Fort Liard

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Fort Liard
Echaot'l Koe or Ahcho Kue
Hamlet
The Sleeping Giant - the view from the top of the hill heading into the Hamlet
The Sleeping Giant - the view from the top of the hill heading into the Hamlet
Fort Liard is located in Northwest Territories
Fort Liard
Fort Liard
Coordinates: 60°14′27″N 123°28′11″W / 60.24083°N 123.46972°W / 60.24083; -123.46972Coordinates: 60°14′27″N 123°28′11″W / 60.24083°N 123.46972°W / 60.24083; -123.46972
Country Canada
Territory Northwest Territories
Region Dehcho Region
Constituency Nahendeh
Census division Region 4
Incorporated (hamlet) 1 April 1987
Government
 • Mayor Morris McLeod
 • Senior Administrative Officer John McKee
 • MLA Kevin Menicoche
Area[1]
 • Land 68.38 km2 (26.40 sq mi)
Elevation 216 m (709 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 536
 • Density 7.8/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
Canadian Postal code X0G 0A0
Area code(s) 867
Telephone exchange 770
- Living cost 132.5A
- Food price index 134.9B
Website www.fortliard.com
Sources:
Department of Municipal and Community Affairs,[2]
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,[3]
Canada Flight Supplement[4]
^A 2009 figure based on Edmonton = 100[5]
^B 2010 figure based on Yellowknife = 100[5]

Fort Liard (pronounced "lee-ahrd") (Slavey language: Echaot'l Koe[pronunciation?] "people from the land of the giants" or Ahcho Kue) is a hamlet in the Dehcho Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. It is located 37 km (23 mi) north of the British Columbia border. It became accessible by road in 1984 with the completion of the Liard Highway (Northwest Territories Highway 7 and British Columbia Highway 77).

The Hamlet of Fort Liard has two stores to choose from: The General Store and The North West Company store. It has a school "Echo Dene School", with a student population of about 150 from K-12. It also has a nursing station with four nurses, a Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment with four members, and a Recreation Centre (complete with a swimming pool, skating rink, youth centre and a multi-court).[6] There is a fuel centre that sells gasoline, diesel fuel, propane, emergency survival kits and convenience items. There is also a traditional craft store which sells locally made craft items.

Demographics[edit]

Population is 536 according to the 2011 Census a decrease of 8.1% from 2006.[1] In the 2006 Census the majority of the population, 520 people out of a total of 583, were Aboriginal, either First Nations or Métis.[7] In 2012 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 568 with an average yearly growth rate of 0.0% from 2001.[5]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1996 538 —    
1997 528 −1.9%
1998 525 −0.6%
1999 537 +2.3%
2000 571 +6.3%
2001 581 +1.8%
2002 593 +2.1%
2003 572 −3.5%
2004 606 +5.9%
Year Pop. ±%
2005 594 −2.0%
2006 604 +1.7%
2007 585 −3.1%
2008 580 −0.9%
2009 578 −0.3%
2010 585 +1.2%
2011 582 −0.5%
2012 568 −2.4%
Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics (2001-2012)[5]

First Nations[edit]

The Dene of the community are represented by the Acho Dene Koe Band and the Métis by Fort Liard Metis Local 67. Both groups belong to the Deh Cho First Nations Tribal Council.[8][9]

Climate[edit]

Fort Liard has a borderline subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), just short of a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), characterized by extreme variation of temperatures between seasons. Temperatures can be very warm in the summer, and very cold in the winter.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Fort Liard was 35.2 °C (95.4 °F) on 13 July 2014.[10] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −46.7 °C (−52 °F) on 15 January 1974.[11]

Climate data for Fort Liard Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1973–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 7.3 14.2 18.1 23.2 29.7 37.8 38.8 37.5 30.9 24.5 9.4 14.6 38.8
Record high °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
15.0
(59)
19.9
(67.8)
25.0
(77)
32.6
(90.7)
32.9
(91.2)
35.2
(95.4)
34.9
(94.8)
30.5
(86.9)
26.5
(79.7)
13.5
(56.3)
15.3
(59.5)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) −17.9
(−0.2)
−11.8
(10.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
8.6
(47.5)
16.5
(61.7)
22.2
(72)
23.3
(73.9)
21.4
(70.5)
15.2
(59.4)
3.9
(39)
−10.6
(12.9)
−15.4
(4.3)
4.4
(39.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −21.8
(−7.2)
−17.1
(1.2)
−9.5
(14.9)
2.0
(35.6)
9.8
(49.6)
15.6
(60.1)
17.3
(63.1)
15.3
(59.5)
9.6
(49.3)
0.0
(32)
−14.0
(6.8)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
Average low °C (°F) −25.5
(−13.9)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−15.9
(3.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
3.0
(37.4)
8.9
(48)
11.3
(52.3)
9.1
(48.4)
3.9
(39)
−3.9
(25)
−17.4
(0.7)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
Record low °C (°F) −46.7
(−52.1)
−44.0
(−47.2)
−39.8
(−39.6)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−14.5
(5.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
−11.7
(10.9)
−30.0
(−22)
−43.0
(−45.4)
−45.0
(−49)
−46.7
(−52.1)
Record low wind chill −62.9 −51.9 −48.1 −36.0 −17.6 0.0 0.0 −2.7 −17.0 −32.8 −53.5 −55.3 −62.9
Average precipitation mm (inches) 24.9
(0.98)
19.7
(0.776)
16.2
(0.638)
23.0
(0.906)
41.4
(1.63)
59.5
(2.343)
83.4
(3.283)
55.3
(2.177)
44.0
(1.732)
34.7
(1.366)
28.4
(1.118)
21.2
(0.835)
451.7
(17.783)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
5.5
(0.217)
37.7
(1.484)
59.5
(2.343)
83.4
(3.283)
55.0
(2.165)
41.4
(1.63)
11.6
(0.457)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
294.1
(11.579)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 26.3
(10.35)
21.3
(8.39)
16.8
(6.61)
17.9
(7.05)
3.8
(1.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.08)
2.7
(1.06)
23.5
(9.25)
30.3
(11.93)
22.5
(8.86)
165.4
(65.12)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.0 7.0 6.4 5.2 9.6 9.6 12.0 10.7 10.1 8.8 9.6 6.7 103.7
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 8.6 9.6 12.0 10.7 9.6 3.7 0.1 0.0 56.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 8.1 7.0 6.5 3.7 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 6.0 9.6 6.7 49.7
Source: Environment Canada[11][12][13][14][15][16][10][17][18][19]

[20]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Fort Liard, HAM Northwest Territories (Census subdivision)
  2. ^ "NWT Communities - Fort Liard". Government of the Northwest Territories: Department of Municipal and Community Affairs. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Northwest Territories Official Community Names and Pronunciation Guide". Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre. Yellowknife: Education, Culture and Employment, Government of the Northwest Territories. Archived from the original on 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2016-01-13. 
  4. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 5 January 2017 to 0901Z 2 March 2017
  5. ^ a b c d Fort Liard - Statistical Profile at the GNWT
  6. ^ Infrastructure
  7. ^ 2006 Census - Aboriginal Profile
  8. ^ Acho Dene Koe Band
  9. ^ Fort Liard Métis
  10. ^ a b "Daily Data Report for July 2014". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Fort Liard A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 13 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "Daily Data Report for August 1999". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  13. ^ "Daily Data Report for October 2003". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  14. ^ "Daily Data Report for June 2011". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  15. ^ "Daily Data Report for July 2013". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  16. ^ "Daily Data Report for January 2014". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  17. ^ "Daily Data Report for March 2016". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  18. ^ "Daily Data Report for November 2015". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  19. ^ "Daily Data Report for May 2016". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 13 May 2016. 
  20. ^ "Environment Canada FTP". Environment and Climate Change Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 

External links[edit]