Fort Amherst, St. John's
Fort Amherst from Signal Hill
|Province||Newfoundland and Labrador|
|• Administrative body||St. John's City Council|
|Official name||Fort Amherst National Historic Site of Canada|
Fort Amherst Lighthouse
|Year first constructed||
|Year first lit||1951 (current)|
stone tower (first)|
wooden tower (current)
|Tower shape||square frustun tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||white tower, red lantern roof|
|Height||8 metres (26 ft)|
|Focal height||40 metres (130 ft)|
|Range||17 nautical miles (31 km; 20 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 15s.|
|CHS number||CCG 506|
|Managing agent||Fort Amherst Museum and Tea Room |
|Heritage||National Historic Sites of Canada|
Fort Amherst is a neighbourhood in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. It is located at Coordinates: , on the southern side of the Narrows, the entrance to St. John's harbour. Apart from some family dwellings, Fort Amherst consists of a man-made harbour, a lighthouse and the remains of gun emplacements and pillboxes built during World War II to defend against German U-boats. Two QF 4.7-inch B Mark IV* guns remain in place, and can still be seen on their mountings.
The original fortifications at Fort Amherst, built in the 1770s, are no longer visible. The fortifications were named for William Amherst, who successfully recaptured St. John's from French forces in 1762. The fort operated in conjunction with Fort Waldegrave for much of its history. The site was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1951.
- Southeastern Newfoundland The Lighthouse DirectoryUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 10 February 2017
- List of Lights, Pub. 110: Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2016.
- "Fort Amherst small boat harbor". Retrieved 2007-08-27.
- "Fort Amherst lighthouse". Retrieved 2007-08-27.
- "Fort Amherst history". Retrieved 2007-08-27.
- "The Grand Concourse: Plans Presented for Fort Amherst". Retrieved 2009-08-16.
- "The Recapture of St. John's, Newfoundland in 1762". Retrieved 2008-05-07.
- Fort Amherst. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- "Historic sites around St.Johns". Retrieved 2007-08-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fort Amherst and the St. John's WWII Coastal Defences.|