Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport
|Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport|
|Operator||Broward County Aviation Department|
|Location||Broward County, Florida, U.S.|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||9 ft / 3 m|
Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport (IATA: FLL, ICAO: KFLL, FAA LID: FLL) is in unincorporated Broward County, Florida, United States, bounded by the cities Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood and Dania Beach, three miles (5 km) southwest of downtown Fort Lauderdale and 21 miles (34 km) north of Miami. The airport is near cruise line terminals at Port Everglades and is popular among tourists bound for the Caribbean. Since the late 1990s, FLL has become an intercontinental gateway, although Miami International Airport still handles most long-haul flights.
It is the largest base for Spirit Airlines, catering mainly to the airline's international to domestic network, and it is a hub for JetBlue and Norwegian Long Haul. It is also a focus city for Allegiant Air and Southwest Airlines. In 2016, the top five air carriers by market share were JetBlue Airways at 25%, Spirit Airlines at 19.6%, Southwest Airlines at 17.5%, Delta Air Lines at 11.3%, and American Airlines at 8.3%. FLL is ranked as the 21st busiest airport (in terms of passenger traffic) in the United States, as well as the nation's 14th busiest international air gateway and one of the world's 50 busiest airports. FLL is classified by the US Federal Aviation Administration as a "major hub" facility serving commercial air traffic. In 2016 the airport processed 29,205,002 passengers (8.4% more than 2015) including 6,055,415 international passengers (10.1% more than 2015).
- 1 History
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Construction
- 4 Terminals
- 5 Airlines and destinations
- 6 Statistics
- 7 Ground transportation
- 8 Accidents and incidents
- 9 References
- 10 External links
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Merle Fogg Airport opened on an abandoned 9-hole golf course on May 1, 1929. At the start of World War II, it was commissioned by the United States Navy and renamed Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale. The base was initially used for refitting civil airliners for military service before they were ferried across the Atlantic to Europe and North Africa. NAS Fort Lauderdale later became a main training base for Naval Aviators and enlisted naval air crewmen flying the Grumman TBF and TBM Avenger for the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps aboard aircraft carriers and from expeditionary airfields ashore. NAS Fort Lauderdale was the home base for Flight 19, the five TBM Avengers that disappeared in December 1945, leading in part to the notoriety of the Bermuda Triangle.
NAS Fort Lauderdale closed on October 1, 1946 and was transferred to county control, becoming Broward County International Airport.
Commercial flights to Nassau began on June 2, 1953, and domestic flights began in 1958–1959: Northeast Airlines and National Airlines DC-6Bs flew nonstop to Idlewild, and Northeast flew nonstop to Washington National. In 1959 the airport opened its first permanent terminal building and assumed its current name.
In 1966, the airport averaged 48 airline operations a day; in 1972, it averaged 173 a day.
The Feb 1966 Official Airline Guide shows three nonstop departures to New York–Kennedy and no other nonstop flights beyond Tampa and Orlando. Five years later. FLL had added nonstop flights to Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Minneapolis, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh. (Northeast's nonstop to Los Angeles had already been dropped.)
By 1974, the airport was served by Braniff International Airways, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, National Airlines, Northwest Orient Airlines, Shawnee Airlines and United Airlines. By 1979, following deregulation, Air Florida, Bahamasair, Florida Airlines, Mackey International Airlines, Republic Airlines, Trans World Airlines and Western Airlines also served the airport.
Low-cost airline traffic grew in the 1990s, with Southwest opening its base in 1996, Spirit in 1999, and JetBlue in 2000. Spirit Airlines made FLL a hub in 2002. In 2003, JetBlue made FLL a focus city. US Airways also planned a hub at Fort Lauderdale in the mid-2000s as part of its reorganization strategy before its merger with America West.
Low-cost competition forced several major legacy airlines to cut back service to FLL, with United pulling out of the airport entirely in 2008 and American Airlines moving its New York and Los Angeles services to West Palm Beach in 2013.
During the 2005 hurricane season FLL was affected by Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Wilma. Katrina struck land in late August as a Category 1 and made landfall on Keating Beach just two miles from the airport (near the border of Broward and Miami–Dade counties) with 80 mph (130 km/h) winds but caused only minor damage; however, the airport was closed for about a 48-hour period. However, when Hurricane Wilma made landfall in October roof damage was reported along with broken windows, damaged jetways, and destroyed canopies. The airport was closed for a period of 5 days. Hurricane Wilma was a Category 2 when its center passed to the west of FLL.
In February 2007, the airport started fees to all users, including private aircraft. FLL is one of the few airports to administer fees to private pilots. A minimum charge of $10 is assessed on landing private aircraft.
On October 11, 2016, Emirates announced that they would operate a flight from Dubai to Ft. Lauderdale daily using a Boeing 777-200LR. The airline decided on Fort Lauderdale instead of Miami, which has considerably longer runways and better facilities for long haul flights, because of its codeshare agreement with JetBlue. The airline started flying on December 2016. On October 27, 2016, British Airways announced a flight from London Gatwick to Ft. Lauderdale three times a week, would begin July 6, 2017.
Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport covers 1,380 acres (558 ha) and has two runways:
- 10L/28R: 9,000 x 150 ft (2,743 x 46 m) Asphalt
- 10R/28L: 8,000 x 150 ft (2,438 x 46 m) Concrete (Opened September 18, 2014.)
Silver Airways has its headquarters in Suite 201 of the 1100 Lee Wagener Blvd building. When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area.
- Expansion of 10R/28L Runway
In 2003 plans to expand the facility started. Proposed improvements include an extension of runway 10R/28L, construction and modifications to the airport's taxiway system to provide for increased speed, improved inter-terminal passenger movement and extensive terminal upgrades. The plan was updated a second time in April 25, 2006. Complaints by nearby communities about noise, along with concerns about buyout requirements, delayed construction that is expected to keep Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport viable through 2020.
On June 5, 2007 Broward County commissioners voted six to three in favor of extending the southern 10R/28L runway. The proposal looks to extend the runway to 8,000 ft in order to accommodate larger aircraft and to allow airplanes to land side by side at the same time. The proposal was approved by the FAA and expansion of the south runway is now complete, with the opening of the runway in September 2014. The crosswind runway (13/31) was decommissioned on May 6, 2013. All four terminals, now having 57 gates, will have 97 with the completion of a new long-haul international Terminal Four and Concourse A at Terminal One. By 2020, Ft. Lauderdale–Hollywood is projected to handle 36 million passengers annually.
- Demolition and Reconstruction of Terminal Four
During and after the expansion of runway 10R/28L, reconstruction of Terminal Four will begin at the cost of $450 million. The H concourse will be demolished to build the new "G" concourse. In this process four new gates will be added. Concession space will be increased from 2,128 ft² to 28,000 ft² and a secure walkway will be added to connect terminals three and four.
Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport has four terminals. Terminal 1, commonly referred to as "The New Terminal," opened in stages between 2001 and 2003 and was designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum and Cartaya Associates. The other three terminals were constructed in 1986 and designed by Reynolds, Smith & Hills as part of a $263 million construction project. Terminal 4, commonly referred to as the International Terminal, was inaugurated by a Concorde visit in 1983. Since 2005, T4 has been undergoing renovations and a major expansion designed by PGAL/Zyscovich joint venture. The airport announced that Terminal 1, common known as "The New Terminal", will undergo $300 million makeover. Construction began in late 2015 and is expected to be completed in June 2017.
Terminal 1 – New Terminal (yellow)
- Terminal 1 has three concourses (A, B, & C) and 24 gates. Concourse A opened on June 2, 2017 and has 7 gates (A1-A7), Concourse B has 8 gates (B2-B9), and Concourse C has 9 gates (C1-C9).
- United Airlines operates a United Club in Concourse C, which opened with the new Terminal in May 2001 as a Continental Airlines Presidents Club.
- This Terminal is only used by Southwest, Alaska, Allegiant, Frontier, Silver, Sun Country (Charter), United, Virgin America, and WestJet.
Terminal 2 – "Delta" Terminal (red)
- Terminal 2 has one concourse (D) and 9 gates.
- Delta Air Lines operates a Sky Club here – one of six clubrooms in the state of Florida.
- This Terminal is only used by Delta, Delta Connection, Air Canada, and Air Canada Rouge.
Terminal 3 – Main Terminal (purple)
- Terminal 3 has two concourses (E & F) and 20 gates.
- In May 2013 a food court opened in Concourse F with a Pei Wei, Jamba Juice, and a Steak 'n Shake.
- This Terminal is only used by Azul (Departures), Bahamasair, American, American Eagle, Norwegian, JetBlue, Spirit (Departures), Air Transat and Sunwing* (Arrivals).
Terminal 4 – International Terminal (green)
- Terminal 4 has two concourses (G/H) and 11 gates. H1, H3 and H5 are closed due to the expansion of Terminal 4.
- Note: Terminal 4 handles all non-precleared international arrivals, in addition to the departures listed in the table.
- Concourse H is currently being reconfigured and designed by the architectural firms of PGAL/Zyscovich joint venture. The new three-story facility renamed Concourse G will have 14 new gates, 11 of which are international/domestic capable and one arrivals area for bussing operations. New concessions and approximately 50,000 s.f. of administrative offices for the Aviation Department are being designed on the upper levels of the facility. Western Expansion began construction in 2013. Currently, gates G10-G14 on the west end are operational and in use. Eastern expansion began in spring 2016. An expanded Federal Inspection Services facility will also included in the new Eastern Expansion construction.
- This Terminal is only used by Air Transat, Avianca, Caribbean, Copa, Emirates, Spirit, Sunwing*, TAME, American (International Arrivals), American Eagle (International Charter Arrivals), Azul (Arrivals), Norwegian (Arrivals), JetBlue (International Arrivals), Silver (International Arrivals), WestJet (Arrivals), IBC Airways, and SkyBahamas.
Airlines and destinations
|FedEx Express||Atlanta, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Worth/Alliance, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Lubbock, Memphis, Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, Orlando, Tampa|
operated by Mountain Air Cargo
|Key West, Marathon|
|IBC Airways||Cap-Haitien, Guantanamo Bay, Miami, Nassau, Roatan|
|UPS Airlines||Fort Myers, Hartford, Louisville|
|2||New York–LaGuardia, New York||737,020|
|4||Newark, New Jersey||616,540|
|5||New York–JFK, New York||585,350|
|9||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||376,290|
|1||Bogotá, Colombia||768,184||Avianca, JetBlue, Spirit|
|2||Port-au-Prince, Haiti||616,346||American, JetBlue, Spirit|
|3||Nassau, Bahamas||585,330||Bahamasair, JetBlue, Southwest|
|4||Lima, Peru||542,655||JetBlue, Spirit|
|5||Panama City, Panama||520,061||Copa Airlines, Spirit|
|6||Cancún, Mexico||516,804||JetBlue, Spirit|
|7||Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic||514,337||JetBlue, Spirit|
|8||San Jose, Costa Rica||461,436||JetBlue, Spirit|
|9||Kingston, Jamaica||422,425||Caribbean, JetBlue, Spirit|
|10||Montego Bay Jamaica||340,742||Caribbean, JetBlue, Spirit|
|Source: Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport
Source: Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport
GA overcrowding reliever facility
Rail service between Miami and West Palm Beach is provided by Tri-Rail commuter rail service at the Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport station, accessible via a free Tri-Rail shuttle from the main terminals. The shuttle stops at 3 locations at the airport, all on the lower level: west end of terminal 1, between terminals 2 and 3, and between terminals 3 and 4. The shuttle operates 7 days a week.
The airport also offers airport parking and operates a consolidated rental car facility which can be accessed from Terminal 1 by a short walk and from the other terminals by a free shuttle bus service.
Accidents and incidents
On May 18, 1972, an Eastern Air Lines McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 had its landing gear collapse and tail section separate during landing. The aircraft then caught fire but all passengers and crew were able to safely evacuate.
On July 7, 1983, Air Florida Flight 8 with 47 people on board was flying from Fort Lauderdale International Airport to Tampa International Airport. One of the passengers handed a note to one of the flight attendants, saying that he had a bomb, and telling them to fly the plane to Havana, Cuba. He revealed a small athletic bag, which he opened, and inside was an apparent explosive device. The airplane was diverted to Havana-José Martí International Airport, and the hijacker was taken into custody by Cuban authorities.
On November 19, 2013, an Air Evac International Learjet 35 crashed shortly after take-off from the airport, on its way to Cozumel, Mexico, after calling mayday and during an attempt to return to the airport, possibly due to engine failure, leaving 4 persons dead.
On October 29, 2015, Dynamic Airways Flight 405, a Boeing 767-246ER (N251MY) was taxiing to a runway to take off for a flight to Caracas, Venezuela. when its left engine caught fire due to a fuel leak. The crew immediately stopped the airplane and fire crews arrived on the scene. All 101 passengers and crew were evacuated the aircraft, and 17 passengers were transported to a hospital. All runways were shut down and air operations ceased at the airport for three hours.
On October 28, 2016, Fedex Express Flight 910, a McDonnell Douglas MD-10-10F cargo aircraft (N370FE) arriving from Memphis, Tennessee, caught fire after its left landing gear collapsed upon landing. The fire destroyed its left engine and wing. The three-person crew evacuated the aircraft safely.
On January 6, 2017, a mass shooting occurred in the baggage claim area of Terminal 2 of the airport. Five people were killed, nine others were injured. The shooter was taken into custody without incident and was identified by authorities as Esteban Santiago-Ruiz. Santiago acted alone.
- "TOTAL PASSENGERS (ARRIVING + DEPARTING) – Monthly Stats" (PDF). broward.org. December 2016. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
- "AirportIQ 5010". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- FAA Airport Master Record for FLL ( PDF), effective September 23, 2010
- "Zoning Map Archived June 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." City of Dania Beach. Retrieved on May 12, 2010.
- "Fort Lauderdale, FL: Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International (FLL)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. May 2011.
- "Airlines and Aircraft Serving Fort Lauderdale Effective April 1, 1974". DepartedFlights.com. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
- "Airlines and Aircraft Serving Fort Lauderdale Effective November 15, 1979". DepartedFlights.com. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
- Alexander, Keith (November 19, 2004). "American Fare Cuts Presage Price War". Washington Post. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "United Airlines to halt flights at Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach airports". Sun-Sentinel. June 25, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "American Airlines Moves Flights From Fort Lauderdale To Palm Beach". exMiami. August 12, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- CNN, Steve Almasy, Ray Sanchez, Evan Perez and Shimon Prokupecz. "Sources: Airport shooting suspect used gun once seized by police, confesses". CNN. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- "Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport Runway Expansion Project". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Contact Us." Silver Airways. Retrieved on May 8, 2014. "1100 Lee Wagener Blvd, Suite 201 Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33315."
- "Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport > Business > Tenant Directory Archived December 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." Broward County. Retrieved on December 17, 2011. "1100 Lee Wagener Blvd. Fort Lauderdale, FL33315"
- "Administration." Chalk's International Airlines. March 31, 2004. Retrieved on December 17, 2011. "Chalk's International Airlines 704 SW 34th Street Ft Lauderdale, Fl. 33315"
- Broward County – Airport Archived April 30, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- Broward County – Airport Archived April 30, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- Adrain, Lindsay. "Decommissioning of Runway 13–31 at FLL". FABA. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
- "WSVN-TV – Local News – Broward Commissioners vote in favor of FLL runway expansion". .wsvn.com.
- Terminal 4. Broward.org.
- "Meeting of January 5, 1999 Consent Agenda Board Appointments" (PDF).
- "Cartaya Associates – Fort Lauderdale / Hollywood International Airport Terminal No.1 (Concourses B & C)". Cartayaandassociates.com.
- Lasalandra, Michael (March 4, 1987). "Firm Asks For Extra Payment Architect's Work at Airport in Dispute". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- "Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport overhauls terminal to add more international travel". Sun Sentinel. December 10, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- Inside Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport's major makeover – Sun Sentinel. Sun-Sentinel (April 18, 2013).
- Liu, Jim (October 27, 2016). "British Airways adds Gatwick – Ft. Lauderdale link from July 2017". Airline Route. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- "JetBlue Boosts Focus City Flights in Boston and Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood".
- "Norwegian Air to fly to Spain from four U.S. cities". Usatoday.com. 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
- "Southwest's plans in motion for Caribbean service from Fort Lauderdale, flights out of Cincinnati". Dallas News. 2017-01-05. Archived from the original on January 13, 2017. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
- "When Did We Arrive?".
- "Southwest Airlines To Offer New International Flights From Ft. Lauderdale, Nashville, And St. Louis Beginning November 2017".
- "Fort Lauderdale, FL: Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International (FLL)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- "U.S.-International Passenger Raw Data for Calendar Year 2014". United States Department of Transportation. December 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
- "Statistics". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Operating Statistics". Fort Lauderdale Int. Airport. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "Operating Statistics" (PDF). Fort Lauderdale Int. Airport. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 N8961E Fort Lauderdale International Airport, FL". Aviation Safety Network.
- Harro Ranter (July 7, 1983). "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737 registration unknown Havana-José Martí International Airport (HAV)". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. 1. Check date values in:
- McLaughlin, Eliott (October 29, 2015). "Plane catches fire on runway at Fort Lauderdale airport". CNN. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
- "Report: Shooting At Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood Int’l Airport". cbslocal.com. CBS Miami. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- "Fort Lauderdale Shooting: Five Killed at Airport Shooting, Gunman ID'd as Esteban Santiago". NBC News. January 6, 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
Media related to Fort Lauderdale – Hollywood International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport (official site)
- "Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport". brochure from CFASPP
- Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale Museum (History of Ft. Lauderdale – Hollywood Airport)
- (PDF), effective June 22, 2017
- FAA Terminal Procedures for FLL, effective June 22, 2017
- Resources for this airport: