Forsyth Park

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Forsyth Park
Military Parade Ground (formerly)
Forsyth fountain 2019.jpeg
Forsyth fountain in Forsyth Park
TypePublic park
LocationSavannah, Georgia, U.S.
Area30 acres (0.12 km2)
Created1840s
Operated byCity of Savannah
OpenAll year

Forsyth Park (formerly known as the Military Parade Ground)[1] is a large city park that occupies 30 acres (0.12 km2) in the historic district of Savannah, Georgia, United States. The park is bordered by Gaston Street to the north, Drayton Street to the east, Park Avenue to the south and Whitaker Street to the west. It contains walking paths, a children's play area, a Fragrant Garden for the blind, a large fountain, tennis courts, basketball courts, areas for soccer and Frisbee, and home field for Savannah Shamrocks Rugby Club. From time to time, there are concerts held at Forsyth to the benefit of the public.

Development[edit]

The park was originally created in the 1840s on 10 acres (0.04 km2) of land donated by William Brown Hodgson. In 1851, the park was expanded and named for Georgia Governor John Forsyth.[2] By 1853, all original planned wards of Savannah were occupied. A large 18.9 acre Parade Ground was added south end of the park and sold to the Military Captains Association officially in 1859. Two ordinances, one in 1914 and the other in 1923, affirm this. The owners granted that the city use the land for public enjoyment, in exchange for property tax exemption and general maintenance and security of the land in perpetuity. This park was anticipated by General James Oglethorpe's plan and was made possible by a donation of 20 acres (81,000 m2) of land owned by Forsyth.

Regarding the Southern Extension Chain of Ownership:[3]

On August 11, 1853, the Mayor and Aldermen of Savannah adopted an ordinance dedicating as a Military Parade Ground that portion of the 'Old Cantonment Area' with borders of Park, Montgomery, Gwinnett, Whitaker "that the control, custody, and management of the said Parade Ground shall be vested in the Captains for the time being, of the several Volunteer Companies of the City of Savannah, who shall have exclusive charge thereof, subject to Savannah police regulations.

Forsyth Park north entrance

On November 10, 1859 by an Act of Council of the City of Savannah, following an agreement with the Military Commanders, that property, the Military Parade Ground, formerly a part of the Old Cantonment, was exchanged for the trace of land, 18.9 acres known as the (southern Forsyth) Park Extension. The Committee on Sales and Public Lots was given power to set with regard to the land obtained for the Military and in their reports to Council they recited that the City had profited by the exchange and from the sale of the subdivided lots to the extent of many thousands of dollars and that the Military of Savannah now possessed a "handsome, permanent, and attractive Parade Ground wherein Company and Regimental drills may at all times be had, the reference being to the present Parade Ground, Forsyth Park Extension." Under date of July 22, 1914 there was a clarifying ordinance passed by City Council in connection with the fact that portions of the Park Extension were being used as playgrounds. This Act states that such use "shall not be a relinquishment of any right which the Military Companies of Savannah may have in said Parade Ground, or in the use thereof, the right sof the Volunteer Companies being hereby confirmed and preserved."

Finally, there was "an Ordinance passed by the Mayor and Aldermen, in Council assembled, July 11, 1923, and on file in the office of the Clerk of Council" which reads in part as follows: "NOW THEREFORE, in view of the fact that the City of Savannah made the exchange mentioned and has received the benefits, and yet has failed to make any formal transfer, it is hereby ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Savannah in Council assembled, that the title and right of the Military companies of Savannah through their Commanding Officers, in the ground known as the Parade Ground or Forsyth Park Exension, the same being bounded on the north by Forsyth Park proper, on the east by Drayton Street, on the south by Park Avenue and on the west by Whitaker Street, as a Military Parade Ground, are fully recognized and confirmed as fully and as completely as if a deed of exchange had been made. Be it furth ordained that all ordinances and parts of ordinances in conflict with this ordinance be and the same are hereby repealed."

The Civil War Memorial[edit]

"The Georgia Volunteer," a memorial to the Spanish–American War soldiers of Georgia

Built in 1874, Forsyth Park hosts a large monument to Confederate dead. One of the first and largest in the state, the monument was unveiled in 1874, with the bronze statue of a Confederate soldier added several years later in 1879.

Spanish-American War Memorial[edit]

Standing at the south end of Forsyth Park, The Hiker is a statue created by Theo Alice Ruggles Kitson. It commemorates the American soldiers who fought in the Spanish–American War, the Boxer Rebellion and the Philippine-American War. The first version of it was made for the University of Minnesota in 1906,[4] The Hiker depicts a hero stripped of his parade uniform and shown as a soldier reacting to the challenges of the battlefield.[5] Officially called "The Georgia Volunteer," it was erected in Savannah because that city contributed more Spanish–American War soldiers per capita than any other city in Georgia.[6]

Bonaventure Cemetery just outside of Savannah on a bluff of the Wilmington River has a section dedicated to the Spanish-American War Veterans from Worth Bagley Camp. It is the nation's second-largest area dedicated to those killed in the Spanish-American War.[7]

Fountain[edit]

As one of the most photographed fountains in Savannah, the Forsyth Park Fountain sits on a direct line of continuation along the Bull Street corridor. The fountain was manufactured by Janes, Beebe & Company in Bronx County, New York — an iron foundry owned by Adrian Janes, which also created iron work for the Capitol dome of the U.S. Capitol Building and railings for the Brooklyn Bridge.[8][circular reference]

The fountain was installed in 1858. Its design by John Howard is derived from the work of the French sculptor, Michel Lienard,[9] and is reminiscent of the fountains at Place de la Concorde in Paris. Other examples of this fountain can be found in Poughkeepsie, New York; Madison, Indiana; and Cuzco, Peru.[10]

At the time of installation, Parisian urban planning was centered on the development of residential neighborhoods radiating out from a central green space. The Parisian model of developing large city parks was emulated by cities in the United States, including Savannah.

Every St. Patrick's Day, the fountain is ceremoniously turned green in celebration of Savannah's deep Irish heritage.

The fountain appears in many films, including The Longest Yard, Cape Fear,[11] Forrest Gump and Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil.[12]

Panoramic view of Forsyth Park from Whitaker Street, on the park's western side

Surrounding buildings[edit]

The below buildings each occupy one of the ten blocks on the three sides of the northern half park and are noted as historic structures by the Historic Preservation Department of the Chatham County-Savannah Metropolitan Planning Commission.[13] These blocks fall in one of four wards. Clockwise from the north, these are Monterey Ward, Calhoun Ward, Forsyth Ward and Chatham Ward. The properties are listed, again clockwise from the north, from the first East Gaston Street block.

John Berendt, author of 1994's Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, lived in Forsyth Park Apartments in the southwestern corner of the park[14] while writing the book.[15]

Property Image Address Date Note
Edmund Molyneux House Oglethorpe Social Club in Savannah, Georgia.JPG 450 Bull Street 1857 By John S. Norris. Molyneux was consul at Savannah from 1832 to 1862.[16] After the Civil War, the house was purchased by Henry R. Jackson.[17] Now the Oglethorpe Club
Mills B. Lane House Mills B. Lane House.jpg 26 East Gaston Street 1909 By Mowbray & Uffinger
Mary C. Lane House Mary C. Lane House.jpg 102 East Gaston Street 1927 A close copy of the Olde Pink House, commissioned by Mary Comer Lane
J.J. Dale & David Wells Row House 108-116 East Gaston Street.jpg 108–116 East Gaston Street 1884
William Wade House William Wade House, 120 East Gaston Street.jpg 120 East Gaston Street 1883 By John R. Hamlet. Wade was superintendent of the Savannah Cotton Press Association and president of the United Hydraulic Cotton Press Company[18]
Granite Hall (part of SCAD) 126 East Gaston Street.jpg 126 East Gaston Street 1881 Formerly known as the Fred Hull House; by John M. Williams
Old Savannah/Candler Hospital Candler hospital.jpg 516 Drayton Street (116 East Huntingdon Street) 1819/1876
William Baker House William H. Baker House.jpg 612 Drayton Street 1872
William Hone House William Hone House.jpg 618 Drayton Street 1872 Today's Clinard Hall, part of SCAD
Lai Wa Hall, SCAD 622 Drayton Street 1890
Lewis Kayton House/Mansion on Forsyth Park Lewis Kayton House.jpg 700 Drayton Street 1889 By Alfred Eichberg
804 Drayton Street 804 Drayton Street
Confederate Memorial Hall (former) CONFEDERATE MEMORIAL HALL, 808 DRAYTON STREET, WEST ELEVATION - Savannah Victorian Historic District, Bounded by Gwinnett, East Broad, West Broad Street and Anderson Lane, Savannah HABS GA,26-SAV,53-7.tif 808 Drayton Street
814–816 Drayton Street 814–816 Drayton Street
106 West Gwinnett Street 106 West Gwinnett Street 1932
705 Whitaker Street 705 Whitaker Street.jpg 705 Whitaker Street 1900
703 Whitaker Street 703 Whitaker Street.jpg 703 Whitaker Street 1890
Joseph Chestnut House Joseph Chestnut House.jpg 701 Whitaker Street 1892
Forsyth Park Inn Forsyth Park Inn.jpg 102 West Hall Street 1899 (by)
615–617 Whitaker Street 615–617 Whitaker Street 1899
611 Whitaker Street & carriage house Residences -- 611 Whitaker Street.jpg 611 Whitaker Street and carriage house 1894
William Holt House William Holt House.jpg 609 Whitaker Street 1886
605 Whitaker Street 605 Whitaker Street.jpg 605 Whitaker Street 1886
603 Whitaker Street 603 Whitaker Street.jpg 603 Whitaker Street 1888
601 Whitaker Street 601 Whitaker Street.jpg 601 Whitaker Street 1883
Metts-McNeil House Built for Lawrence McNeil by G.L. Norman, 1903.jpg 513 Whitaker Street 1903 Built for Lawrence McNeill by G. L. Norrman
John Williamson House Built for John Williamson, 1870, Mansard Roof, 1911.jpg 509 Whitaker Street 1870 John Postell Williamson was one of the wealthiest real-estate owners and planters in Savannah in the first half of the 19th century. The home was the rendezvous for army officers following the Mexican war and the Indian wars in Florida.[19] Mansard roof added 1911
Magnolia Hall Magnolia Hall.jpg 503 Whitaker Street 1883 Built for Jacob Guerard Heyward, the great-grandson of Thomas Heyward Jr.
W. B. Hodgson Hall 501 Whitaker - August 9, 2021.jpg 501 Whitaker Street 1876 By the American Institute of Architects' founder Detlef Lienau; on the NRHP
Israel Dasher House Israel Dasher House.jpg 124 West Gaston Street 1858
Gustavus Holcombe House Gustavus Holcombe House.jpg 116 West Gaston Street 1852
118 West Gaston Street 118 West Gaston Street 1885
George Cubbedge House George Cubbedge House.jpg 112–114 West Gaston Street 1852/1875 Cubbedge was the owner of an oil company[20]
Nathan Brown House Nathan Brown House.jpg 110 West Gaston Street 1874/1898
Thomas Holcombe House Thomas Holcombe House.jpg 104 West Gaston Street 1856 Now administrative offices for the Georgia Historical Society
George Gray House (Gray–Minis House) 24 West Gaston Street.jpg 24 West Gaston Street 1862 Altered in 1871, 1874 and 1907
William F. Brantley House 20 West Gaston Street.jpg 20 West Gaston Street 1857 By John S. Norris

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Seton Henry Hardee's Recollections of old Savannah, Martha Gallaudet Waring, The Georgia Historical Quarterly, JSTOR (1929), p. 34
  2. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 80. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  3. ^ Kennedy, Henry J. (1998). History of the Savannah Volunteer Guards, Inc. 1802-1992. Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, Inc. pp. 500+. ISBN 0-89308-709-2.
  4. ^ Rubenstein, Charlotte Streifer, American Women Sculptors: A History of Women Working in Three Dimensions, G. K. Hall and Co. Boston, 1990, pp. 103–104.ISBN 978-0-8161-8732-4
  5. ^ Todzia, Carol A. (1994). The University of Texas herbaria : type register / Carol A. Todzia. Austin, Tex.: Plant Resources Center, Dept. of Botany, University of Texas. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.13044. ISBN 0-9642085-0-4.
  6. ^ "The Hiker (Kitson)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Hiker_(Kitson)&oldid=929631059
  7. ^ Bonaventure Cemetery. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 02:04, March 2, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bonaventure_Cemetery&oldid=942788257
  8. ^ "Adrian Janes".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "Soldiers Memorial Fountain unveiled in 1870 as tribute to those who served in Civil War".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ GoSouthSavannah
  11. ^ "Cape Fear".
  12. ^ "Broadway Fountain".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ "HISTORIC BUILDING MAP, Savannah Historic District" (PDF). Savannah Metropolitan Planning Commission (MPC) website. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
  14. ^ Pocket Savannah & Charleston, Fodor ISBN 0679008985
  15. ^ "Interview with the author of Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil" – VisitorsTvNetwork, YouTube, March 17, 2013
  16. ^ The British Foreign Service and the American Civil War, Eugene Berwanger (2014), p. 62 ISBN 9780813149493
  17. ^ Savannah, 1733 to 2000: Photographs from the Collection of the Georgia Historical Society, Susan E. Dick, Mandi D. Johnson, Georgia Historical Society (2001), p. 100 ISBN 9780738506883
  18. ^ McKean Genealogies, from the Early Settlement of McKeans Or McKeens in America to the Present Time, 1902, Cornelius McKean (1902), p. 158
  19. ^ A History of Savannah and South Georgia, Volume 2 (1913), p. 660
  20. ^ Our Savannah: From Ardsley Park to Twickenham and Beyond, Polly Powers Stramm (2009) ISBN 9781625842909

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°04′03″N 81°05′47″W / 32.0676°N 81.0963°W / 32.0676; -81.0963