Fort Amherst, St. John's

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Fort Amherst
Neighbourhood
Fort Amherst from Signal Hill
Fort Amherst from Signal Hill
Country Canada
Province Newfoundland and Labrador
CitySt. John's
Ward2
Government
 • Administrative bodySt. John's City Council
 • CouncilorFrank Galgay
Official nameFort Amherst National Historic Site of Canada
Designated1951
Fort Amherst Lighthouse
Fort Amherst lighthouse, St. John's, NL.jpg
Fort Amherst Lighthouse
Fort Amherst, St. John's is located in Newfoundland
Fort Amherst, St. John's
Newfoundland
LocationFort Amherst
St. John's
Newfoundland
Canada
Coordinates47°33′48.68″N 52°40′49.52″W / 47.5635222°N 52.6804222°W / 47.5635222; -52.6804222
Year first constructed1813 (first)
1852 (second)
Year first lit1951 (current)
Constructionstone tower (first)
wooden tower (current)
Tower shapesquare frustun tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternwhite tower, red lantern roof
Tower height8 metres (26 ft)
Focal height40 metres (130 ft)
Range17 nautical miles (31 km; 20 mi)
CharacteristicFl W 15s.
Admiralty numberH0458
CHS numberCCG 506
NGA number1848
ARLHS numberCAN-683
Managing agentFort Amherst Museum and Tea Room [1][2]
Heritagenational historic site of Canada Edit this on Wikidata

Fort Amherst is a neighbourhood in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. It is located at 47°33′48.96″N 52°40′49.60″W / 47.5636000°N 52.6804444°W / 47.5636000; -52.6804444Coordinates: 47°33′48.96″N 52°40′49.60″W / 47.5636000°N 52.6804444°W / 47.5636000; -52.6804444, on the southern side of the Narrows, the entrance to St. John's harbour. Apart from some family dwellings, Fort Amherst consists of a man-made harbour,[3] a lighthouse[4] and the remains of gun emplacements and pillboxes built during World War II to defend against German U-boats. Two QF 4.7-inch B Mark IV* guns remain in place, and can still be seen on their mountings.[5]

The original fortifications at Fort Amherst, built in the 1770s, are no longer visible.[5] The fortifications were named for William Amherst,[6] who successfully recaptured St. John's from French forces in 1762.[7] The fort operated in conjunction with Fort Waldegrave for much of its history. The site was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1951.[8]

The name is shared with Port La-Joye / Fort Amherst in Prince Edward Island and Fort Amherst in England.

The first lighthouse in Newfoundland was built at Fort Amherst in 1810.[9] The current lighthouse was built in 1951.[4]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Southeastern Newfoundland The Lighthouse DirectoryUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 10 February 2017
  2. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110: Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2016.
  3. ^ "Fort Amherst small boat harbor". Retrieved 2007-08-27.
  4. ^ a b "Fort Amherst lighthouse". Retrieved 2007-08-27.
  5. ^ a b "Fort Amherst history". Retrieved 2007-08-27.
  6. ^ "The Grand Concourse: Plans Presented for Fort Amherst". Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  7. ^ "The Recapture of St. John's, Newfoundland in 1762". Retrieved 2008-05-07.
  8. ^ Fort Amherst. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  9. ^ "Historic sites around St.Johns". Retrieved 2007-08-27.