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Fort Holabird was located in the southeast corner of the city and northwest of the suburban developments of Dundalk, Maryland, in surrounding Baltimore County, fronting on Holabird Avenue between Broening Highway and Dundalk Avenue. From 1941 until the end of World War II (1939/1941-1945), the military installation grew to include approximately 350 acres and 286 buildings. After the Second World War, activities at Fort Holabird were curtailed and portions of the property were transferred from the Army. The largest land transfers occurred in the timeframe over three decades later following the Vietnam War (1961-1975), between 1977 and 1979, when 223 acres were transferred to the City of Baltimore. The City later developed the land in succeeding years into the Fort Holabird Industrial Park.
- 1918: Established as Camp Holabird on 96 acres of marsh near Colgate Creek. Established as the US Army's first motor transport training center and depot in southeastern Baltimore City. It was named for Army Quartermaster General and West Point graduate Samuel B. Holabird (1826-1907).
- 1918: During World War I, Holabird supplied the American Expeditionary Force in France with Detroit-made vehicles. Thousands of military personnel were trained there to drive and repair automobiles and trucks.
- 1918 or after: Became home to the Holabird Quartermaster Depot.
- 2 July 1919: U.S. Navy blimp C-8 explodes while landing at Camp Holabird, injuring about 80 adults and children who were watching. Windows in homes a mile away are broken by the blast.
- 1920: by 1920 a center for the research and development of military vehicles was established at Holabird. Here the now famous Jeep was tested and refined.
- 1942: Renamed as Holabird Ordnance Depot.
- 1943: Renamed as Holabird Signal Depot.
- 1947: Renamed as Camp Holabird.
- 1950: Renamed as Fort Holabird. The U.S. Army Intelligence School and Counter Intelligence Records Facility based here until transferred to Fort Huachuca, Arizona in 1972. It was also used as an Armed Forces Examining & Entrance Station (induction facility).
- Early 1970s: Due to its proximity to Washington, D.C., Ft. Holabird was used to guard witnesses in major federal cases, such as the Watergate hearings. E Howard Hunt, Charles Colson and John Dean were among the Watergate witnesses held there.
- 1973: Closed, area has been redeveloped into an industrial park.
- 2001: Fire destroys remnants of former spy school.
Notable people trained or stationed at Ft. Holabird
- Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, former President of Tunisia
- Donald L. Barlett, American author and investigative journalist
- Stephen Barnett, American law profession and legal scholar
- Stephen Breyer, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of United States
- C. D. B. Bryan
- Boniface Campbell, United States Army Major General
- Roger Christie, an American ordained minister in the Religion of Jesus Church
- Garrison B. Coverdale, United States Army Major General
- Thomas J. Dodd, Jr.
- Oliver W. Dillard, United States Army Major General
- Mike Gravel
- W.E.B. Griffin
- Chic Hecht, United States Senator 1983-1989
- Dennis F. Hightower, former Deputy Secretary, United States Department of Commerce
- Clint Hill
- Patrick M. Hughes, former Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
- Thomas Charles Huston
- Charles "Chuck" Ingerson, US Army Intelligence and Counter Intelligence (MSG), American Poet and Writer
- Eli Jacobs, American financier and attorney
- Morton Kondracke
- Ann M. McDonough, first woman member of the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps
- George J. Mitchell
- Ben Moses
- Robert H. Pepper, United States Marines Corps Lieutenant General
- McCandlish Phillips, American journalist and author
- J. D. Salinger, author
- Douglas L. Turner, former Washington Bureau Chief of The Buffalo News
- Humbert Roque Versace
- George J. Walker, US Army Brigadier General and former Deputy Commanding General of INSCOM
Counterintelligence Corps (United States Army)
Fort Howard, Maryland, interrogation training
P.O. Box 1142, WWII Military Intelligence facility
Karl Probst, designer of the first jeep prototypes
United States Army Counterintelligence
United States Army Intelligence Center
- Fort Holabird, Dundalk, Maryland Base Realignment and Closure Site (BRAC) [permanent dead link]
- Gary Helton (2005). Images of America: Dundalk. p. 73
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2011-08-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- New York Times index for the published news - Google Boeken. 1919. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- Charles Colson. Born Again, Chosen Books.
- 5-alarm fire that destroyed buildings at Fort Holabird is 'termed very suspicious'."The Baltimore Sun", October 6, 2001
- "Senate Judiciary Committee Initial Questionnaire (Supreme Court)" (PDF). United States Senate Judiciary Committee. Retrieved December 22, 2020.
- J D Salinger: A Life by Kenneth Slewenski, 2011
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holabird Ordnance Depot.|
- Camp Holabird, from "On the Trail of Jeep History"
- 1919 Letter from a man in Camp Holabird
- 1928 article, "The Holabird Quartermaster Depot"
- "The Army Intelligence Center is Established 1 September 1954"
- " Congressional hearing on the relocation of The U.S. Army Intelligence School from Fort Holabird to Fort Huachuca, May 10, 1972