ret.
DeanCOL Todd Giszack
ChaplainRev. James Benson
Teaching staff175
Grades7–12 + PG
Enrollment300-350 in the Upper School, 45-50 in the Middle School
CampusRural
Campus size500 acres (200 ha)[citation needed]
Color(s)Blue and Red         
MascotBlue Devils
NicknameFUMA
RivalHargrave Military Academy
NewspaperThe Sabre
YearbookThe Skirmisher
AffiliationBaptist General Association of Virginia
Website

Fork Union Military Academy is a private, all-male, Christian, military boarding school located in the town of Fork Union, Virginia. The school is more commonly known by its acronym FUMA (pronounced "foo-mah" as of late; "few-mah" in earlier times).

Fork Union is affiliated with the Baptist General Association of Virginia and accepts students from grades 7–12. The school has a post-graduate (PG) program, through which high school graduates can improve their athletic abilities and SAT scores in preparation for college. These PG students are often athletes seeking to qualify for Division I scholarships.[citation needed] The school has a regular academic session which runs from August to May and a four-week summer session in July.

History[edit]

Located on a 1,300-acre (530 ha) campus in the rolling hills of central Virginia's Piedmont region, Fork Union Military Academy was initially founded as Fork Union Academy in October 1898 by Dr. William E. Hatcher, a prominent local Baptist minister. The first class had nineteen boys and girls.

Fork Union's first ever barracks

In 1902, the academy took on a military structure to provide organization, discipline, and physical development for the boys of what was a rapidly growing school. In 1913, the academy became an all-male institution and changed its name to Fork Union Military Academy. That same year, the academy began receiving support from the Baptist General Association of Virginia, which continues to this day.

Some of its buildings are named after benefactors that have helped with upkeep, for example, the Guy E. Beatty Library, the Estes Dining Center, Hatcher Hall, the Wicker Science Center, and Jacobson Hall.

Mission[edit]

The official mission of Fork Union Military Academy is to educate, develop, and inspire young men in a college preparatory, Christian, military environment. Cadets build character, and learn leadership, independence, confidence, responsibility, and discipline in a setting that encourages mental, physical, and spiritual growth.[1]

Military organization is used to structure the daily routine. While the academy currently has no direct relationship with any branch of the military, the school's system has been in place for more than 100 years.[2]

The school offers a variety of sports, clubs and organizations for cadet participation during free time in the week and on weekends. Athletics and clubs are a popular diversion from the rigors of cadet life at Fork Union.

FUMA's crest shows a pair of crossed swords, a book and a star. These three symbols represent FUMA's leading principles and motto: body, mind, and spirit.

In addition to the academy's regular school session, a four-week, non-military summer session is offered in July including courses in English, history, foreign language, mathematics, science, and leadership.

Education[edit]

Fork Union prepares cadets for college, achieving a 100% acceptance rate. Graduating classes are routinely awarded millions of dollars in scholarships.[3] Both Standard and Advanced High School Diplomas are offered. The Academy previously offered a program which would allow cadets to graduate with college credits through a dual-enrollment program with Richard Bland College.

Organization[edit]

Fork Union is a non-profit organization that is governed by a Board of Trustees, many of whom are alumni and community leaders.

The school is fully accredited by the Virginia Association of Independent Schools, and is a member of the National Association of Independent Schools, and the Association of Military Colleges and Schools of the United States.[4]

One Subject Plan[edit]

Fork Union follows a unique curriculum schedule in the upper school (grades 9–12 and postgraduate) known as the One Subject Plan. Cadets at Fork Union take one subject at a time, as opposed to a conventional schedule with six to eight classes per day or a block schedule. The regular academic session is divided into five grading periods of seven weeks each. In each grading period, the cadets take one class. They remain with the teacher of that course all day, every day during that period. Fork Unions's low student-to-faculty ratio ensures that each teacher is usually responsible for about 10 to 17 students at a time. Fork Union states that this scheduling is beneficial for its cadets, as they are able to focus wholeheartedly on one subject at a time and benefit from the personal attention they receive from the teachers as a result of the schedule.[5]

Supervised study[edit]

A cadet studying during CQ in Snead Hall

Fork Union provides a scheduled supervised study time each Sunday through Thursday evening. All cadets are required to be at their desks in their rooms, studying for approximately two hours each school night. This study time is referred to as "call to quarters" (CQ).

Talking, playing music, watching television, and visiting other cadets' rooms are prohibited during CQ. Faculty members share supervisory duties to make sure that all cadets observe these CQ restrictions and spend their time actively studying.

Cadets who need tutoring or help with specific assignments can make use of "Peer Study" sessions that allow cadets to work together in the library, under supervision. Cadets in honors or advanced placement courses are allowed additional evening study time to complete their more demanding assignments.

Fork Union maintains that the CQ study period “helps instill good study habits that are essential to learning and succeeding in the classroom, both [at Fork Union] and at college. Students learn what they can accomplish in their lives when they focus.”[6]

Military structure and discipline[edit]

Fork Union Military Academy provides a structured military environment for its cadets. Military aspects of Fork Union's system include the wearing of uniforms, a military-style organization of personnel, accountability for personal appearance and the state of one's room, ranks, and a chain of command. The rank structure adopted by the Corps of cadets mirrors the US Army's enlisted ranks, with the exclusion of the ranks of PV2 and Specialist. Its officer ranks mirror those of the Army JROTC's rank structure, with the rank of Cadet Colonel rarely being used.

The corps and companies[edit]

The Corps of Cadets consists of a battalion, with the Middle School and Upper School recently being combined. Middle School cadets are 7th grade through 8th grade. The Middle School resides within Echo Company, and Middle School cadets come under the authority of Upper School officers assigned to Echo Company.

Snead Hall, previous home of Alpha, Band and Bravo Companies

The Upper School consists of cadets from 9th grade through Postgraduate year. The Upper School cadets reside in Jacobson Hall which is home to Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta, and Echo Companies. There is also a drill team company, Retan Rifle (which exists for special events only), that performs in parades across Virginia. Members of the Upper School marching band march in parades on campus (there are five parades per year at Fork Union's campus; there is one parade in October and there are four in May) and around the state along with Retan Rifles and Fork Union's Bagpipe Corps, which falls under the purview of the marching band. Cadet Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs) live as a part of each company. Each company is subdivided into three platoons, each with its own NCOs and Officers. Platoons are subdivided into Squads led by Cadet Sergeants. Squad and Platoon leaders are accountable to the higher company leadership and to adult members of the Commandant's Department, or Tactical Officers (TACs), who are assigned to each company to supervise the cadets. Cadets can hold many leadership positions ranging from squad leader (Cadet Corporal/Sergeant) to Battalion Commander (Cadet Lieutenant Colonel or, in exceptional circumstances, Cadet Colonel).

In 1946, and at least as early as 1944, there was a Junior School consisting of Grades 1 through 7. In the 1946 Skirmisher (the annual yearbook including all students) Grade 7 was listed in the Junior school as the Junior School Class of 1946. Grades 1 through 6 were simply listed as Grade 1, Grade 2, etc. There were 9 students in 1st Grade, 13 in 2nd Grade, 14 in 3rd Grade, 29 in 4th Grade, 43 in 5th Grade, 44 in 6th Grade, and 57 in 7th Grade.[7]

All the students had uniforms and marched as called for, especially in the Mother's Day Parade in 1946. However, only some of the 3rd graders were listed in Company C which were primarily the youngest students.

Inspections[edit]

A large part of the military system at Fork Union revolves around inspection of the cadet's rooms (room inspections) and personal appearance (PAI, or personal appearance inspections). Cadet's rooms are inspected daily to ensure they make their beds, wax and buff their floors to a high shine, organize all clothing, shoes, and drawers in the room in a specific manner, keep all surfaces dusted and clean, clean any streaks on windows or mirrors, keep their uniforms clean and pressed, and their shoes well shined. Three times per week (two inspections during the school week and one on Saturday morning, referred to as SMI, or Saturday morning inspection) a cadet's personal appearance is inspected to guarantee a clean shave, clean uniform, and well shined shoes.

Punishment[edit]

Violations of rules have predictable consequences. The most frequent form of consequences is based on a demerit system that can result in "tours" of marching back and forth for 30 minutes (30 minutes equals one "tour"). These penalty tours are known as "extra duty", or E.D., and are marched during the cadet's free time in the week and over the weekend. During the school week, Extra Duty tours take precedence over athletic commitments, so cadets with active tours may not be allowed to participate in athletic practice or games. If a cadet has pending tours over a weekend, they are ineligible to leave the campus for day passes or leaves. Each cadet is given a standard number of credits each month to offset potential demerit penalties, however once a cadet has exceeded these credits, each successive demerit is accompanied by a tour of E.D. Cadets with rank can give demerits to cadets of lower rank for offenses, but there is often an informal administrative process that includes several cadets of responsible rank and a faculty member. Infractions for study hall (CQ) violations and failure to complete homework are severe but do not negatively impact grades. For example, a cadet with a full set of credits who fails to turn in two consecutive homework assignments can quickly lose all his afternoon free time to marching tours for about half a week. A study hall infraction can also lead to loss of the ability to go home for a leave weekend. This is an incentive for cadets to complete their homework assignments. A cadet with an accumulation of excessive demerits can forfeit rank, privileges, free time, and sometimes even visits home. A cadet with an extremely bad attitude and severe conduct can even be expelled from the Academy.

Cadets are not permitted to haze or physically abuse one another and violation of these rules can result in expulsion. The Academy has a zero tolerance policy on alcohol and drugs. Possession or use will result in expulsion.

Honor system[edit]

The Honor Code restricts cadets at Fork Union from lying, cheating, or stealing or the toleration of anyone that does. Any cadet accused of a violation to the Honor Code is sent to the Honor Council, a group of cadets elected by the Corps of Cadets. If the cadet is found guilty, the Council will offer a recommendation of the proper punishment to the commandant, who ultimately makes the final decision on the appropriate response. Honor Code violations can result in referral to Tribunal; however, the Honor Council often makes a demerit-based recommendation to the commandant. In cases involving especially egregious or repeat offenses, the offending cadet can be recommended to a Faculty Tribunal, which has the authority to expel cadets.

Facilities[edit]

[8]

  • Hatcher Hall – Administrative offices and liberal arts classrooms
  • Wicker Science Building and Moretz Learning Center – Math and Science classrooms and Fork Union's planetarium
  • Vaughan Hall – Social Center / Student Activities[9]
  • Wicker Chapel
  • Veterans Memorial
  • Guy E. Beatty Library – 21,000 book library
  • Dorothy Estes Dining Hall
  • Thomas Gymnasium – Home of the Prep and Varsity basketball teams
  • Estes Athletic Complex - an 85,000-square-foot (7,900 m2) athletic center
  • Fork Union Aquatic Center - home to the nationally ranked Virginia Prep League and state champion swim team
  • Jacobson Hall – The 90,000-square-foot (8,400 m2), 250 room barracks opened for cadets August 20, 2012 and now houses Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Echo, and Delta companies, replacing both Snead and Memorial Halls at a cost of approximately $20 million. Ground was broken October 22, 2010.[10]

FUMA Athletics[edit]

Fork Union's Track and Field team is dominant in the state, winning 21 of the last 22 state titles[11]

Varsity[edit]

There are only two postgraduate athletic programs at Fork Union. The PG football team is led by head coach John Shuman. The PG basketball program was coached by Fletcher Arritt, the subject of a documentary titled "The Passing Game."

Prep[edit]

The Prep teams fielding players from grades 9–12 include Football, Basketball, Baseball, Lacrosse, Wrestling, Soccer, Cross Country, Track and Field, Orienteering, Shooting Sports, and Swimming and Diving. The school is most noted for its Football and Track programs. The Fork Union Outdoor Track team its 20th straight VISAA state championship in 2008. Many athletes have gone on from the academy to compete in collegiate athletic programs, and pursue careers on professional teams.

Middle school[edit]

Middle School cadets participate in sports at the Junior Prep level, or within intramural activities.

Clubs and organizations[edit]

There are many different clubs and organizations that cadets can participate in while attending Fork Union.[12] Though new clubs are often started annually by new cadets to meet demand, the more permanent list of clubs includes:

Notable alumni[edit]

Politics[edit]

Military[edit]

  • Earle Davis Gregory – Considered to be the first Virginian to receive the Medal of Honor and called the "Sergeant York" of Virginia
  • Rear Admiral Samuel G. Fuqua - Retired U.S. Navy, taught at Fork Union was the highest-ranking officer to survive the USS Arizona on December 7, 1941. He was assigned as damage control officer and first lieutenant. Though knocked unconscious by a bomb that hit the ship's stern early in the attack, he subsequently directed fire fighting and rescue efforts. After the ship's forward magazines exploded, he was her senior surviving officer and was responsible for saving her remaining crewmen. For his actions at that time, he was awarded the Medal of Honor.
  • John T. Chain, Jr. – Retired U.S. Air Force general, former Commander in Chief of Strategic Air Command
  • Robert H. Scales – Retired U.S. Army Major general, former Commandant of the U.S. Army War College
  • William Knox Martin – He was Boeing's first test pilot and Chief Instructor recording more than forty test flights; he was commissioned as a lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps Aviation Section during WW1 until wounded and discharged; he was the first man to fly over the Andes; Martin was posthumously inducted into the Virginia Aviation Hall of Fame in 2005[13][14][15]

Businessmen[edit]

Education[edit]

Literature, television and arts[edit]

Track and Field[edit]

Basketball[edit]

National Football League[edit]

Fork Union alumni have had great success in reaching the NFL

At least 117 players from Fork Union Military Academy have been drafted or signed by NFL teams.[16] At least 12 players from Fork Union Military Academy have been selected in the First Round of the NFL Draft since 1954, 7 players have been selected to one or more Pro Bowl appearances, and at least 12 players have been on teams that competed in Super Bowl games.[17][18]

The list includes:

  • Michael Barber - Undrafted free agent. Signed with Seattle Seahawks in 1995. Played five years.[27]
  • Charles Bearoff - Signed by the Washington Redskins in 1946.[29]
  • Mike Bulino - 17th round pick in the 1975 NFL Draft by Kansas City Chiefs. Defensive Back.[35]
  • Tyrell Chavis - Undrafted free agent. Defensive Tackle. Signed with the New York Giants in 2018.[39]
  • John Alexander Clowes - Signed with the New York Yanks in 1950. Guard/Tackle.[42]
  • Jim Davis - Undrafted free agent. Defensive End. Signed to the Jacksonville Jaguars in 2005.[46]
  • Josh Davis - Undrafted free agent. Signed by Miami Dolphins in 2005. Wide Receiver.[47]
  • Ernest Dixon - Undrafted free agent. Signed with New Orleans in 1994. Played six seasons in the NFL. Linebacker.[50]
  • Florentino "Frank" Fontes - Signed by the Houston Oilers in 1972. Kicker.[57]
  • Chris Gerhard - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Philadelphia Eagles in 1987. Defensive Back.[62]
  • DeMingo Graham - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the San Diego Chargers in 1999. Offensive Lineman. Played six years.[63]
  • Dru Grigson - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Minnesota Vikings in 2003. Linebacker.[64]
  • Jay Hagood - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the New York Jets. Offensive Tackle.[67]
  • Dave Kadela - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Atlanta Falcons in 2001. Played five seasons in the NFL.[78]
  • Zach Kerr - Undrafted free agent. Signed by Indianapolis Colts in 2014. Defensive End.[79]
  • Pasquale "Pat" Lamberti - 13th round pick in the 1959 NFL Draft to the Chicago Cardinals. Linebacker. Played three years.[82]
  • John Lascari - Signed to the New York Giants in 1942.[83]
  • Douglas E. McDougald - 5th round pick by the New England Patriots in the 1980 NFL Draft. Defensive End.[88]
  • Tom Miller - Played four season in the NFL (1943-46). A member of the Steagles in '43. Defensive End.[94]
  • Eric Moss - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Minnesota Vikings in 1997. Offensive Lineman.[98]
  • Austin Pasztor - 1st round pick in the CFL in 2012. Later signed as an undrafted free agent in the NFL. Offensive Tackle.[102]
  • Olsen Pierre - Undrafted free agent. Signed with the Chicago Bears in 2015. Defensive lineman for the Arizona Cardinals.[103]
  • Bobby Phillips - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Minnesota Vikings in 1995. Running Back.[106]
  • Robbie Powell - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Cleveland Browns in 2008. Center.[107]
  • Morgan Roane - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Cleveland Browns in 1987. Defensive End.[112]
  • Merrill Robertson - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Philadelphia Eagles in 2003. Linebacker.[113]
  • James Wesley Sherrill - 10th round pick in the 1951 NFL Draft by the Chicago Bears. Defensive Back. Father of Jay Sherrill.[117]
  • Jay Sherrill - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Dallas Cowboys in 1978. Kicker.[118]
  • Lamar Slade - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Pittsburgh Steelers in 2003. Wide Receiver.[120]
  • Akil Smith - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Washington Redskins in 2002. Offensive Lineman.[121]
  • C.J. Spillman - Signed as an undrafted free agent in 2009. Strong Safety. Played seven seasons.[122]
  • Terrance Stubbs - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the New York Jets in 2004. Wide Receiver.[124]
  • Art Thomas - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the New York Jets in 2004. Corner back. Played four seasons.[128]
  • Stacy Tutt - Undrafted free agent. Signed with New York Jets in 2006. Full Back.[130]
  • Carter Warley - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Cincinnati Bengals in 2005. Kicker.[132]
  • Lee Williamson - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the Houston Oilers in 1993. Quarterback. Played four seasons.[136]
  • Bill Wood - Undrafted free agent. Signed by the New York Jets in 1963. Defensive back.[138]
  • Ryan Wood - 7th round pick in the 1996 NFL Draft by the Dallas Cowboys. Running Back/Full Back.[139]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Our Mission & Our Core Values". Forkunion.com. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
  2. ^ "Our History". Forkunion.com. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
  3. ^ [1] Archived July 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Academics". Forkunion.com. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
  5. ^ "One Subject Plan". Forkunion.com. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
  6. ^ "Supervised Study". Forkunion.com. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
  7. ^ "Skirmisher 1946", the Class of 1946 Annual (c) 1946
  8. ^ "Our Campus". Forkunion.com. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
  9. ^ "Vaughan Hall". Forkunion.com. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
  10. ^ "Construction Underway on New Barracks at FUMA". Newsplex.com. 2010-10-22. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
  11. ^ "FUMA Track Team State Champions Once Again". Forkunion.com. 2010-05-16. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
  12. ^ "Cadet Life". Forkunion.com. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
  13. ^ "History Project Discovers Alum William Knox Martin" (PDF). Fork Union Military Academy. March 2007. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  14. ^ "Boeing's First Test Pilot". Fork Union Military Academy. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  15. ^ "William Knox Martin". Virginia Aeronautical Historical Society. 2005. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
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