Fort Garland

Coordinates: 37°25′26″N 105°25′56″W / 37.42397°N 105.43224°W / 37.42397; -105.43224
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Fort Garland
Fort Garland in 1874.
Fort Garland is located in Colorado
Fort Garland
Fort Garland is located in the United States
Fort Garland
LocationFort Garland, Colorado
Coordinates37°25′26″N 105°25′56″W / 37.42397°N 105.43224°W / 37.42397; -105.43224
NRHP reference No.70000156[1]
CSRHP No.5CT.46[2]
Added to NRHPFebruary 26, 1970

Fort Garland (1858–1883), Colorado, United States, was designed to house two companies of soldiers to protect settlers in the San Luis Valley, then in the Territory of New Mexico. It was named for General John Garland, commander of the Military District of New Mexico.[3]


Colonel Kit Carson and New Mexico Volunteers were stationed here in 1866 and he successfully negotiated a treaty with the Utes in 1867.[3]

The Ninth Cavalry (Buffalo Soldiers) was stationed here between 1876 and 1879. In 1876, these troops were called to the La Plata region to prevent conflict between the Utes and white prospectors. The following year, they helped remove white settlers from Ute reservation lands.[3]

In 1879, United States military units from Fort Garland were called upon by Nathan Meeker, the Indian Agent at the White River Agency. Meeker and others were killed, and family members taken captive by unhappy Utes. The captives were released and the Utes were moved once again, which reduced the need for a fort.

Fort Garland Museum[edit]

The Colorado Historical Society restored the fort and opened the Fort Garland Museum in 1950.[citation needed] Restored and reconstructed buildings include the adobe Commandant's Quarters, where Kit Carson and his wife once lived,[4] the cavalry barracks with exhibits of Hispanic traditional arts and 19th century transportation artifacts, and officer's quarters. Permanent exhibits focus on Kit Carson and Buffalo Soldiers.[5] The museum is administered by History Colorado.

Pike's Stockade, the reconstructed stockade site where Zebulon Pike raised the American flag in 1807, is located about 45 miles southwest of the fort.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  2. ^ "Costilla County: Fort Garland". National and State Register Listed Properties. History Colorado. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "The Story of Fort Garland: 1858-1883". San Luis Valley Museum Association. Archived from the original on July 18, 2013. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  4. ^ "Commandant's Quarters". Fort Garland Museum. San Luis Valley Museum Association. Archived from the original on July 20, 2013. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  5. ^ "Fort Garland Museum". San Luis Valley Museum Association. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  6. ^ "History of the Fort". Museums: Fort Garland Museum. History Colorado. Retrieved July 6, 2013.

External links[edit]