Fort Black

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Fort Black
Greenfield, Pittsburgh
Sketch of the Defenses of Pittsburg (sic) made by order of Captain Craighill, Corps of Engrs., USA, July 20th, 1863... - NARA - 305785 (cropped, showing Fort Black).jpg
Fort Black is marked "Fort" in this map.
Coordinates40°25′08″N 79°56′27″W / 40.4188°N 79.9407°W / 40.4188; -79.9407Coordinates: 40°25′08″N 79°56′27″W / 40.4188°N 79.9407°W / 40.4188; -79.9407
Site history
FateNo remains[2]

Fort Black[3] (also known as Fort Squirrel Hill and Fort Chess)[4] was a fort[2] built in the Greenfield (then part of Squirrel Hill)[1] neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1863, during the Civil War.

It was located on Bigelow Street (formerly Squirrel Hill Road)[1] between Parade and Shields streets,[4] and had cannons facing the Point, and trenches to protect soldiers.[1]

The fort was one of the most massive of the 27 built at the time to defend Pittsburgh from the Confederates, and like the other forts, was built of mounds of dirt.[2][5]

A powder magazine was also built nearby, on Beechwood Boulevard.[4][2]

It remained standing until its demolition in 1928.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d "In the Footsteps of Renegades : A Virtual Tour of Greenfield" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-04-21.
  2. ^ a b c d "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 24, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Earliest Settlements in the Fifteenth Ward of the City of Pittsburgh" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-04-21.
  4. ^ a b c d "Pennsylvania Forts: page 8". 2009-12-19. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  5. ^ "One Quiet Pittsburgh Neighborhood Is Home To A Civil War Fort". WESA. May 31, 2018.