Forsand

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Forsand kommune
Lysebotn, located at the head of the Lysefjorden
Lysebotn, located at the head of the Lysefjorden
Coat of arms of Forsand kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Forsand kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Forsand within Rogaland
Forsand within Rogaland
Coordinates: 59°00′49″N 06°25′28″E / 59.01361°N 6.42444°E / 59.01361; 6.42444Coordinates: 59°00′49″N 06°25′28″E / 59.01361°N 6.42444°E / 59.01361; 6.42444
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
DistrictRyfylke
Administrative centreForsand
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Bjarte Sveinsvoll Dagestad (H)
Area
 • Total780.06 km2 (301.18 sq mi)
 • Land698.83 km2 (269.82 sq mi)
 • Water81.23 km2 (31.36 sq mi)
Area rank#141 in Norway
Population
(2017)
 • Total1,245
 • Rank#376 in Norway
 • Density1.8/km2 (5/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
12.9%
Demonym(s)Forsandbu[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1129
Official language formNynorsk
Websitewww.forsand.kommune.no

Forsand is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Ryfylke. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Forsand. Other villages in the municipality include Lysebotn, Øvre Espedal, Oanes, Kolabygda, and Fløyrli.

Forsand municipality surrounds the famous Lysefjorden and it lies on the east side of the Høgsfjorden. In 1999, evidence of a population here dating back to around 7500 BC was located.

It is one of largest municipalities within the county of Rogaland in terms of area, and one of the smallest in terms of population. The 780-square-kilometre (300 sq mi) municipality is the 141st largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Forsand is the 376th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,245. The municipality's population density is 1.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (4.7/sq mi) and its population has increased by 12.9% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

View of Kjerag, overlooking the Lysefjorden
View of a Viking house in the Landa museum in Forsand

The municipality of Fossan was established on 1 January 1871 when the very large municipality of Høgsfjord was divided into two: Fossan (located east of the Høgsfjorden and south of the Frafjorden) and Høle (located west of the Høgsfjorden). Initially, Fossan had 2,081 residents. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the municipality was split, with everything located south and east of the Frafjorden being transferred to the neighboring municipality of Gjesdal. This area had no road connection with the rest of Forsand, but it was connected by road to Gjesdal.[3]

On 1 January 2020, the neighboring municipalities of Sandnes and Forsand are scheduled to merge into one large municipality called Sandnes.[4]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Forsand farm (Old Norse: Forsandr), since the first Forsand Church was built there. The first element is the prefix for which means "outsticking" and the last element is sandr which means "sand" or "sandy beach". Before 1918, the name was written "Fossan".[5]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 11 March 1988. The arms show a white heron on a green background. They were designed by John Digernes to represent a common bird in the area.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Forsand. It is part of the Ryfylke deanery in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Forsand
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Forsand Forsand Church Forsand 1854
Lyse Chapel Lysebotn 1961

Geography[edit]

Forsand is a large municipality that is very mountainous with a long, narrow fjord running through the middle from east to west. The Lysefjorden is surrounded by very steep 1,000-metre (3,300 ft) tall cliffs such as Kjerag and Preikestolen, with the Lysefjord Bridge crossing the fjord near the western end. The famous Kjeragbolten boulder and Kjeragfossen waterfall are located along the inner part of the fjord. The village of Lysebotn lies at the eastern end of the fjord. The lake Nilsebuvatnet is located high up in the mountains, north of Lysebotn on the border of Strand and Forsand municipalities. It is regulated for hydroelectric power use at the Lysebotn Hydroelectric Power Station.

Panoramic view over the village Lysebotn located innermost in the Lysefjord (full image)

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Forsand, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Forsand is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Forsand Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet2
 Conservative PartyHøgre3
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti4
 Centre PartySenterpartiet3
 Local ListsLokale lister5
Total number of members:17

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ "Kommunereformen" (in Norwegian). Forsand kommune. Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 220–225.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-02-25.
  7. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.

External links[edit]