Fornication: Difference between revisions

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'''Fornication''' is a term which typically refers to consensual [[sexual intercourse]] between unmarried persons. <ref>[http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=fornication WordNet Search - 3.0<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref><ref>[http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fornication Merriam Webster Dictionary]</ref>
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[[File:Example.jpg]]'''Fornication''' is a term which typically refers to consensual [[sexual intercourse]] between unmarried persons. <ref>[http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=fornication WordNet Search - 3.0<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref><ref>[http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fornication Merriam Webster Dictionary]</ref>
 
The term for many people carries a moral or religious association. Fornication is regarded differently by various religions, societies and cultures.
 
The term for many people carries a moral or religious association. Fornication is regarded differently by various religions, societies and cultures.
   
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[[sv:Otukt]]
 
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[[zh:婚前性行為]]
 
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fornication is bad and the bible says so

Revision as of 15:56, 20 March 2010

Example.jpgFornication is a term which typically refers to consensual sexual intercourse between unmarried persons. [1][2] The term for many people carries a moral or religious association. Fornication is regarded differently by various religions, societies and cultures.

Etymology

The origin of the word derives from Latin. The word fornix means "an archway" or "vault" and it became a common euphemism for a brothel as prostitutes could be solicited in the vaults beneath Rome. More directly, fornicatio means "done in the archway"; thus it originally referred to prostitution. The first recorded use of the noun in its modern meaning was in 1303 AD, with the verb fornicate first recorded around 250 years later.[3]

Religions

For a broad overview, see Religion and sexuality.

Christianity

James the Just, whose judgment was adopted in the Apostolic Decree of Acts 15:19-29, c. 50 AD: "...we should write to them [Gentiles] to abstain only from things polluted by idols and from fornication and from whatever has been strangled and from blood..." (1989 NRSV translation)

In the New Testament, πορνεία (porneia) is commonly translated incorrectly[citation needed] into English as fornication rather than its truer meaning of sexual immorality and is prohibited by the Apostolic Decree. In Biblical Greek, the word porneia meant "sexual immorality" or "sexual perversions." It was often used as a blanket term to encompass all sexual activity and even sexual thoughts (ie. sexual lust/fantasies) that were considered unrighteous by the laws of Leviticus, in particular Leviticus 18. However, the applicability of Biblical law in Christianity is still disputed among different Christian denominations.

Laws

The laws on fornication have historically been tied with religion and the legal and political traditions within the particular jurisdiction. In the common law countries (England, USA, Canada, Australia, etc.), the Courts were never interested in punishing subjects for purely private moral deviations - even incest - although sodomy was an exception. What laws did exist were purely statutory. In many other countries, however, there have been attempts to secularize constitutions, and laws differ greatly from country to country. Most Western countries and some secular Muslim countries like Turkey and Azerbaijan have no laws against fornication if both parties are above the age of consent.

Illegality

Today, laws against fornication exist only in some countries identifying with Islam. This is a list of countries where fornication is a criminal offence.

Afghanistan Afghanistan
Iran Iran
Morocco Morocco
Malaysia Malaysia (consensual sex between non-Muslims is not prohibited)
Pakistan Pakistan
Qatar Qatar
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Syria Syria
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
Yemen Yemen
Sudan Sudan
Somalia Somalia-parts under Islamist control

Jurisdictions within the United States of America

Premarital sex, adultery, and other ethical issues arising from sexual relations between consenting heterosexuals who have reached the age of majority have generally been viewed as matters of private morality, and so, have not generally been prosecuted as criminal offenses in the common law.[4] This legal position was inherited by the U.S. from the U.K.. Later, some jurisdictions, a total of 16 in the southern and eastern United States, as well as the states of Wisconsin[5] and Utah[6] passed statutes creating the offense of "fornication" that prohibited (vaginal) sexual intercourse between two unmarried people of the opposite sex. Most of these laws either were repealed, were not enforced, or were struck down by the courts in several states as being odious to their state constitutions. See also State v. Saunders, 381 A.2d 333 (N.J. 1977), Martin v. Ziherl, 607 S.E.2d 367 (Va. 2005).

Some acts may be prohibited under criminal laws defining the offense of "sodomy," rather than the laws defining the offense of "fornication." The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Lawrence v. Texas (2003) rendered the states' remaining laws related to "sodomy" unconstitutional. Lawrence v. Texas is also presumed by many to invalidate laws prohibiting fornication, as the decision declared sodomy laws unconstitutional due to the interference of such laws with private, consensual, non-commercial intimate relations between unrelated adults, and therefore are odious to the rights of liberty and privacy, such rights being retained by the people of the United States.

In recent years, political debate in the U.S. about abstinence-only sex education has brought the issue of premarital sex to the forefront of the "Culture Wars."

See also

References

  1. ^ WordNet Search - 3.0
  2. ^ Merriam Webster Dictionary
  3. ^ The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language
  4. ^ Jim Thompson, The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, Vol. 49, No. 4 (Nov. - Dec., 1958), pp. 350-356
  5. ^ Jim Thompson The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, Vol. 49, No. 4 (Nov. - Dec., 1958), pp. 350-356, 353
  6. ^ "Utah Code, Title 76, Chapter 07. Offenses Against the Family". 

External links

fornication is bad and the bible says so