Forsyth Barr Building
|Crowne Plaza Hotel, Christchurch|
Crowne Plaza Hotel as former Forsyth Barr Building in February 2013
|Type||Office high rise|
|Location||Christchurch Central City|
|Address||Corner of Armagh and Colombo Street, Christchurch, New Zealand|
|Roof||70 m (230 ft)|
|Floor count||19 storeys|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Warren and Mahoney|
|Main contractor||Fletcher Construction|
The Christchurch Crowne Plaza Hotel, formerly known as the Forsyth Barr Building, is located on the south-east corner of the Armagh and Colombo Streets intersection in Christchurch, New Zealand. Originally owned by Bob Jones and branded Robert Jones House by him, it was commonly referred to as Bob Jones Tower, but some called it Bob's Folly. In the 2011 Christchurch earthquake, its staircases collapsed, trapping the occupants. The building reopened in July 2017 as the city's Crowne Plaza hotel.
The original building on the location was the Golden Fleece Hotel, built in 1851. The 1980s high-rise was a property speculation by Paynter Developments, who engaged Christchurch architecture firm Warren and Mahoney for the architectural design, and Holmes Consulting Group as structural engineers. Fletcher Construction was the contractor for the project. The building was finished in mid-1989 and sold to Robert Jones Investments (Canterbury), a company owned by Bob Jones. Jones, a property developer who had survived the 1987 stock market crash, named the building Robert Jones House and put the initials "RJI" of his investment company on the building. Jones had a high public profile, as he had set up the New Zealand Party just prior to the 1984 election to oppose Robert Muldoon, but the effect of this was that the conservative vote was split, and the Labour Party won the election, and David Lange formed the Fourth Labour Government. The building was commonly referred to as Bob Jones Tower, but some called it Bob's Folly in relation to his 1984 election interference. The building was later sold and named for New Zealand investment banking firm Forsyth Barr.
Built with 17 storeys, the structure was at the time Christchurch's second tallest building at 70 metres (230 ft), after the 1986 Hotel Grand Chancellor at 85 metres (279 ft). Two further high rises overtook the Forsyth Barr House over time, first the PricewaterhouseCoopers building in 1990 at 76.3 metres (250 ft), and then the Pacific Tower in 2010 at 86 metres (282 ft). It was an unusual design for Warren and Mahoney, who had until then worked with exposed concrete beams that showed the structure of buildings, but chose a glass curtain wall design with aluminium panels that hid the structure. This construction system became the norm for office buildings for the next two decades based on construction techniques pioneered in Christchurch. According to historian Geoffrey Rice, many architects regard this building as Warren and Mahoney's "ugly duckling", and Paul Walker, professor of architecture at the University of Melbourne, asks: "Does anyone love the monolithic Forsyth Barr building on Colombo Street...?"
2011 Christchurch earthquake
After the September 11 attacks in 2001, emergency supplies for an evacuation of this high-rise were installed, including ropes, sledge hammers, and axes. In the 2011 Christchurch earthquake, the staircases in Forsyth Barr House collapsed, trapping the occupants. One of the trapped occupants, a trained mountain guide with experience in mountain rescue, had windows broken and abseiled people onto an adjacent car parking building. The photo of one of the occupants being abseiled along the glass façade, taken by The Press photographer John Kirk-Anderson, is one of the enduring images of that earthquake. Search of the building was technically difficult for urban search and rescue (USAR) teams, requiring the deconstruction of 4-tonne stair sets, but the building was cleared with no victims discovered.
The Hotel Grand Chancellor and PricewaterhouseCoopers were both demolished subsequent to the earthquake, hence the Forsyth Barr Building is once more Christchurch's second tallest building. Until mid-2013, it was unclear whether the Forsyth Barr Building would also be demolished, or whether it was economical to repair it.
Subsequent to the earthquakes, the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) developed a Christchurch Central Recovery Plan. Almost two city blocks were designated for the Performing Arts Precinct, including the land that the Forsyth Barr Building was located on. This meant that The Crown could have compulsorily acquired the land from its owners if it wanted to go ahead with the Performing Arts Precinct. The designation was later lifted and the size of the Performing Arts Precinct designation reduced after Christchurch City Council had decided to restore the existing Christchurch Town Hall instead of building a new one within this precinct.
Conversion to hotel
The earthquake-damaged building was sold in an "as is, where is" state for NZ$8 million. In December 2014, it was revealed that the building will be leased to the Crowne Plaza chain for a hotel, replacing the former Crowne Plaza hotel that stood diagonally opposite across Victoria Square prior to the earthquakes. In late 2015, new staircases were installed. The new hotel opened on 1 July 2017, offering 204 rooms.
- McDonald, Liz (29 June 2017). "Christchurch's new Crowne Plaza hotel to open this weekend after 'long haul'". The Press. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
- Rice 2014, p. 257.
- Rice 2014, p. 258.
- McDonald, Liz (18 November 2015). "High-flying stairway takes". The Press. p. A6. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- Rice 2014, pp. 257f.
- Matthews, Philip (13 June 2008). "Distinctive Christchurch by Warren and Mahoney". The Press. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- Hutching, Chris (13 June 2008). "Garden City scores new $25m office tower". National Business Review. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- District Plan 2012, p. 97.
- Moore, Chris (2011). Earthquake: Christchurch, New Zealand, 22 February 2011. Auckland: Random House. pp. 74f. ISBN 978 1 86979 699 0.
- "Forsyth Barr search ends with no bodies found". Radio New Zealand News. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2011.
- Gates, Charlie (31 May 2013). "Hotel plan for Forsyth Barr building". The Press. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- Recovery Plan 2012, pp. 77f.
- Cairns, Lois (30 July 2012). "Rebuild plan for Christchurch unveiled". The Press. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- Stylianou, Georgina (23 November 2013). "Highest bid could fall short". The Press. p. A2.
- McDonald, Liz (3 December 2014). "Forsyth Barr building to become Crowne Plaza Hotel". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Forsyth Barr Building, Christchurch.|
- Rice, Geoffrey (2014). Victoria Square: Cradle of Christchurch. Christchurch: Canterbury University Press. ISBN 1927145589.
- Christchurch Central Recovery Plan. Christchurch: Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority. 30 July 2012. ISBN 978-0-478-39718-5.
- Amendments to Christchurch City Council's District Plan. Christchurch: Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority. July 2012. ISBN 978-0-478-39712-3.