Forsythia suspensa

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Forsythia suspensa
Forsythia suspensa1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Forsythia
F. suspensa
Binomial name
Forsythia suspensa
Forsythia suspensa3.jpg

Forsythia suspensa (Chinese: ; pinyin: liánqiào, weeping forsythia[2] or golden-bell[3]) is a species of flowering plant in the family native to Asia. It is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine.[4] It contains the lignans Pinoresinol[5] and phillyrin.


Forsythia suspensa is a large shrub. It can be grown as a weeping shrub on stream banks and can be identified by its pale flowers. Garden cultivars can be found. It is a spring flowering shrub, with yellow flowers. It is grown and prized for its toughness.[6]


  1. ^ "Forsythia suspensa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  2. ^ "Forsythia suspensa". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  4. ^ "Forsythia suspensa - Plants For A Future database report". Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  5. ^ Davin, Laurence B.; Bedgar, Diana L.; Katayama, Takeshi; Lewis, Norman G. (1992). "On the stereoselective synthesis of (+)-pinoresinol in Forsythia suspensa from its achiral precursor, coniferyl alcohol". Phytochemistry. 31 (11): 3869–3874. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)97544-7. PMID 11536515.
  6. ^ Royal Horticultural Society (Great Britain) (1992). The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-56159-001-8.

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