Fort Amherst, St. John's

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Fort Amherst
Fort Amherst from Signal Hill
Fort Amherst from Signal Hill
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
City St. John's
Ward 2
 • Administrative body St. John's City Council
 • Councilor

Frank Galgay

Official name Fort Amherst National Historic Site of Canada
Designated 1951
Fort Amherst Lighthouse
Fort Amherst lighthouse, St. John's, NL.jpg
Fort Amherst Lighthouse
Fort Amherst, St. John's is located in Newfoundland
Fort Amherst, St. John's
Location Fort Amherst
St. John's
Coordinates 47°33′48.68″N 52°40′49.52″W / 47.5635222°N 52.6804222°W / 47.5635222; -52.6804222
Year first constructed 1813 (first)
1852 (second)
Year first lit 1951 (current)
Construction stone tower (first)
wooden tower (current)
Tower shape square frustun tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower, red lantern roof
Height 8 metres (26 ft)
Focal height 40 metres (130 ft)
Range 17 nautical miles (31 km; 20 mi)
Characteristic Fl W 15s.
Admiralty number H0458
CHS number CCG 506
NGA number 1848
ARLHS number CAN-683
Managing agent Fort Amherst Museum and Tea Room [1][2]
Heritage National Historic Sites of Canada Edit this on Wikidata

Fort Amherst is a neighbourhood in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. It is located at 47°33′48.96″N 52°40′49.60″W / 47.5636000°N 52.6804444°W / 47.5636000; -52.6804444Coordinates: 47°33′48.96″N 52°40′49.60″W / 47.5636000°N 52.6804444°W / 47.5636000; -52.6804444, on the southern side of the Narrows, the entrance to St. John's harbour. Apart from some family dwellings, Fort Amherst consists of a man-made harbour,[3] a lighthouse[4] and the remains of gun emplacements and pillboxes built during World War II to defend against German U-boats. Two QF 4.7-inch B Mark IV* guns remain in place, and can still be seen on their mountings.[5]

The original fortifications at Fort Amherst, built in the 1770s, are no longer visible.[5] The fortifications were named for William Amherst,[6] who successfully recaptured St. John's from French forces in 1762.[7] The fort operated in conjunction with Fort Waldegrave for much of its history. The site was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1951.[8]

The name is shared with Port La-Joye / Fort Amherst in Prince Edward Island and Fort Amherst in England.

The first lighthouse in Newfoundland was built at Fort Amherst in 1810.[9] The current lighthouse was built in 1951.[4]

See also[edit]