Forst (Lausitz)

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Forst (Lausitz)
Watertower in Forst
Watertower in Forst
Flag of Forst (Lausitz)
Coat of arms of Forst (Lausitz)
Location of Forst (Lausitz) within Spree-Neiße district
BurgBriesenDissen-StriesowDöbernDrachhausenDrehnowDrebkauFelixseeForstGroß Schacksdorf-SimmersdorfGubenGuhrowHeinersbrückJämlitz-Klein DübenJänschwaldeKolkwitzNeiße-MalxetalNeuhausenPeitzSchenkendöbernSchmogrow-FehrowSprembergTauerTeichlandTschernitzTurnow-PreilackWelzowWerbenWiesengrundForst (Lausitz) in SPN.png
About this image
Forst (Lausitz) is located in Germany
Forst (Lausitz)
Forst (Lausitz)
Forst (Lausitz) is located in Brandenburg
Forst (Lausitz)
Forst (Lausitz)
Coordinates: 51°44′N 14°38′E / 51.733°N 14.633°E / 51.733; 14.633Coordinates: 51°44′N 14°38′E / 51.733°N 14.633°E / 51.733; 14.633
 • Mayor (2018–26) Simone Taubenek[1]
 • Total109.91 km2 (42.44 sq mi)
72 m (236 ft)
 • Total17,545
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes03562
Vehicle registrationSPN

Forst (Lausitz) (Lower Sorbian: Baršć) is a town in Lower Lusatia, Brandenburg, Germany. It lies east of Cottbus, on the river Lausitzer Neiße which is also the German-Polish border, the Oder-Neisse line. It is the capital of the Spree-Neiße district. It is known for its rose garden and textile museum. The town's population is 18,651. In Forst, there is a railway bridge across the Neiße belonging to the line CottbusŻary which is serviced by regional trains and a EuroCity train between Hamburg and Kraków (2011). There is also a road bridge across the river north of Forst.


Part of the region of Lower Lusatia, Forst was awarded to the Kingdom of Prussia in the 1815 Congress of Vienna. The town was administered as a part of the Province of Brandenburg from 1815 to 1947. After World War II it became part of the German Democratic Republic, from 1952 to 1990 within Bezirk Cottbus.

Forst has experienced severe problems as a result of the 1990 German reunification, most notably from extreme unemployment. In the past, the town was known for textile manufacturing, but all of the textile plants and factories have closed down.


A short distance to the south of the old Sorbian village of Altforst, the town probably originated around 1150 at a river crossing point on the important west–east route (known as the Salzstraße / Salt Road) connecting Halle and Głogów. By 1265 it was developing into a permanent trading settlement round the Church of St Nicholas. The commercial importance of Forst increased with the development of a north–south route connecting to Guben, downstream along the Neisse River. In the fourteenth century the council was able to take on responsibility for the lower courts locally. In 1352 of Ileburg took over the overlordship of Forst from Frederick III of Meißen.


Forst (Lausitz): Population development
within the current boundaries (2020)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 19,084—    
1890 27,494+2.46%
1910 31,594+0.70%
1925 32,977+0.29%
1939 36,771+0.78%
1950 33,339−0.89%
1964 32,342−0.22%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1971 31,471−0.39%
1981 28,870−0.86%
1985 28,031−0.73%
1990 27,214−0.59%
1995 25,701−1.14%
2000 24,309−1.11%
2005 22,391−1.63%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2010 20,618−1.64%
2015 18,773−1.86%
2016 18,651−0.65%
2017 18,353−1.60%
2018 18,164−1.03%
2019 17,902−1.44%
2020 17,691−1.18%

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Landkreis Spree-Neiße Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 2 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerungsentwicklung und Flächen der kreisfreien Städte, Landkreise und Gemeinden im Land Brandenburg 2021" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2022.
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]