Forsand

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This article is about the municipality in Rogaland, Norway. For the village in Forsand municipality, see Forsand (village).
Forsand kommune
Municipality
Lysebotn, located at the head of the Lysefjorden
Lysebotn, located at the head of the Lysefjorden
Coat of arms of Forsand kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Forsand kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Forsand within Rogaland
Forsand within Rogaland
Coordinates: 59°00′49″N 06°25′28″E / 59.01361°N 6.42444°E / 59.01361; 6.42444Coordinates: 59°00′49″N 06°25′28″E / 59.01361°N 6.42444°E / 59.01361; 6.42444
Country Norway
County Rogaland
District Ryfylke
Administrative centre Forsand
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Bjarte Sveinsvoll Dagestad (H)
Area
 • Total 780.05 km2 (301.18 sq mi)
 • Land 701.30 km2 (270.77 sq mi)
 • Water 78.75 km2 (30.41 sq mi)
Area rank 139 in Norway
Population (2015)
 • Total 1,208
 • Rank 386 in Norway
 • Density 1.7/km2 (4/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 9.6% %
Demonym(s) Forsandbu[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1129
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.forsand.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Forsand is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Ryfylke. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Forsand. Other villages in the municipality include Lysebotn, Øvre Espedal, Oanes, Kolabygda, and Fløyrli.

Forsand municipality surrounds the famous Lysefjorden and it lies on the east side of the Høgsfjorden. It is one of largest municipalities within the county of Rogaland in terms of area, and one of the smallest in terms of population. Forsand municipality covers 780 square kilometres (300 sq mi) and has a population of 1,208 (as of 2015).[2] In 1999, evidence of a population here dating back to around 7500 BC was located.

General information[edit]

Map of present-day Forsand
View of Kjerag, overlooking the Lysefjorden
View of a Viking house in the Landa museum in Forsand

The municipality of Fossan was established on 1 January 1871 when the very large municipality of Høgsfjord was divided into two: Fossan (located east of the Høgsfjorden and south of the Frafjorden) and Høle (located west of the Høgsfjorden). Initially, Fossan had 2,081 residents. On 1 January 1965, the municipality was split, with everything located south and east of the Frafjorden being transferred to the neighboring municipality of Gjesdal. This area had no road connection with the rest of Forsand, but it was connected by road to Gjesdal.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Forsand farm (Old Norse: Forsandr), since the first Forsand Church was built there. The first element is the prefix for which means "outsticking" and the last element is sandr which means "sand" or "sandy beach". Before 1918, the name was written "Fossan".[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 11 March 1988. The arms show a white heron on a green background. They were designed by John Digernes to represent a common bird in the area.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Forsand. It is part of the Ryfylke deanery in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Forsand
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Forsand Forsand Church Forsand 1854
Lyse Chapel Lysebotn 1961

Geography[edit]

Forsand is a large municipality that is very mountainous with a long, narrow fjord running through the middle from east to west. The Lysefjorden is surrounded by very steep 1,000-metre (3,300 ft) tall cliffs such as Kjerag and Preikestolen, with the Lysefjord Bridge crossing the fjord near the western end. The famous Kjeragbolten boulder and Kjeragfossen waterfall are located along the inner part of the fjord. The village of Lysebotn lies at the eastern end of the fjord. The lake Nilsebuvatnet is located high up in the mountains, north of Lysebotn on the border of Strand and Forsand municipalities. It is regulated for hydroelectric power use at the Lysebotn Hydroelectric Power Station.

Panoramic view over the village Lysebotn located innermost in the Lysefjord (full image)

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Forsand, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Forsand is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Forsand Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 2
  Conservative Party Høgre 3
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 4
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 3
  Local Lists Lokale lister 5
Total number of members: 17

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ "Population and population change, Q3 2015". Statistisk sentralbyrå. 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-25. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 220–225. 
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-02-25. 
  6. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 

External links[edit]