Fort Clinton (Central Park)
Fort Clinton in New York City's Central Park was an 1814 stone-and-earthworks fortification on a rocky escarpment near the present line of 107th Street, slightly west of Fifth Avenue. According to maps of the time, Fort Clinton was the easternmost of a connected series of forts, connected to Nutter's Battery on the west by earthworks and a gatehouse over the Old Post Road at the bottom of McGowan's Pass. Fort Clinton and Nutter's Battery were commanded from a third fort at the top of the Pass, Fort Fish, which had a sweeping view of Long Island Sound, northern Manhattan, and Westchester County. Fish was across the road from Clinton and connected to Nutter's Battery by another line of earthworks.
According to the Central Park Conservancy's website, the fort was named after New York City's mayor, DeWitt Clinton. During the American Revolution, the site was used by the British and Hessians during their occupation of New York City, 1776–1783.
- Lossing, Benson (1868). The Pictorial Field-Book of the War of 1812. Harper & Brothers, Publishers. p. 972.
- "Northern Forts" page at michaelminn.net has a detail of a contemporary map.
- Edward Hagaman Hall, McGown's Pass and Its Vicinity, 1905.
- I. N. Phelps Stokes, The Iconography of Manhattan Island, 1928.
- CPC site here.