Forst (Lausitz)

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Forst (Lausitz)
Baršć
Watertower in Forst
Watertower in Forst
Flag of Forst (Lausitz)
Coat of arms of Forst (Lausitz)
Location of Forst (Lausitz) within Spree-Neiße district
Forst (Lausitz) in SPN.png
Forst (Lausitz) is located in Germany
Forst (Lausitz)
Forst (Lausitz)
Forst (Lausitz) is located in Brandenburg
Forst (Lausitz)
Forst (Lausitz)
Coordinates: 51°44′N 14°38′E / 51.733°N 14.633°E / 51.733; 14.633Coordinates: 51°44′N 14°38′E / 51.733°N 14.633°E / 51.733; 14.633
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictSpree-Neiße
Government
 • Mayor (2018–26) Simone Taubenek[1]
Area
 • Total109.91 km2 (42.44 sq mi)
Elevation
72 m (236 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total17,691
 • Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
03141–03149
Dialling codes03562
Vehicle registrationSPN
Websitewww.forst-lausitz.de

Forst (Lausitz) (Lower Sorbian: Baršć) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany. It lies east of Cottbus, on the river Lausitzer Neiße which is also the German-Polish border, the Oder-Neisse line. It is the capital of the Spree-Neiße district. It is known for its rose garden and textile museum. The town's population is 18,651. In Forst, there is a railway bridge across the Neiße belonging to the line CottbusŻary which is serviced by regional trains and a EuroCity train between Hamburg and Kraków (2011). There is also a road bridge across the river north of Forst.

Overview[edit]

Part of the region of Lusatia, Forst was awarded to the Kingdom of Prussia in the 1815 Congress of Vienna. The town was subsequently administered within the Province of Brandenburg. After World War II it became part of the German Democratic Republic.

Forst has experienced severe problems as a result of the 1990 German reunification, most notably from extreme unemployment. In the past, the town was known for textile manufacturing, but all of the textile plants and factories have closed down.

History[edit]

A short distance to the south of the old Sorbian village of Altforst, the town probably originated around 1150 at a river crossing point on the important west–east route (known as the Salzstraße / Salt Road) connecting Halle and Głogów. By 1265 it was developing into a permanent trading settlement round the Church of St Nicholas. The commercial importance of Forst increased with the development of a north–south route connecting to Guben, downstream along the Neisse River. In the fourteenth century the council was able to take on responsibility for the lower courts locally. In 1352 of Ileburg took over the overlordship of Forst from Frederick III of Meißen.

Demography[edit]

Forst (Lausitz): Population development
within the current boundaries (2020)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 19,084—    
1890 27,494+2.46%
1910 31,594+0.70%
1925 32,977+0.29%
1939 36,771+0.78%
1950 33,339−0.89%
1964 32,342−0.22%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1971 31,471−0.39%
1981 28,870−0.86%
1985 28,031−0.73%
1990 27,214−0.59%
1995 25,701−1.14%
2000 24,309−1.11%
2005 22,391−1.63%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2010 20,618−1.64%
2015 18,773−1.86%
2016 18,651−0.65%
2017 18,353−1.60%
2018 18,164−1.03%
2019 17,902−1.44%
2020 17,691−1.18%

People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landkreis Spree-Neiße Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 2 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2020". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2021.
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]