Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport

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Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport
Fort Lauderdale airport logo.jpg
Fort Lauderdale, Florida - FLL from airplane.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerBroward County
OperatorBroward County Aviation Department
ServesGreater Miami
LocationUnincorporated Broward County, Florida
Opened1929 (1929)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL65 ft / 20 m
Coordinates26°04′21″N 080°09′10″W / 26.07250°N 80.15278°W / 26.07250; -80.15278Coordinates: 26°04′21″N 080°09′10″W / 26.07250°N 80.15278°W / 26.07250; -80.15278
Websitewww.broward.org/airport
Maps
FAA diagram
FAA diagram
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10L/28R 9,000 2,743 Asphalt
10R/28L 8,000 2,438 Concrete
Statistics (2021)
Total passengers28,076,808
Aircraft operations277,267
Based aircraft115[1]

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport (IATA: FLL, ICAO: KFLL, FAA LID: FLL) is a major public airport in Broward County, Florida, United States, and is one of three airports serving the Miami metropolitan area. The airport is off Interstate 595, Interstate 95, U.S. Route 1, Florida State Road A1A, and Florida State Road 5 bounded by the cities Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood, and Dania Beach, 3 miles (5 km) southwest of downtown Fort Lauderdale and 21 miles (34 km) north of Miami.[2][3]

With over 700 daily flights to 135 domestic and international destinations, FLL has become an intercontinental gateway since the late 1990s, although Miami International Airport still handles most long-haul flights. FLL serves as a primary airport for the Fort Lauderdale, Pompano Beach, and Boca Raton areas, and a secondary airport for parts of Miami and areas north of Boca Raton for flights that are not served by Palm Beach International Airport, such as Delray Beach, Jupiter, Boynton Beach, and West Palm Beach. The airport is a base for Allegiant Air, JetBlue and Spirit Airlines, the latter of which has their corporate headquarters nearby in the suburb of Miramar, Florida.[4] In addition, FLL is the primary south Florida airport for Southwest Airlines (although Southwest also serves both Miami and Palm Beach as well) with the majority of Southwest flights currently serving Fort Lauderdale. FLL is classified by the US Federal Aviation Administration as a "major hub" facility serving commercial air traffic.[5]

History[edit]

World War 1 aviator Merle Fogg purchased an abandoned 9-hole golf course that was destroyed in the 1926 Miami hurricane for $1,200 in 1928. On May 1, 1929, the airport officially opened as Merle Fogg Field, with two criss-cross unpaved runways. At the start of World War II, it was commissioned by the United States Navy and renamed Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale. The runways were paved, and a control tower was built. The base was initially used for refitting civil airliners for military service before they were ferried across the Atlantic to Europe and North Africa. NAS Fort Lauderdale later became a main training base for Naval Aviators and enlisted naval air crewmen flying the Grumman TBF and TBM Avenger for the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps aboard aircraft carriers and from expeditionary airfields ashore. NAS Fort Lauderdale was the home base for Flight 19, the five TBM Avengers that disappeared in December 1945, leading in part to the notoriety of the Bermuda Triangle.

NAS Fort Lauderdale closed on October 1, 1946, and was transferred to county control, becoming Broward County International Airport.[6]

Commercial flights to Nassau began on June 2, 1953, and domestic flights began in 1958–1959: Northeast Airlines and National Airlines DC-6Bs flew nonstop to Idlewild, and Northeast flew nonstop to Washington National. In 1959 the airport opened its first permanent terminal building and assumed its current name.

In 1966, the airport averaged 48 airline operations a day; in 1972, it averaged 173 a day.

The Feb 1966 Official Airline Guide shows three nonstop departures to New York–Kennedy and no other nonstop flights beyond Tampa and Orlando. Five years later. FLL had added nonstop flights to Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Minneapolis, New York–La Guardia, Newark, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh. (Northeast's nonstop to Los Angeles had already been dropped.)

By 1974, the airport was served by Braniff International Airways, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, National Airlines, Northwest Orient Airlines, Shawnee Airlines and United Airlines. Delta and Eastern were the dominant carriers, with 12 and 14 routes from FLL respectively.[7] By 1979, following deregulation, Air Florida, Bahamasair, Florida Airlines, Mackey International Airlines, Republic Airlines, Trans World Airlines and Western Airlines also served the airport.[8]

Low-cost airline traffic grew in the 1990s, with Southwest opening its base in 1996, Spirit in 1999, and JetBlue in 2000. Spirit Airlines made FLL a hub in 2002. In 2003, JetBlue made FLL a focus city. US Airways also planned a hub at Fort Lauderdale in the mid-2000s as part of its reorganization strategy before its merger with America West.[9] Eventually, low-cost competition forced several major legacy airlines to cut back service to FLL, with United pulling out of the airport entirely in 2008[10] and American Airlines moving its New York and Los Angeles services to West Palm Beach in 2013.[11]

In January 2000, the Fort Lauderdale airport acquired a direct flight from Africa. South African Airways (SAA) introduced a Boeing 747 service from Cape Town to Atlanta via the Florida city; the flight from Atlanta to South Africa operated nonstop. The aircraft needed to refuel in Fort Lauderdale before continuing on to Atlanta.[12] SAA also selected the city as a stopover to take advantage of Delta Air Lines' network from the airport; SAA had just started code-sharing with Delta.[13] Changes to security regulations following the September 11 attacks forced SAA to eliminate the halt in Fort Lauderdale.[14]

During the 2005 hurricane season FLL was affected by Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Wilma. Katrina struck land in late August as a Category 1 and made landfall on Keating Beach just two miles from the airport (near the border of Broward and Miami–Dade counties) with 80 mph (130 km/h) winds but caused only minor damage; however, the airport was closed for about a 48-hour period. However, when Hurricane Wilma made landfall in October roof damage was reported along with broken windows, damaged jetways, and destroyed canopies. The airport was closed for a period of 5 days. Hurricane Wilma was a Category 2 when its center passed to the west of FLL.

In February 2007, the airport started fees to all users, including private aircraft. FLL is one of the few airports to administer fees to private pilots. A minimum charge of $10 is assessed on landing private aircraft.

On October 11, 2016, Emirates announced that they would operate a flight from Dubai to Ft. Lauderdale daily using a Boeing 777-200LR. The airline decided on Fort Lauderdale instead of Miami, which has longer runways and better facilities for widebody aircraft and long haul flights; FLL was chosen because of Emirates's codeshare agreement with JetBlue.[15] The service ended in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[16]

On January 6, 2017, a lone gunman opened fire inside Terminal 2 with a semi-automatic handgun, killing five people. The shooter surrendered to police and was arrested.[17]

In 2018, NORAD announced that it would be stationing fighter jets at the airport during President Donald Trump's trips to Mar-a-Lago.[18]

As of 2018, the airport has been going through an extensive renovation and expansion project worth approximately $3 billion that has added gates, new parking, stores, and shops. The master plan calls for the construction of an Intermodal center, a people mover, a hotel, an increase in the number of gates from 62 to 95, and widening of the terminal access road.[19]

Facilities[edit]

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport, located in an unincorporated area,[20] covers 1,380 acres (558 ha) and has two runways:[2]

  • 10L/28R: 9,000 x 150 ft (2,743 x 46 m) Asphalt
  • 10R/28L: 8,000 x 150 ft (2,438 x 46 m) Concrete (Enlarged September 18, 2014.)[21]

In December 2021, there were 111 aircraft based at this airport: 23 single-engine, 13 multi-engine, 74 jet and 1 helicopter.[2]

Silver Airways has its headquarters in Suite 201 of the 1100 Lee Wagener Blvd building.[22][23] When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area.[24]

Terminals[edit]

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport has four terminals with 66 gates. Terminal 1, commonly referred to as "The New Terminal," opened in stages between 2001 and 2003 and was designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum[25] and Cartaya Associates.[26] The other three terminals were constructed in 1986 and designed by Reynolds, Smith & Hills as part of a $263 million construction project.[27] Terminal 4, commonly referred to as the International Terminal, was inaugurated by a Concorde visit in 1983. Since 2005, T4 has been undergoing renovations and a major expansion designed by PGAL/Zyscovich joint venture. The airport announced that Terminal 1, common known as "The New Terminal", underwent $300 million makeover. Construction began in late 2015 and was completed in June 2017.[28]

Check-in area at Fort Lauderdale – Hollywood International Airport, Terminal 1
Terminal 1 hallway
Waiting room in Terminal 1 Concourse A

Terminal 1, known as the Yellow Terminal, contains Concourses A, B & C and 23 gates. Concourse A mainly serves international travelers. United Airlines operates a United Club in Concourse C, which originally opened with the new Terminal in May 2001 as a Continental Airlines Presidents Club before United merged with Continental Airlines. This terminal is also the most frequently used of the four by Southwest Airlines; nearly all Southwest flights operate out of Concourse B.

Terminal 2, known as the Red Terminal, contains Concourse D and 9 gates. Delta Air Lines operates a Sky Club here. This terminal is currently undergoing a $100 million modernization, including the expansion of the check-in area, renovations to security screening facilities, new ceilings, flooring, and the inclusion of more concessions, along with the modernizarion of the Sky Club.[29]

Terminal 3, known as the Purple Terminal, contains Concourses E & F with 20 gates, functioning as the JetBlue operating base.[30] This terminal includes a small food court serving passengers dishes from Pei Wei Asian Diner, Steak 'n Shake, and Einstein Bros. Bagels. It's also connected to Terminal 4 via a newly built walkway.

Terminal 4, known as the Green Terminal, contains Concourse G with 14 gates, and functions as the Spirit operating base. Concourse H closed in December 2017 and has since been demolished. The former Concourse H was reconfigured and redesigned by the architectural firms of PGAL/Zyscovich joint venture. The new three-story facility, which was renamed Concourse G, has 14 new gates, 11 of which are international/domestic capable and one arrivals area for bussing operations. New concessions, seatings and approximately 50,000 sq. ft. of administrative offices for the Aviation Department are being designed on the upper levels of the facility. An expanded U.S. Customs and Border Protection facility will also be included in the new Eastern Expansion construction.

Ground transportation[edit]

A view of the Terminal Drive loop leading into the airport.

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport is near the Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport at Dania Beach train station, served by Amtrak intercity trains and Tri-Rail commuter trains. The latter provides a shuttle bus service from the station to three locations at the airport, all on the lower level: the west end of terminal 1, between terminals 2 and 3, and between terminals 3 and 4. The shuttles operate 7 days a week and are free for Tri-Rail customers.

The terminals are accessible by U.S. Route 1. Other major roads that border the airport include Florida State Road 818, Interstate 95, and Interstate 595. U.S. Route 1 includes an underpass under Runway 10R/28L.

Ride-sharing companies can also be used to and from the airport in designated pickup and drop-off places found between Terminals 1 and 2 and Terminals 3 and 4.

The airport also offers airport parking and operates a consolidated rental car facility which can be accessed from Terminal 1 by a short walk and from the other terminals by a free shuttle bus service.

FLL is served by Broward County Transit bus Route 1 which offers connecting service through the Broward Central Terminal in downtown Fort Lauderdale, and also service to Aventura Mall in Aventura, Florida in Miami-Dade County.

Art[edit]

Internationally known artist and sculptor Duane Hanson created an installation for his work "Vendor with Walkman" at the Departure Level of Terminal 3 at the airport. Hanson, who retired and died in nearby Boca Raton, created a seated middle-aged man wearing a red T-shirt, blue pants, baseball cap and listening to a walkman during a break. The installation accessories give additional clues to the narrative of the artwork: toy airplane, various signs, and announcement for the shop, janitorial supplies.[31] The artwork has since been moved to Terminal 1 Arrival Level.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto–Pearson [32]
Air Canada Rouge Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Québec City
[32]
Air Transat Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Halifax, Québec City
[33]
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Los Angeles, Portland (OR), San Diego, San Francisco
[34]
Allegiant Air Akron (begins November 19, 2022), Allentown, Appleton,[35] Asheville, Belleville/St. Louis, Charlotte−Concord, Cincinnati, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Greenville/Spartanburg, Harrisburg, Indianapolis, Knoxville, Lexington, Louisville, Memphis, Norfolk, Peoria, Plattsburgh (NY), Sioux Falls, Syracuse
Seasonal: Bangor, Des Moines, Flint, Grand Rapids
[36]
American Airlines Boston, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, New York–JFK (ends November 2, 2022),[37] Philadelphia [38]
Avelo Airlines Newport News (begins October 20, 2022),[39] New Haven (CT), Wilmington (NC) (begins November 11, 2022)[40] [41]
Avianca Bogotá [42]
Azul Brazilian Airlines Belém (resumes December 15, 2022),[43] Campinas, Manaus (begins 15 December 2022)[44][45]
Bahamasair Freeport, Nassau [46]
Caribbean Airlines Kingston, Port of Spain
Seasonal: Montego Bay
[47]
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen [48]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, Cincinnati, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma (resumes December 17, 2022)[49] [50]
Flair Airlines Ottawa, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Kitchener/Waterloo, Montréal–Trudeau
[51]
Frontier Airlines Albany, Atlanta, Buffalo, Chicago–Midway (begins November 5, 2022), Green Bay, Las Vegas (begins November 5, 2022), Long Island/Islip, Newburgh, Orlando, Philadelphia, Portland (ME), Providence, Rochester (NY), Trenton [52]
IBC Airways Cap-Haïtien [53]
JetBlue Albany, Aruba (ends September 6, 2022), Atlanta, Austin, Bogotá, Boston, Buffalo, Cancún, Charleston (SC), Guayaquil, Hartford, Havana, Jacksonville (FL), Kingston, Las Vegas, Lima, Los Angeles, Medellín–JMC, Montego Bay, Nashville, Nassau, Newark, New Orleans, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Pittsburgh, Port-au-Prince, Providence, Punta Cana, Quito, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica–Juan Santamaría, San Juan, Santo Domingo–Las Americas , Washington–National, White Plains, Worcester
Seasonal: Aguadilla, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Palm Springs
[54]
Norse Atlantic Airways Oslo[55] [56]
Silver Airways Charleston (SC), Freeport, George Town, Governor's Harbour, Jacksonville (FL), Key West, Marsh Harbour, Nassau, North Eleuthera, Orlando, Savannah, South Bimini, Tallahassee, Tampa [57]
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Cancún, Chicago–Midway, Chicago–O'Hare, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas–Love, Denver, Grand Cayman, Havana, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Long Island/Islip, Milwaukee, Montego Bay, Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Providenciales, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, San Juan, St. Louis, Tampa, Washington–National
Seasonal: Albany, Buffalo, Cleveland, Hartford (resumes November 12, 2022),[58] Louisville, Manchester (NH), Minneapolis/St. Paul, Philadelphia, Providence, Rochester (NY), San Antonio
[59]
Spirit Airlines Aguadilla, Armenia (Colombia), Aruba, Atlanta, Atlantic City, Austin, Baltimore, Barranquilla, Bogotá, Boston, Bucaramanga, Cali, Cancún, Cap-Haïtien, Cartagena, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Hartford, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Kingston, Las Vegas, Latrobe/Pittsburgh, Lima, Los Angeles, Louisville, Manchester (NH), Medellín–JMC, Milwaukee, Montego Bay, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Panama City, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Port-au-Prince, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, San José de Costa Rica–Juan Santamaría, San Pedro Sula, San Juan, San Salvador, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, St. Croix, St. Louis, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, Tampa, Tegucigalpa/Comayagua
Seasonal: Kansas City, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Oakland
[60]
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul [61]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles [62]
United Express Seasonal: Cleveland
Western Air Nassau [63]
WestJet Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Calgary
[64]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
FedEx Express Atlanta, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Worth/Alliance, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Lubbock, Memphis, Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, Orlando, Tampa
FedEx Feeder Key West, Marathon, Tallahassee
IBC Airways Miami
UPS Airlines Fort Myers, Louisville, Miami, Orlando

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from FLL (May 2021 – April 2022)[65]
Rank City Passengers Airlines
1 Atlanta, Georgia 1,126,000 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
2 Newark, New Jersey 810,000 JetBlue, Spirit, United
3 New York–JFK, New York 651,000 American, Delta, JetBlue
4 New York–LaGuardia, New York 642,000 Delta, JetBlue, Spirit
5 Chicago-O'Hare, Illinois 551,000 American, JetBlue, Spirit, United
6 Boston, Massachusetts 474,000 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, United
7 Detroit, Michigan 469,000 Delta, Spirit
8 Baltimore, Maryland 451,000 Southwest, Spirit
9 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 431,000 American, Spirit
10 Charlotte, North Carolina 399,000 American, Spirit
Busiest international routes to and from FLL (2019)[66]
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 599,565 Air Canada, Air Canada Rouge, Air Transat, Flair, WestJet
2 Nassau, Bahamas 566,151 Bahamasair, JetBlue, Silver, Southwest
3 Montréal, Canada 500,262 Air Canada, Air Transat, Flair
4 San José, Costa Rica 424,313 JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
5 Montego Bay, Jamaica 409,571 Caribbean, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
6 Cancún, Mexico 393,532 JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
7 Havana, Cuba 392,729 JetBlue
8 Kingston, Jamaica 356,538 Caribbean, JetBlue, Spirit
9 Bogotá, Colombia 298,217 Avianca, JetBlue, Spirit
10 Port-au-Prince, Haiti 278,359 American, JetBlue, Spirit

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at FLL airport. See source Wikidata query.
Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned), 1997–present[67]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
1997 12,277,411 2007 22,681,903 2017 32,511,053
1998 12,453,874 2008 22,621,698 2018 35,963,370
1999 13,990,692 2009 21,061,131 2019 36,747,622
2000 15,860,004 2010 22,412,627 2020 16,484,132
2001 16,407,927 2011 23,349,835 2021 28,076,808
2002 17,037,261 2012 23,569,103
2003 17,938,046 2013 23,559,779
2004 20,819,292 2014 24,648,306
2005 22,390,285 2015 26,941,511
2006 21,369,787 2016 29,205,002

Airline market share[edit]

Top Airlines at FLL
(February 2021 - January 2022)[68]
Rank Airline Passengers Percent of market share
1 Spirit Airlines 7,129,000 30.07%
2 JetBlue Airways 4,345,000 18.33%
3 Southwest Airlines 3,650,000 15.4%
4 Delta Air Lines 3,125,000 13.18%
5 American Airlines 2,192,000 9.24%

Accidents and incidents[edit]

FedEx Express Flight 910 experienced a landing gear malfunction in October 2016
  • On May 18, 1972, an Eastern Air Lines McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 had its landing gear collapse and tail section separate during landing. The aircraft then caught fire but all passengers and crew were able to safely evacuate.[69]
  • On May 26, 1979, an Inter Island Shipping Inc. Howard 350 crashed when one engine lost power shortly after takeoff during a forced landing, impacting trees near FLL. Both occupants died. Contaminated fluid was found in the carburetor of the engine.[70]
  • On July 7, 1983, Air Florida Flight 8 with 47 people on board was flying from Fort Lauderdale International Airport to Tampa International Airport. One of the passengers handed a note to one of the flight attendants, saying that he had a bomb, and telling them to fly the plane to Havana, Cuba. He revealed a small athletic bag, which he opened, and inside was an apparent explosive device. The airplane was diverted to Havana-José Martí International Airport, and the hijacker was taken into custody by Cuban authorities.[71]
  • On November 19, 2013, an Air Evac International Learjet 35 crashed shortly after take-off from the airport, on its way to Cozumel, Mexico, after calling mayday and during an attempt to return to the airport, possibly due to engine failure, leaving 4 persons dead.[72]
  • On October 29, 2015, Dynamic Airways Flight 405, a Boeing 767-246ER (N251MY) was taxiing to a runway to take off for a flight to Caracas, Venezuela. when its left engine caught fire due to a fuel leak. The crew immediately stopped the airplane and fire crews arrived on the scene. All 101 passengers and crew evacuated the aircraft, and 17 passengers were transported to a hospital. All runways were shut down and air operations ceased at the airport for three hours.[73]
  • On October 28, 2016, FedEx Express Flight 910, a McDonnell Douglas MD-10-10F suffered a landing gear collapse upon landing. The aircraft subsequently caught fire, which destroyed the left wing and engine. The two crew members on board both survived.[74]

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