Fort Klamath

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Fort Klamath
Klamath County, Oregon
Wooden guard house in grass field with tree and mountain background
Fort Klamath guard house
TypeMilitary base
Site information
Controlled byUnited States Army
Site history
In use1863–1890
Battles/warsModoc Wars
Garrison information
Edward Canby
Garrison14th Infantry Regiment
Fort Klamath Site
Fort Klamath is located in Oregon
Fort Klamath
Fort Klamath is located in the United States
Fort Klamath
Nearest cityFort Klamath, Oregon
Coordinates42°41′31″N 121°58′20″W / 42.69194°N 121.97222°W / 42.69194; -121.97222Coordinates: 42°41′31″N 121°58′20″W / 42.69194°N 121.97222°W / 42.69194; -121.97222
NRHP reference No.71000680[1]
Added to NRHPOctober 07, 1971

Fort Klamath was a military outpost near the western end of the Oregon Trail, between Crater Lake National Park and Upper Klamath Lake in Klamath County, Oregon, United States. The Fort Klamath Site, about a mile southeast of the present community of Fort Klamath, Oregon, is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places


Fort Klamath was established in 1863, and was an important Army post during conflicts with the Klamath, Modoc, and Northern Paiute tribes.[2] The fort consisted of more than 50 buildings, including a sawmill. Four Modoc men, led by Kintpuash, were executed there in 1873 for the killing of General Edward Canby. Their graves remain at the fort.

A post office was opened in 1879. By the mid-1880s, the settlers in the area no longer needed protection, and in 1889 the decision was made to close the fort. After a harsh final winter with more than 20 feet (6 m) of snow, the troops of Company I of the 14th Infantry Regiment left the fort on June 23, 1890, and moved to Vancouver Barracks.

Fort Klamath Museum[edit]

An 8-acre (32,000 m2) parcel within the fort area is maintained as a park and museum by Klamath County, Oregon. The Fort Klamath Museum is housed in a modern structure designed after the fort's guardhouse and standing in the original guardhouse location.

The Fort Klamath site was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Walton, Elisabeth (August 1971). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Fort Klamath Site" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved August 30, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ History of the Pacific Northwest: Oregon and Washington. North Pacific History Company. 1889. p. 649. Retrieved April 28, 2013. fort klamath history 1863. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]