Formation flying is the disciplined flight of two or more aircraft under the command of a flight leader.
Unmanned aerial vehicle formation flight
The challenge of achieving safe formation flight by unmanned aerial vehicles has been extensively investigated in the 21st century with aircraft and spacecraft systems. For aerial vehicles the advantages of performing formation flight include fuel saving, improved efficiency in air traffic control and cooperative task allocation. For space vehicles precise control of formation flight may enable future large aperture space telescopes, variable baseline space interferometers, autonomous rendezvous and docking and robotic assembly of space structures. One of the simplest formations used is where autonomous aircraft maintain formation with a lead aircraft which may itself be autonomous.
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- T-34 Association Formation Flight Manual
- Pilot's Manual for Basic Flying Training, Royal Canadian Air Force TC-44, 1962
- Kroo, Ilan. "Future Air Transportation and the Environment". Woods Energy Seminar. Stanford University. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Effects of Leader’s Position and Shape on Aerodynamic Performances of V Flight Formation"
- Gu, Yu; et al. (2011). "Formation Flight Control". Article ID 798981. International Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 2011. 2011: 1–2. doi:10.1155/2011/798981.
- "3 YF-22 UAV Formation Flight Control Experiment". 2004.