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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Urticaceae
Genus: Forsskaolea

See text.


Chamaedryfolia Dill.[1]
Caidbeja Forssk.[2]

Forsskaolea is a small genus of 6 species of perennial herbs in the nettle family with non-stinging hairs and dot-like concretions of mineral matter on their green parts. The genus was named in honor of Swedish botanist Peter Forsskål.[4]


The leaves have three ribs, are alternate, scalloped and with toothlike projections along the edges.
Budding flowers are flat-topped clusters and bisexual and from the base stem, enclosed in bell shaped, densely hairy, rings of 3-6 bracts. Flowers are minute and unisexual with the female surrounded by a ring of male flowers. Male flowers have 3-5 lobed calyx and the females have none. Solitary stamen, upright wooly ovaries with no style.
Achenes oval to elliptical, flattened, densely hairy and enveloped in wooly bracts.[2]


Forsskaolea have found homes in the southern parts of the Palearctic from the Canary Isles and southeast Spain then eastwards to Pakistan and western India.[2]

Selected species[edit]


  1. ^ Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. "Details for: Forsskaolea". Euro+Med PlantBase. Freie Universität Berlin. Retrieved 2008-04-24. 
  2. ^ a b c Flora of Pakistan. "Forsskaolea Linn". Retrieved 2008-04-24. 
  3. ^ Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. "Details for: Forsskalea". Euro+Med PlantBase. Freie Universität Berlin. Retrieved 2008-04-24. 
  4. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Forskål, Peter". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 
  5. ^ "Forsskaolea L.". African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2008-04-24. 

External links[edit]