Forney Ridge Trail

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Forney Ridge Trail
Length5.6 mi (1.8 to Andrews Bald); 9.0 km (2.9 to Andrews Bald)
LocationGreat Smoky Mountains National Park, North Carolina, United States
TrailheadsAt the base of the paved trail to the Clingmans Dome observation tower, inside of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, off of U.S. Highway 441 (Newfound Gap Road)
Terminus at junction with Springhouse Branch Trail
Elevation change2,600 ft (790 m)
Highest pointTrailhead at Clingmans Dome
Lowest pointTerminus at Board Camp Gap
Hiking details
SightsAndrews Bald, Great Smoky Mountains
HazardsRocky Trail

The Forney Ridge Trail is an American hiking trail, in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park of Swain County, North Carolina. The trail descends from just beneath the highest summit in the national park, Clingmans Dome, along Forney Ridge and passes through Andrews Bald (elev. 5,860 ft) before terminating at a junction with the Springhouse Branch Trail.

Vital information[edit]

  • Due to its location high in the crest of the Great Smoky Mountains, The Forney Ridge Trail is one of very few in the national park that actually descends from its trailhead.
  • The trailhead is located just at the front end of the Clingmans Dome parking area, about 7 miles (11 km) from U.S. Highway 441 (Newfound Gap Road).


  • Clingmans Dome (via half mile, paved trail near the trailhead)
  • Forney Ridge
  • Andrews Bald

Trail synopsis[edit]

Trailhead to Andrews Bald[edit]

The Forney Ridge Trail begins easily enough at the base of the paved trail to the Clingmans Dome observation tower. The first 0.1-mile (0.16 km) of the trail consists of a series of leveled, rocky platforms, put together by the national park service apparently due to the previously hazardous, steep, rocky slope. At the end of these "stairs" the trail comes to a fork with a side trail that leads on to the Appalachian Trail about a half mile up (and not far past that to the observation tower at Clingmans Dome), and the Forney Ridge Trail continuing on to the left, down along the ridge for which it is named.

Although the trail is relatively easy, it is advisable to use caution. The early portion can be slippery in icy winters and may contain loose rocks. In the 1920s the trees here were swept by a wildfire which has given the area an awkward mix of young shrubbery and woods, but this portion is rather short and within a mile the trail passes into the spruce-fir zone, which has also had problems more recently with air pollution and the balsam wooly adelgid. At 1.1 miles (1.8 km) the trail comes to a split with the Forney Creek Trail, which, to the right, leads down 11 miles (18 km) to Fontana Lake.

From here the trail actually rises up for about a quarter mile, the only such notable jaunt along its path, before leveling out and gently sloping back down to Andrews Bald at 1.8 miles (2.9 km). Andrews Bald is a grassy bald, and, at 5,800 feet (1,800 m), it is the highest bald in the national park. In mid-June, the bald provides a wonderful display of Catawba rhododendron and flame azalea, the best show for the least effort, although it can’t quite match that of the more isolated Gregory Bald. Due to the natural encroachment of the forest onto the once grazed open balds in the park, Andrews Bald (along with the aforementioned Gregory Bald) has been designated as an experimental research zone, whereby the national park service will preserve the area as a grassy bald.

Andrews Bald to Springhouse Branch Trail[edit]

Down past Andrews Bald, the Forney Ridge Trail continues its descent down Forney Ridge, eventually coming down to Board Camp Gap and its junction with the Springhouse Branch Trail at 5.6 miles (9.0 km). This trail can be taken in conjunction with the Noland and then later Forney Creek Trails back up to the Forney Ridge Parking Area for a long 18-mile (29 km) backpacking loop, or, by turning left at the Forney Creek Trail, down to Fontana Lake in North Carolina.

Maps and Directions[edit]

"Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Maps".

Topographic Maps[edit]

The Forney Ridge Trail is shown on the following 1:24,000-scale topographic maps published by the National Park Service:

"Clingmans Dome Quadrangle, Great Smoky Mountains 7.5 minute 1:24,000-scale series Topographic Maps" (PDF).

"Silers Bald Quadrangle, Great Smoky Mountains 7.5 minute 1:24,000-scale series Topographic Maps" (PDF).