Fort Metal Cross

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Fort Metal Cross
Part of British Gold Coast
Mariners19.JPG
Fort Metal Cross in 1727.
Fort Metal Cross is located in Ghana
Fort Metal Cross
Fort Metal Cross
Coordinates4°48′N 1°57′W / 4.8°N 1.95°W / 4.8; -1.95
Site history
Built1683 (1683)
Garrison information
OccupantsBritain (1683-1868)
Netherlands (1868-1872)
LocationDixcove, Western Region, Ghana
Part ofForts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions
CriteriaCultural: (vi)
Reference34-008
Inscription1979 (3rd Session)

Fort Metal Cross, originally Fort Dixcove, is a military structure in Dixcove, Ghana.

Brandenburg-Prussia started building Fort Groß Friedrichsburg about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) west of Dixcove in 1683, (now Princes Town) in the colony of Brandenburger Gold Coast but it was not completed until the 1690s.

Map of fort, 1746

Fort Metal Cross was besieged twice in 1712 by John Kanu, a local ally of the Prussians, but the fort was defended successfully.[citation needed]

The fort was transferred to the Dutch as part of a large trade of forts between Britain and the Netherlands in 1868 under the Anglo-Dutch Gold Coast Treaty.[1] It was renamed Fort Metal Kruiz. Four years later, however, on 6 April 1872, the fort was, with the entire Dutch Gold Coast, again transferred to the United Kingdom, as per the Gold Coast treaty of 1871. The Dutch name stuck, however, translated as Fort Metal Cross.[2]

The Fort was included as one of the Forts and Castles of Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions that became a World Heritage Site in 1979.[3]

Fort Metal Cross, Dixcove, Western Region, Ghana, in May 2012

References[edit]

  1. ^ Doortmont, Michel René; Smit, Jinna (2007). Sources for the Mutual History of Ghana and the Netherlands: An Annotated Guide to the Dutch Archives Relating to Ghana and West Africa in the Nationaal Archief, 1593-1960s (in Dutch). BRILL. p. 325. ISBN 9004158502.
  2. ^ Briggs, Philip; Connolly, Sean (2016-12-05). Ghana. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 247. ISBN 9781784770341.
  3. ^ Journals, IU Press (2015-02-20). Transition 114: Transition: The Magazine of Africa and the Diaspora. Indiana University Press. p. 91. ISBN 9780253018588.