Fort Inge

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Fort Inge
Ft inge 2007.jpg
The site of Fort Inge archeological site with Mount Inge in the background.
State of Texas with a red reference point indicating the vicinity of Fort Inge.
State of Texas with a red reference point indicating the vicinity of Fort Inge.
Location within Texas
Location Uvalde County, Texas, USA
Nearest city Uvalde, Texas
Coordinates 29°10′40″N 99°45′52″W / 29.17778°N 99.76444°W / 29.17778; -99.76444Coordinates: 29°10′40″N 99°45′52″W / 29.17778°N 99.76444°W / 29.17778; -99.76444
Area 39 acres (16 ha)
Built December 1849
NRHP Reference # 85002298[1]
Added to NRHP September 12, 1985

Fort Inge was a frontier fort in Uvalde County, Texas, United States. Established as Camp Leona on March 13, 1849, it was garrisoned intermittently until March 19, 1869. The fort served as a base for United States Army troops assigned to protect the southern overland mail route along the San Antonio-El Paso Road from Indian raids. The camp was renamed Fort Inge in honor of Lieutenant Zebulon M. P. Inge a West Point officer killed in the Mexican–American War. Other forts in the frontier fort system were Forts Griffin, Concho, Belknap, Chadbourne, Fort Stockton, Fort Davis, Fort Bliss, Fort Mason, McKavett, Clark, Fort McIntosh, Richardson and Phantom Hill in Texas, and Fort Sill in Oklahoma.[2]:48 There were "sub posts or intermediate stations" including Bothwick's Station on Salt Creek between Fort Richardson and Fort Belknap, Camp Wichita near Buffalo Springs between Fort Richardson and Red River Station, and Mountain Pass between Fort Concho and Fort Griffin.[2]:49

There were two wooden barracks with thatched roofs that quartered the soldiers assigned to the fort. There was also a large limestone building that served as commissary and later a hospital. The buildings at Ft. Inge were never sufficient for the troops stationed there, probably because this post was never determined by the Army to be a permanent post. It was started in 1849 but abandoned in the spring of 1851. It was reoccupied that same summer and occupied until 1855 when it was abandoned again. It was reoccupied a third time in 1856 but was abandoned in 1861 to Confederate States Army troops.[3]

The United States Army regarrisoned the fort until March 19, 1869, when the garrison was transferred to Fort McKavett. The army recovered materials from the site to use for additions to nearby Fort Clark. Fort Inge then saw use as a camp by the Texas Rangers until 1884.

The fort was surrounded on three sides by a stacked stone wall added approximately at the time of the Civil War. The wall was dismantled in 1874 and the stone used to build a dam on the Leona River. The wall was relaid along its original lines in 1984.

Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II was posted to Fort Inge in the early 1850s, and his letters from there are preserved by the Maryland Historical Society.

In 1961, the site became the Fort Inge Historical Site County Park. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 12, 1985.[4] The site is located on the Leona River and is dominated by the 140-foot (43 m) high remains of an extinct volcano named Mount Inge.

Major Neighbors[edit]

Robert Neighbors arrived at the fort on 7 April 1854, investigating Indian depredations and found the raiding party consisted of twelve Tonkawas, two of which were killed and nine turned over to the fort.[5]:114 Neighbors also freed the Lipan Chief Chiquito and his men from the guard house, and charged Indian Agent Howard with "dereliction of duty" for their false arrest and mismanagement of the Indian situation.[5]:114



  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b Carter, R.G., On the Border with Mackenzie, 1935, Washington D.C.: Enyon Printing Co.
  3. ^ Herbert M. Hart, Old Forts of the Southwest, Superior Publishing Company, Seattle, Washington, 1964, First Edition
  4. ^ Staff Writer. "Fort Inge Archeological Site." National Register of Historic Places. Accessed April 17, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-04-17.
  5. ^ a b Neighbours, K.F., 1975, Robert Neighbors and the Texas Frontier, 1836-1859, Waco: Texian Press

External links[edit]